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SOME ISSUES of DEVELOPMENT of PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT AT the HIGHER SCHOOL of SIBERIA (the END of the 50th the BEGINNING of the 90th of the 20th century)



SPISOK LITERATURY

1. N.S. Avtonomova. Rationality: science, philosophy, life//Rationality as subject of a philosophical research. - M.: IFRAN, 1995. - Page 47-75.
2. V.N. sail. System meaning of the concept "scientific rationality"//Rationality as subject of a philosophical research. - M.: IFRAN, 1995. - Page 76-100.
3. I.T. Kasavin. About rationality problematization situations//Rationality as a subject of a philosophical research.

>- M.: IFRAN, 1995. - Page 155-173.

4. B.I. Pruzhinin. Rationality and unity of knowledge//Rationality as subject of a philosophical research. - M.: IFRAN, 1995. - Page 101-118.
5. Rationality as subject of a philosophical research. - M.: IFRAN, 1995. - 225 pages
6. Rationality at the crossroads. Prince 1 / Otv. edition V.A. Lektorsky. - M.: ROSSPEN, 1999. - 367 pages
7. Rationality at the crossroads. Prince 2 / Otv. edition of P.P. Gaydenko.

>- M.: ROSSPEN, 1999. - 463 pages

8. K.V. Rautmanis. Genesis of the ideas of rationality in philosophy//Rationality as a subject of a philosophical research. - M.: IFRAN, 1995. - Page 17-33.
9. V.S. Stepin. Theoretical knowledge. - M.: Progress-Tradition, 1999. - 572 pages
10. Gaydenko P.P. Volyuntativnaya metaphysics and the new European culture//Three approaches to studying culture / Under the editorship of

B.B. Ivanova. - M.: MSU publishing house, 1997. - Page 5-75.

11. Concept of self-organization: formation of a new image of scientific thinking. - M.: Science, 1994. - 207 pages
12. V.S. Gott, etc. Categories of modern science: (formation and development) / V.S. Gott, E.P. Semenyuk, A.D. Ursule. - M.: Thought, 1984. - 268 pages
13. P. Abailard. Theological treatises: The lane from armor. / Vstup. article, sost.

S.S. Neretina. - M.: Progress, Gnosis, 1995. - 413 pages

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15. Jantsch E. The Self-Organizing Universe. - N.Y.: Pergamon, 1980.

UDC 378:37.037.1 (09)

SOME ISSUES of DEVELOPMENT of PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT AT the HIGHER SCHOOL of SIBERIA (the END of the 50th - the BEGINNING of the 90th of the 20th century)

V.V. Petrik

Tomsk Polytechnic University of E-mail: regionoved@mail.ru

The state and development of physical culture and sport is reflected in higher educational institutions of Siberia in the late fifties - the beginning of the 1990th. Forms, contents and results of work of staff of the Siberian higher education institutions in this field of activity are analyzed and estimated.

Training of highly qualified specialists is inconceivable without continuous care of their physical improvement therefore development of physical education and sport was considered by high school collectives as a necessary component of education of students in educational and in nonlearning time.

This work in higher education institutions was carried out through departments of a physical education and sports clubs of volunteer student's sports society & #34; Буревестник". In a number of higher educational institutions of Siberia the physical education and sport in the late fifties - the beginning of the 1990th had mass character. The following facts demonstrate to it. Sports club (chairman of the board G.A. Pakhotin), department of a physical education (department chair P.E Shchinnikov) of the Omsk veterinary institute in 1961/62 uch. achieved in sports and mass work of noticeable success. In higher education institution the student's sports contest in which a considerable part of future doctors-veterinarians participated was annually held, 10 sports were cultivated, 8 sections functioned, sections of volleyball, gymnastics, skiing, basketball especially well worked [1].

At the Chita medical institute from 1966 to 1968 52 physical cultural events were held, over 2 thousand students took part in them [2].

