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Vladimir Vasilyevich Miloserdov



Agrarian bulletin of the Urals

No. 1 (43), 2008

ATTENTION! NEW HEADING

we it to leave a lie and to be approved in the truth. Then we will go forward, and we will go rather others because came after them because we have all their experience and all work vevladimir Vasilyevich Miloserdoye was born on October 15, 1930 in poor country family in the village Moise-evo-Alabushka of Uvarovsky district on Tambov region - the earth of "Initial Russia", edge of free Slavic soul, a serfdom and patrimonial nests of many old Russian surnames. Only in a month after the birth the father - Vasily Ivanovich - came in village council to write down the firstborn. This day (on November 15) also became an official birthday.

Vladimir Vasilyevich's father died in 1941 at the front. In war and the first post-war years his family had to endure a lot of things. Volodya studied, and worked in collective farm in the summer. After school went to Minsk. There it, after the examinations in mathematics and Russian which are handed over on "perfectly" and "well", was admitted to institute without grant. On bread it was necessary to earn: to unload cars, to work the stage technician in dramatic theater, on confectionery to force down boxes with candies, to dry wood material.

In 1953 after the termination of institute it was directed to work to Pukhovich-sky district of the Minsk region as the chairman of the district plan where became the first employee of district executive committee having the higher education.

In 1956 V. Miloserdov comes to a postgraduate study. After protection of the master's thesis in 1961 keen on economic-mathematical modeling, believed in a possibility of this new scientific direction, passed to work into Computer center of Gosplan the Belarusian SSR as the head of department of optimum planning. He gave to this subject many years, learned, promoted and introduced in agrarian practice.

In 1965 Vladimir Vasilyevich passes into Institute of economy and organization of agricultural production of Belarus, directs department of mathematical methods and computer facilities. Makes reports much. At one of conferences meets the deputy director of VNIESH P G. Kravchenko who suggested it to go to the International conference to the GDR.

In 1967 V. Miloserdov is transferred to Moscow the head of large structural unit of VNIESH - department of economic cybernetics where it continues to deal with a problem of optimization of placement of purchases of agricultural products. Under contracts with Gosplakov, preceding us".

We consider it expedient to publish debatable article about fight of the liberal capitalism against state. This fight in the postnumber of the USSR and RSFSR its department counted the plan of purchases for federal republics, regions of Russia, including for areas of the Tambov region. Gosplan approved by the USSR the technique of placement of purchases developed by Miloser-dov as standard. In 1971 he defended the doctoral dissertation. At this time he works hard, is much published, makes reports at all-Union and international meetings, conferences (Hungary, the GDR, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Austria, Australia, England, the USA).

In 1973 V. Miloserdov is appointed the director of the All-Union institute of economic cybernetics designed to coordinate work on use of economic-mathematical methods in agriculture. This direction begins to develop also in the countries of the socialist camp. The Coordination center Comecon in which work Miloserdov participates is created as the representative from the USSR scientists of other countries began to pass a training In institute.

The few academicians-economists of VASHNIL (Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences) have so rich business and creative biography as V.V. Miloserdov. Work in Gosplana the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU, management activity at three leading institutes, extensive research and advisory work in 17 regions of the country, various scientific contacts with foreign scientists, about 300 published works. Formidable, intense life, but at the same time is not present fatigue, despondency, satiation. Creative potential of Vladimir Vasilyevich not only is not exhausted, and grows. The certificate to that is a series of articles in recent years, deep according to contents and sharp in a form which were published in the leading economic magazines.

In 1977 the government decision on creation of Nauchnoissledovatelsky institute of economy and the organization of agricultural production of the Nonchernozem zone of RSFSR by his creator and the first director was made there was V.V. Miloserdov. In 1978 he is elected the corresponding member of VASHNIL. The new research institute becomes leading in development of comprehensive programs of development of agriculture. For this purpose it will organize work on grocery subcomplexes together with Institutes of Technology of office of VASHNIL on the Nonchernozem zone.

Then the leading work in Moskdny time amplifies, and among winners the state capitalism acts. In this regard there is a problem about revival of socialist relations of production.

