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The Baltic region in the international relations



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The BALTIC REGION IN the INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS the Baltic region in the international relations during Modern and Latest times: Materials of the international scientific conference.

Kaliningrad, on October 10 — 11, 2003 / Under the editorship of Yu.V. Kostyashov,

V.V. Sergeyev. — Kaliningrad: KGU publishing house, 2004. — 282 pages

In 2004 the department of foreign history and the international relations published the collection of articles "The Baltic Region in the International Relations during Modern and Latest Times" which basis was formed by materials of the international scientific conference which took place in October, 2003 in KGu. The collection includes 30 articles of scientists from Kaliningrad, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Smolensk, Bryansk, Oryol and also from Germany, Poland, Latvia and Estonia. Articles are grouped in four sections in the chronological principle.

The first section "The War and Diplomacy in the Baltic Region in the XVII—XVIII Centuries" opens article of professor of KGu V.V. Sergeyev "The region of the Baltic Sea in the international relations of XVIII — the beginnings of the 20th century: region of confrontation or cooperation?", which in a certain measure is adjusting as covers all most important aspects of a perspective of the collection throughout an era of Modern times. In analytical article of the dean of department of history V.I. Galtsov "Northern war as a factor of europeanization of Russia", apparently, well-known events of the first quarter of the 18th century absolutely are in a new way treated. Professor G.V. Kretinin in connection with I. Kant's anniversary presented new materials to the biography of the great philosopher. Besides, in works Yu.E. and L.I. Ivoninykh are lit some aspects of foreign policy of Sweden, M.V. Golovanov analyzes prerequisites of the Russian-Prussian treatise of 1764, and N.I. Ermakova considers international relations of scientists of the Konigsberg university.

The works of concrete historical contents devoted, first of all, to an era of the Napoleonic wars (V.V. Rogin-sky, T.N. Gella, A.A. Panchenko's articles) are presented in the second section "The International Relations on Baltic in the 19th Century". Associate professor V.N. Maslov investigated value of "the Finnish question" in the Russian-Swedish relations of a boundary of the 18th and 19th centuries "the Shlezvig-Golshtinsky question" in J. Bright's assessment and illumination of "an ostzeysky question" in the Russian press in the 1860th became an object of research of M.V. Tikhonova and Yu.L. Mikhaylova. The leading researcher of RAS M.N. Mashkin considered value of East Baltics in the Russian-German relations of the 80th years of the 19th century

The third section of the collection, the called "Baltic region between world wars", it is possible to divide into three parts. First, it is the materials devoted to World War I (article of the doctor of historical sciences B.M. Tupolev) and post-war settlement (K.N. Kolmagorov's works, K. Bryuggemanna). Secondly, the publications about East Prussia devoted to the Konigsberg East fair (Yu.V. Kostyashov) and to value of a problem of the Polish minority in the relations between Poland and Germany (N.A. Stroganov). However bo-

The Baltic region in mezhdunarodnkh the relations

leu of everything materials of this section concern the eve and an initial stage of World War II. At the same time authors often with different, sometimes opposite, positions estimate policy of the USSR in East Baltics and in all Baltic region in 1939 — 1941 (A.V. Zolov, V.N. Baryshnikov, D. Olekhnovich's articles, I. Saleniyetsa).

The fourth section "Modern Problems of Development of the Baltic Region" opens article of the director of archive of Institute of Herder P. Verster (Germany) "My way from Konigsberg to Kaliningrad" which is distinguished by autobiographical approach to history of the Russian-German relations after World War II. Article of other researcher from Germany doctor E. Mattes contains the detailed analysis of the German historiography of history of creation of the Kaliningrad region. Professor of the university Viadrina F. The terr was presented by the review of ethnic cleansing in the Baltic region in time and after World War II. The publication of professor G.M. Fedorov is devoted to characteristic of a geopolitical position and the modern strategy of development for the Kaliningrad region. With it A. Dzhevitsky's (Poland) article about the principles of policy of Poland and Germany in relation to the Kaliningrad region in the early nineties has something in common. In a final part of this section associate professor N.Yu. Nikulina characterized international relations of department of history of KGU on problems of historical education, and associate professor A.D. Chumakov submitted the analysis of how the Russian-Swedish relations in three last centuries are covered in high school textbooks.

In general articles published in the collection light the most important stages of history of the international relations on Baltic and reflect various points of view of the Russian and foreign researchers. The collection is well published, supplied with competently issued nauchnospravochny device, contains the summary of all published materials in English and also detailed data on authors.

R. Molchanov,

the graduate student of department of foreign history and the international relations of RGU of I. Kant

ABOUT SOURCE STUDY RESEARCHES ON DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY of the Problem of a source study and historiography. Kaliningrad: KGU publishing house, 1999 — 2004. Issue 1 — 3.

Studying sources — a basis of each historical research. No theory and methodology are capable to compensate lack of real actual information on past events. Historical knowledge exists so far as there is a historical source. There is no source, there is no history also.

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Katherine Amice
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