At the meeting of party committee of the Irkutsk State Pedagogical Institute (ISPI) which took place in November, 1976 it was noted that the staff of department of physical training did a great job on development in higher education institution of physical education and sport. For 1975/76 uch. in IGPI 717 rated sportsmen, 1694 instructors social activists and judges on sport, 359 znachkist of GTO were trained. In teacher's college, sports 12 sports competitions in which 3448 students participated were regularly held. At the same time, it was specified in the adopted resolution of Communist Party committee that the general condition of sports and mass work lagged behind the increased requirements and tasks that in higher education institution for the first half of the 1970th was not prepared any Master of Sports of the USSR. For attraction to physical education and sport of the greatest number of pupils the Communist Party committee recommended to department of a physical education, committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League and trade-union committee of students to strengthen promoting of sport [3].

Experience of establishing sports and mass work in the Novosibirsk institute of engineers of railway transport (NIIZHTE) is represented useful. Here in the 1970th the department of physical training was staffed twenty five with experienced teachers with the higher education among whom 2 - over ten years worked in higher education institution, 7 - had a rank of judges of republican category, 6 - Masters of Sports of the USSR and 1 - world class masters of sports.

NIIZhT during this period of time had sufficient material and technical resources - there was a stadium with the football field, volleyball, basketball courts and sectors on track and field athletics, the House of sport with three halls, the specialized gym, a shooting shooting gallery, a hockey box, ski and skating bases on 600 and on 500 couples of skis and skates.

the Administration and trade-union committee of transport institute considerably improved financing of development of physical education and sport, strengthened material resources. If in the second half of the 1960th the higher education institution spent 110 thousand rubles for sports and mass work, then in 1976-1979-150 thousand rubles. As a part of Communist Party committee and committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League NIIZHT there were sectors of defensive and sports work which coordinated sports and mass actions at institute, supervised the work of student's sports club and the relevant sectors of faculties.

In the 1970th at joint meetings of administration and Communist Party committee NIIZHTA such questions as & #34 were heard; About work of sports club and department of a physical education on development of mass character of sport and the organization of sports actions among студентов" & #34; About problems of higher educational institutions of training of students athletes for the Olympic Games of 1976 & #34; & #34; About GTO complex all-round championship of higher education institution on a prize of the newspaper & #34; Komsomol правда" & #34; About participation of the Komsomol organization in physical training студентов" etc. In 1979/80 uch. repeatedly reports on implementation of the made decisions were heard.

It should be noted that all sports and mass work at the Novosibirsk institute of engineers of railway transport was carried out on the basis of the unified annual plan of educational and educational work approved by administration, party committee, department of physical training and the management of sports club. Classes with students on the I and II courses were held as obligatory, on III and IV courses - as open classrooms. The curriculum at the same time was implemented for all sections, classes were at the high methodical level with a maximum load, 80% of students successfully fulfilled the test requirements. Attendance of classes including in nonlearning time, made more than 95% that demonstrated good attitude of pupils to physical culture and sport.

Besides in transport higher education institution, sports offices and sections on 18 sports worked with coverage 600 students and groups of sports specialization in which 1150 people were engaged are more white. From 1970 for 1975 the institute at the plan 9 prepared 17 Masters of Sports of the USSR (for comparison - 11 higher education institutions of Novosibirsk combined prepared during this time - 23), 270 candidates for the Master of Sports and first-rank sportsmen, 3700 athletes of mass categories, 700 sport instructors.

The big contribution to training of athletes of high qualification was made by trainers - graduates NIIZHTA: V.F. Mamatov, A.I. Lepeshkin, senior teachers L.S. Maslov, L.A. Osipov, P.M. Katushev, etc. In the 1970th the athletes-railroad workers successfully acted in many competitions, were numerous champions of area, the Russian Federation, Central office & #34; Локомотив". In 1973 the niizhtovets won a complex sports contest of higher educational institutions of Ministry of Railways of the USSR, in 1974 and 1976 - a winter sports contest. Athletes of higher education institution were a part of national teams of the USSR, RSFSR, Central office of DSO & #34; Локомотив" Novosibirsk region. Among them - members of national team of the Soviet Union, Masters of Sports of the USSR V. Pridorogin and A. Vasilevskaya; candidates for USSR national team M. Mzhelsky, N. Bayborodin and A. Tarkhov; champions of the USSR in biathlon among young men A. Eremin, K. Mandrov and V. Basov; winner of the international competitions in boxing V. Matrenin, etc.