From edition

ve is a transition of V.V. Miloserdov in 1981 for work in Gosplan the USSR as the deputy chief of summary department of agro-industrial complex. And since 1982 he is the assistant to the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the consultant of department of agriculture and the food industry of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1988 V. Miloserdov returned in Gosplan the USSR the deputy, then - the first deputy chief of summary department of agro-industrial complex and the economic adviser of Gosplan the USSR where remained up to 1991

Reorganization returned it in a field of agrarian science. In 1991-1992 he is the academician-secretary of Office of economy of VASHNIL, then the academician-secretary of Office of a land reform and land management of Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. In 1991 he was elected the academician of VASHNIL, in 1992 appointed the director of the All-Russian scientific research institute of economy, work and management in agriculture (VNIETUSH) which he directed till 2003

VNIETUSH - institute "with an experience", not there was a speech here about overcoming those organizational difficulties which are inevitable during creation of new scientific research institutes - there was both a room, and shots. There were no means for development of effective scientific research only as there were no them and in agriculture - the consumer of the innovations developed by institute.

Working in VNIETUSH, V.V. Miloserdov did not go a protoryonny way, looked for the new areas of work adequate to the changing economic situation capable to resist to organizational and economic destruction of the agrarian industry. Together with E.S. Stroyev the program of reforming of regional agrarian and industrial complex was developed. Miloserdov was approved as her research supervisor. The principle of complex design and formation of the organizational and economic mechanism of adaptation of the enterprises of regional agrarian and industrial complex to market conditions was the basis. Here entered: justification of structure and organization of production and financial activity of agro-industrial formations; basic provisions of the economic mechanism of functioning of agricultural firms; models of the distributive relations in the integrated economic systems; the price policy and pricing in the exchange relations of agro-industrial complex and the mechanism of the domestic (transfer) prices in the economic relations structural

No. 1 (43), 2008

Agrarian bulletin of the Urals

69

ATTENTION! NEW HEADING

divisions; models of internal commercial calculation and intra relations of production; forms of integration of personal subsidiary farms with social production. For the first time in economic science the standard projects including working drafts, their binding to concrete territories and economic entities and also their scientific maintenance were developed. All of them were discussed and approved on Scientific and technical council of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. Results of introduction of working drafts had a huge resonance in the country. Behind experience delegations from all huge Russia went to the Oryol region.

Under the scientific guide of Vladimir Vasilyevich 14 doctor's and 24 master's theses are protected. Among the Doctors of Economics who received an academic degree: E. Stroyev is the governor of the Oryol region, A. Gordeev is a Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, S. Dankvert is a Head of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance.

Vladimir Vasilyevich's fate brought together it with interesting and considerable persons. He was the assistant to the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU on the village, the member of the Politburo M. Gorbachev; it had good relations with Gosplan's chairmen: N.K. Baybakov, when he worked as the deputy chief of summary department of agrarian and industrial complex of Gosplan CCC and with Yu.D. Maslyukov, being the economic adviser of Gosplan the USSR, - with the Chairman of the Federation Council E.S. Stroyev, now - with the prefect of the Southeast district of Moscow V. Zotov whose economic adviser he is; with L.I. Hitrun - the chairman of Soyuzselkhoztekhnika, the first secretary of the Ryazan regional committee, etc.

VNIETUSKH Vladimir Vasilyevich writes

much After departure from the job of the director, attracting readers with the width of the views, ability to isolate a problem and ability to find the sources feeding it. This scientific insight and analytical opportunities were also before engines in its research and organizing advance. In 2007 Vladimir Vasilyevich published 16 articles in solid magazines, prepared the large monograph - "The Peasantry of Russia in the Global World". The website on which its scientific works of the last years are posted works for it. It always remains is faithful to itself(himself), defending the civic stand.