The close attention in NIIZHTE was paid to the organization and holding sports and mass and improving actions. At each faculty of higher education institution, sports assets led by the sports organizers coordinating work at departments in hostels, during summer practice in geodetic and military camps were created. The complex sports contest on 12 sports, a track and field athletics cross-country and GTO complex all-round competitions was annually held. Practically all students participated in competitions. Interestingly there passed the traditional defensive and sports relay (including 21 sports), which was carried out in March of each academic year. About 700 people took part in this relay. Its program most stoutly reflected the maintenance of the GTO complex and provided firing in a dash, throwing of a grenade, cross-country skiing, track and field athletics

"" ""

run, transfer and bandaging of wounded, etc.

Among student's youth of this institute the greatest popularity such forms of sports and mass and improving work as tourism, classes in groups of the general physical training and health received, sports orientation. Only for 1975/76 uch. more than two thousand students railroad workers visited Gornaya Shoriya by trains & #34; Здоровье" and & #34; Снежинка".

As a result, complex work of administration, the party, trade-union and Komsomol organizations, departments of physical training and the management of sports club NIIZHTA helped higher education institution to resolve issues of raising achievement and social activity of students. Many athletes combined sport and public work: A. Berzenkov was a member of the committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League, A. Starkov was the commissioner of student's construction group, S. Gazarov was the Chairman of the Committee of DOSAAF, V. Batalov was the secretary of committee of Komsomol of institute, etc. [4].

Development of physical education and sport happened also in other highest educational institutions of the region. Among them high rates staff of the Omsk state institute of physical education, Irkutsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk reached, Novosibirsk State University, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Omsk, Chita polytechnical, Altai, Omsk, Buryat agricultural, Kemerovo, Tomsk, Altai medical, Novosibirsk electrotechnical, Irkutsk, Tomsk, Omsk, Chita pedagogical, Siberian metallurgical institutes [5].

In Tomsk T the university (TGU) in the 1960th - the beginning of the 1990th the great value was attached to amateur clubs: scuba divers, cave explorers, tourists, climbers and also primary organization DOSAAF with its numerous sections (shooting, parachute, motorcycle and other sports).

The greatest popularity not only in the country, but also abroad was gained by activity of sports and technical club of scuba divers of TGU & #34; Скат" noted in 1991 the thirtieth anniversary since day of foundation. For these years in club more than 1000 athletes-scuba divers, about 35 Masters of Sports, including three world class masters of sports, champions and world record-holders, Europe and the USSR (D. Shumkov, I. Avdeeva, V. Suchkov) were trained.

Physical training of students of the Krasnoyarsk polytechnical institute (Kras-Pi) also continued to develop in the considered period of time. Studies for them (obligatory and optional) on the first courses made 4 hours a week. On the senior courses the classes were given for athletes of a course of sports improvement in 24 sports from 6 to 30 hours a week depending on sports readiness of educational and training groups [7].

In educational process on physical training not only trainings, but also other ways of impact on pupils were used. Visual aids, technical means of training, demonstration of educational movies, slides, etc. concerned them

Department & #34; Physical воспитания" KrasP was engaged also in scientific work. To laboratories of department there were researches on a problem & #34; medico-

biological justification of a system of physical training студентов". The subject & #34 was developed; Optimization of planning and management of educational and training process of students on the basis of a physical, psychophysiological state and social and economic факторов". This pedagogical experiment was made as in natural, and in vitro on a course of sports improvement on Greco-Roman wrestling, table tennis and high-speed swimming.

The main objective of a research consisted in increase in a functional condition of a cardiovascular and respiratory system of an organism, the general and special physical training in the preparatory period, high-speed and power qualities, in maintaining high performance at the final stage of preparation - the competitive period.

On the basis of the obtained experimental data it was succeeded to define perspective ways of improvement of a system of preparation in a year cycle. The factors determining the level of special efficiency of athletes [8] were allocated.

At the Krasnoyarsk polytechnical institute the permanent commission on the GTO complex continued to work. Directed it the vice rector for study. At different times this position was held by S.V. Arkhipov, S.A. Podlesny, etc. The faculty commissions of GTO were headed by deans. At each faculty, in all hostels and divisions of institute, sport councils worked. In KrasPI 3 review competitions on the best organization of sports and mass, sports and improving work among students of faculties, among dormitories, employees and teachers were annually organized.

At institute there was also a tradition of competitions which were devoted to professional holidays: To day of radio, mechanical engineering, power, workers of the road transport, etc. the military and sports relay among faculties and also Day of health of the students living in hostels which program, besides a track and field athletics cross-country, included also soccer competitions, to pulling of a rope and a raising of the weight [9] was devoted to the Victory Day in the Great Patriotic War.

A large number of students and employees always participated in all sporting events held at the Krasnoyarsk polytechnical institute. So, in 1979/80 uch. 32770 people - participants participated in 500 competitions. In 1987/88 uch. 20235 people - participants participated in sports and mass, sporting and improving events of a various type.

In the 1980th - the beginning of the 1990th in KrasPI 23 sports sections and 46 improving groups in which more than 1.5 thousand students were engaged worked. In improving groups of fans of run,

hardening and winter swimming, athletic gymnastics, soccer, boxing, speleo-, pedestrian and boating, rock-climbing everyone, irrespective of readiness level was engaged. In gyms of institute time for classes of sections and groups & #34 was allocated; Здоровья" faculty.

The tourist club & #34 was engaged in the organization of backpackings; Вибрам". In it the following sections worked: pedestrian tourism, mountain, water and spelunking. Practically each day off and on holidays were made one - and multi-day campaigns and travel on the rivers, in caves and mountains. Only in 1983/84 uch. the tourist club carried out 33 campaigns: 8 - pedestrian in places of fighting and labor glory in the territory of Krasnoyarsk Krai, 6 - in mountainous areas of Sayan Mountains and Tien Shan, 4 - water, 5 - ski, 15 - speleoputeshestviye in caves of Krasnoyarsk Krai. 1978 people took part in day off campaigns this year.

National teams of club & #34; Вибрам" repeatedly were winners of regional competitions. The leading tourists of club entered into the mountaineering national teams of Krasnoyarsk Krai and Russia. Were participants of the Second All-Union meeting of tourists in Yaremcha, prize-winners of zone competitions in technology of mountaineering in Yurga, etc.

Also the material resources of physical training of the Krasnoyarsk polytechnical institute expanded. So, in 1983 2 more platforms with an asphalt covering which were fenced off by captive grids were built. In two hostels, rooms & #34 were allocated and equipped; Здоровья" and sport corners. In 1985/86 uch. the town of OFP near skiing lodge is built. This year at dormitories of higher education institution there were following sports constructions: 4 volleyball courts, 2 towns of OFP, 2 platforms limited to a captive grid, one football field. In 1987/88 uch. in the gym the gym, in hostels No. 1, No. 3, No. 4 was constructed

rooms & #34 are created; Здоровья".

A significant amount of teachers and students of KrasPI achieved outstanding sports results those years. Among them: A. Shumakov is a Honoured Master of Sports, the member of national team of the USSR on Greco-Roman wrestling; V. Gruzenkin is the captain of national team of the USSR on track and field athletics (decathlon), the participant of matches of the USSR-GDR; I. Bakaleynikova is an all-around champion of Russia on rock-climbing; D. Postnov is a member of national youthful team of the USSR on track and field athletics (ranked third on the championship of the USSR in 1983); Yu. Baranova is a Master of Sports, the champion of Russia in slalom; T. Trifonenkova is a Master of Sports in sports orientation, the all-around champion of CS DSO & #34; Буревестник" etc.

of Team of the Krasnoyarsk polytechnical institute also repeatedly gained victories in various competitions. In 1979/80 uch. team

rugby players became the champion of CS DSO & #34; Буревестник" and the participant of championship of the USSR in the highest league; the team of rock-climbers - the champion of the country among students, and the team of hockey players - the silver prize-winner of a cup of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. In 1986/87 uch. the youth team of rugby players became the champion of Russia, and the team of basketball players was a participant of superiority the USSR [10].