V.V. Miloserdov stood and costs that in the forefront to a part of scientific community which sees the reasons of economic sliding of Russia clearly down. But unlike many, too critically and truly, but silently assessing a situation, he speaks about it at the top of the voice. In article "The Present Economic Course Is Pernicious for Agriculture of Russia" it, for example,

writes: "Concerning such "reforming" it is possible to tell the words of the public figure, Slavophile A. Koshelev: "You know, very much I am afraid of your St. Petersburg cooking. As you, misters officials in addition Petersburgers moreover in addition scientists, will begin to zakonodatelstvovat, the right, from this there can be purely absolutely a trouble moreover what! You know, the jimjams tears up... We from you are afraid of much, but in practice you will be more terrible and more awful". Here, it is valid - a jimjams. Hlestakova in the authorities studying Russia on foreign sources ruined the village, organized to peasants "Massacre of St. Bartholomew". And not only to peasants".

Vladimir Vasilyevich categorically does not agree with heads of the financial and economic block of the government in questions of a role of the state in market conditions. According to him, Gaydara, Chubaysa, Nemtsov and their loud-hailers discharged the state of regulation of economic processes, having transferred these functions to the free market though in the West for a long time understood that the market is not able to replace with itself active public policy. "Today the free market exists, - he writes, - only in textbooks for beginners as simplification, necessary for them". The dispute Miloserdo-va with the liberal democrats concerning food security does not stop. "Since the beginning of the 90th years western "advisers", government officials, - he writes, - claimed that in connection with openness of the market to ask about food security in Russia there is no sense that it is aimed only at support of the agrarian sector". Also criticizes A. Kudrin who in Rossiyskaya Gazeta (12.02.04) "explained" to readers that "direct support is possible and necessary only in one case - for the benefit of safety of the country. Not food or economic security, but real, national that the country kept the sovereignty". "So, - Miloserdov writes, - on-kudrinski, food security for our country is safety not real though it is well-known that the countries lose the food independence if the import share to internal consumption exceeds the limit of 2030%. Russia stepped over this boundary long ago".

Today the country appeared on boondocks of world history and again has to make the greatest efforts to catch up with other countries as goods and services, in the level of education, science, culture, in living standards of the people. It is a question of our economic survival. The president V. Putin put forward the global national purposes - doubling of GDP, poverty reduction, growth of human well-being and modernization of army. "A special role, Vladimir Vasilyevich writes, commenting on this statement, - in the solution of this task belongs to agriculture. Why such attention to the industry? The answer is simple, - he answers, - agriculture - the important consumer of products of the fondoproizvodyashchy industries. During the prereform period the village received resources more than from 80 industries. The industry concentrated at itself 32% of the fixed business assets, created about 29% of national income, consumed 30% of total amount of products of a machine-building complex, 28% - fuel and energy, nearly 32% - metallurgical, over 32% - chemical and forest, 35% - construction. For years of reforms the purchasing power of rural producers sharply decreased. And, as a result, activity of tractor and agricultural mechanical engineering, other industries forming the industry basis in the past was paralyzed. Millions of workers were left in the basket. Many regions were doomed to vegetation and a social shock".

Openly V.V. Miloser-dov states the opinion on the State Duma which, according to him, "threshes empty straw" - 2/3 laws adopted by it are amendments to already accepted. The Tax Code of the Russian Federation, for example, in six years was changed by 82 times. ’’It is continuous to darn second-hand articles, - it cites G. Plekhanov's words, - and so continuously to imagine at the same time that the darned second-hand articles continuously turn into something absolutely new, it means - to trust continuously in a miracle, is opened and to sneer continuously at all laws of human thinking".

Today Miloser-dov characterizes all events by excerpt from the book by the famous Russian historian V.O. Klyuchevsky: "I do not know society which is more patient, I will not tell - more trustfully, would treat the government as I do not know the government which so would litter patience of society, precisely public money". But abuse of public trust as history shows, does not lead to anything good.

Listed far V.V. Miloserdov's views of a state, the reasons and methods of management of agrarian economy are not exhausted.

In creative plans of V.V. Miloserdov, except "tracking" and assessment of present situations of agroeconomic life of the country, there is a lot more large works. He promised readers to finish the third book of the trilogy "A country question in Russia: last, real, future". According to him, he would like to commit also own life to paper as the chronicle by the person - the active witness, the free and involuntary participant of many fatal decisions and events.

William Williams
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