The important place was taken by sport and in life of the Tomsk Medical Institute (TMI). At the head of this work there were always teachers of physical training and a public sports asset under the leadership of managers of departments of doctors A.A. Ego-linskogo, F.V. Sergiyev, the major general A.G Kuche-ryantsa, an edging. medical sciences O.I. Dalinger, Cand.Biol.Sci. V.A. Manveylera, edging. ped. sciences of N.A. Petukhov, chairmen of sports club P.A. Bova, M.A. Medvedev, V.Z. Kovalyov, E.D. Sukhovey, M.K. Yermilova, V.I. Galkin, E.E. Stepanov.

Special growth of sports work in TMI began in the 1960th. Then the team of boxers of institute was the strongest in area. She was trained by the student O. Egorov. In the same time fencers on sabers and a rapier successfully competed at competitions. The student Yu. Beradze - the numerous champion of the Tomsk region in fencing on sabers was their trainer.

In the 1960-1970th the progress of team on track and field athletics is connected with a name of the great teacher and athlete, participant of the Great Patriotic War, the numerous champion of Siberia, the prize-winner of Russia B.C. Uduta. In the age group he was a four-time winner of the All-Union cross-country on a prize of the newspaper & #34; Правда".

Track-and-field teams of this medical higher education institution, especially women's, constantly were among winners of traditional relays of 10х1000 m, 5х500 m and competitions of the Ministry of Health of RSFSR and the USSR. The contribution to a moneybox of sporting achievements was made S. Kalinkin (run on 100 m), by A. Orekhov (long jumps), V. Fadyu-shin (run on 800 and 1500 m), A. Potapov (run on 100 m), A. Vusik (high jumps), G. Kremer (pentathlon), G. Bragina, L. Deresheva (run on 800 and 1500 m), etc.

During the considered period of high level of skill the team of gymnasts of TMI which was headed by R.E. Sharashkin - the numerous winner of regional competitions and CS DSO & #34 reached; Медик". Gymnasts of higher education institution at that time were repeated champions of ministerial and regional competitions. P. Fomin, N. Bezrukova, T. Lobzina, F. Tetenev, L. Rudenko, G. Potapova, brothers Sergey and Alexey Kiselyov, A. Zadorozh-ny, N. Puzanova, N. Nazarova, V. Borisov, S. Mi-haylenok who was also a strong athlete took part in them.

In the late seventies - the 1980th at medical institute constantly worked 14-16 sections on sports, the movement for mass character of classes physical exercises considerably amplified, creation in hostels of clubs of health begins, the system of sports and mass work in nonlearning time reconstructs.

For broader involvement of students in sports life of higher education institution a considerable part of sporting events according to the independent program was held at faculties and in educational groups taking into account their specifics. Gaining of a large number of prize-winning places by athletes of TMI in competitions of various rank was a consequence of it. So, in 1980 the team of girls on superiority of the Ministry of Health of the USSR ranked third in cross-country skiing, in 1981 the skiers won the first place in a sports contest of the Ministry of Health of RSFSR. In 1985 the institute became the champion of zone competitions of Siberia and the Far East among medical schools on eight sports. The first place skiers, the second places - athletes, volleyball players won, the third place - basketball players.

Special pride of the Tomsk medical higher education institution - women's volleyball team & #34; Медик". Since 1984 the girls under the flag of area successfully participated in competitions on a cup of the USSR among teams of Siberia and the Far East [11].

At the Buryat agricultural institute (BURSKHI) in the late fifties - the beginning of the 1990th the quite good material and technical resources were created in general. At the disposal of athletes there was a stadium with the football field, the racetrack and sectors for jumps, throwing of a grenade and a disk. Classes in volleyball, basketball and other types were held in the wonderful full-length gym which became the venue of vnu-trivuzovsky, republican, zone competitions. At agricultural institute the free-style wrestling, boxing, cycling enjoyed wide popularity. Prominent teachers worked at department of physical training. This is the head of the department Yu.A. Akulov, veterans of work, volleyball coaches T.F. Burkin, on boxing A.G. Amgalanov, V.V. Pavlov, on free-style wrestling - G.B. Varlamov and S.V. Kalmykov, highly qualified specialists, on track and field athletics - M.V. Zyryanova, on cycling - S.D. Galsanov. The senior teachers V.A. Fomin and S.V. Kalmykov, having completed postgraduate studies at the central higher education institutions, - defended master's theses.

The department of a physical education of BurSHI achieved considerable success. Only for 1976-1980 7 Masters of Sports of the USSR were prepared: R. Budayev, V. Tsedashiyev, V. Gulgenov, A. Antonov, V. Frolov, A. Hamnagdayev and I. Osodoyev. 45 candidates for the Master of Sports, 170 athletes of the first category, 1892 - the second category, 2178 znachkist of GTO, 539 instructors social activists and 497 judges on sport are prepared. More than 2000 students became znachkist of GTO. The greatest progress in 1980/81 uch. the boxers who won first place in competitions on superiority of DSO & #34 reached; Урожай" Ministry of Agriculture of RSFSR and Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR. Students R. Budayev, A. Kondakov became prize-winners and champions. Not bad the team of fighters acted. On the championship of the Russian Federation representatives selkho-

zinstitut took the 3rd place. Such masters of free-style wrestling as students B. Darmayev, M. Osodoyev, V. Budayev, V. Ni-kulshinov, A. Bunayev became prize-winners and champions. In the international tournament on a prize of the newspaper & #34; Rural жизнь" the student of zooengineering faculty B. Darmayev took the 3rd place, on superiority of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions the student of veterinary faculty V. Nikulshinov in the final was the sixth.

Same year the team of cyclists of Bur-SHI as a part of V. Frolov, A. Antonov, V. Klochi-hin, A. Imeev, I. Stashkevich, V. Fedotova on the championship of Buryatia became the second, and at zone competitions DSO of labor unions of the Urals, Siberia and the Far East in Abakan the girls of agricultural higher education institution came to the 3rd place. The champion title on superiority of the Ministry of Agriculture of RSFSR was won by the student of the II course of economics department V. Fedotova, and on superiority of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions it executed norm and became the master of the USSR. I. Stashke-vich, V. Klochikhin and A. Imeev [12] became candidates for the Master of Sports of the USSR at the same competitions.

Founders of the Novosibirsk State University (NSU) took care not only of intellectual, but also physical development of students, having laid the foundation for a sports complex among primary and having created a kernel of department of physical training in 1959

There were years, the contingent of students increased, the department became stronger, sporting achievements began to grow. In 1963 to collective of physical education the rank of Sports club was given. The basketball, gymnastics, skiing, track and field athletics, volleyball national teams of the university for the first time participated in regional student's sports contest SDSO & #34; Буревестник". Results of debuts on a ski track and in gyms, at stadium were modest: the 11th place from 13 higher education institutions in 1962; the 9th - in 1963; the 7th - to the 1964 and 6 place - in 1965

The department constantly felt the help in the formation and in promoting of sport among students from the leading scientists FROM Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the rector, deans of faculties. As an example of a skillful combination of science and study with regular trainings by sport served academicians S.T. Belyaev, A.D. Alexandrov, V.V. Voyevodsky, R.I. Soloukhin, V.L. Makarov, professors V.Z. Zelevinsky, M.D. Shmerling, M.S. Ryvkin, V.N. Borisov, G.N. Anoshin and many others.

While the building of a sports complex was under construction, the department and sports club experienced difficulties in work due to the lack of material resources. Obligatory classes and work of sections were spent in halls at home of scientists, the hall & #34; Юность" in the building of Computer center, on the open areas.

In 1970 the builders with the active help of students and teachers of department presented to the university a gift - a sports complex from 5 halls. The department of a physical education had an opportunity to work wholeheartedly forces and knowledge.

As a result of the held events the quantity doing physical culture and sport considerably increased, grew sports achievement of teams and certain athletes. So, among higher education institutions of Russia, since the second half of the 1970th, NSU took the following places in sports meets: in 1976 - the 13th, in 1977 - the 7th, in 1978 - the 3rd, in 1979 - the 8th, in 1980 - the 5th, in 1981 - the 3rd, in 1982 the place.

For these indicators the staff of the university was marked out by the passing Red Banner of CS DSO & #34; Буревестник" Certificate of honor Minvuza of the USSR, Commemorative medal of All-Union DSO of labor unions.

As a part of national teams of RSFSR A. Puzatkin (track and field athletics) and A. Waiser (chess) became champions of the USSR, then to A. Waiser the rank of the international grand master on chess was given; E. Kowalewski became the two-time prize-winner of Europe in scuba diving as a part of national team of the USSR; I. Strakhova won a rank of the world champion in track and field athletics.

The skiing, Greco-Roman wrestling, basketball, track and field athletics, swimming, weightlifting national teams of NSU, to artistic gymnastics, chess, volleyball, mountain skiing, soccer surely held leadership among higher education institutions of Novosibirsk and successfully acted in the championships of higher education institutions of RSFSR in the I group. Success also were made in individual sports: boxing, fight of sambo and judo, firing, fencing, table tennis.

The department of a physical education and NSU sports club are proud of many athletes graduates who became the famous scientists, professors: Yu. Belov, A. Galeyev, S. Kazantsev, R. Meyermanov, A. Kazhikhov, A. Vostriko-vy, V. Nesterenko, A. Nemirovsky [13].

The contribution and the Tomsk State Pedagogical Institute (TSPI) in sporting achievements of area and Russia is considerable, pupils of trainers V.P. Razin and G.A. Danilov - Yu. Zemlyanukhin, I. Kolchin, S. Minin, B. Skornyakov executed the standard of the Master of Sports of the USSR, Yu. Ampleev became the world class master of sports and the champion of RSFSR on weightlifting. In sports circles names of world class masters of sports are well-known: N. Terebova - the winner of a cup of the USSR on cross-country skiing, the participant of the World Cup in skis; A. Yurkevich - the world champion in Greco-Roman wrestling; A. Starchenko and his pupil L. Savinova, numerous prize-winners and winners of the championships of RSFSR and USSR in sports walking.

Names of Masters of Sports in Greco-Roman wrestling - I. Seletnikov, the numerous winner and the prize-winner of the championships of Russia, V. Sukhoplyuev and A. Bolobko, members of national teams of the country, twice the Master of Sports B. Yevstigneyev are not less known. Progress of athletes E. Okorokov, A. Zyuzin, V. Kleshchenogov, V. Kuznetsov, O. Druzhinina and many others is powerful. The most titled from them - E. Okorokov, the champion of the country among youth, the participant of a world championship & #34; Cross-country наций" the participant of the Olympic Games on marathon race. As well as many other famous athletes, it is prepared by M.I. Karmanov at the time managing department of sports disciplines of TGPI.

Students, employees and graduates of department of sport disciplines of the Tomsk teacher's college were attracted more than once as organizers and judges of various sports competitions including the championships of the USSR and the international competitions. The best of them - K. Klimentyev, A. Milova-nova. V. Razin, Yu. Sukhov, V. Hilkevich, N. Yurov, etc. - are awarded ranks of judges of all-Union category, many had a rank of judges of republican category [14].

It would be unfair to ignore the negative phenomena which were found in activities of collectives of higher educational institutions of Siberia for development of physical culture and sport. The following facts pay attention to it. In the certificate of the Omsk regional committee of the CPSU (May, 1984) of a condition of sports and mass work in higher education institutions of the regional center it was noted that because of insufficient material resources in a number of institutes (polytechnical, automobile and road, veterinary) obligatory exercises on older years are not given. Technical equipment on game and winter sports in most institutions of higher education of Omsk very low. In the reference it was also said that departments of a physical education can provide with skis only the tenth part of students, i.e. about three thousand, at the contingent of day training over 32 thousand pupils. Situation on providing with skates, a hockey form, balls is even worse. Skiing lodges, rental centers of sports equipment have only separate higher education institutions [15].

Despite the specified defects the physical training in the Siberian higher education institutions in the late fifties - the beginning of the 90th of the 20th century continued process of the improvement, the material resources were increased, the number of Masters of Sports and just good athletes increased, considerable care of health of students was shown that well affected quality of their study.

LIST OF REFERENCES

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Mikkelsen Inger
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