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Teleconference Obninsk-Hong Kong



telemost Obninsk-Hong Kong

In October, 1994 the radio relay line between the Medical Radiological Research Center in Obninsk and Moscow is put into operation. An exit through Moscow to terminals of satellite communication opened opportunities for telecommunication contacts of MRNC with scientific centers in Russia and is far beyond its limits. It allows to use actively hi-tech methods of processing and transfer of a digital and video information and is an important contribution to development of one of the most relevant directions of modern medicine - telemedicine.

Creation of the radio relay line - the first stage of the MASCOT project (Ensuring medical consultations by means of telecommunication communication). This project is implemented within the International program of WHO for studying medical consequences of the Chernobyl accident (IPHECA). The main contribution to financing of the project is made by the government of Japan. The equipment delivered to Russia - about 500 tons - included not only means of an electronic communication, but also the device for obtaining computer and television images of cytologic and histologic medicines, roentgenograms, sonogramm, materials of radionuclide diagnostics.

Specialists of the Japanese firms - Basic Association, NTT, NEC, FUJISU and also scientific and production association & #34 took part in completing, installation and adjusting; Планета" and MrNts Russian Academy of Medical Science (Russia). The television equipment for medical television station is provided through WHO and the International Telecommunication Union by the German firm Deutsche Telekom Bundespost.

The value of telecommunication communication for medicine and, in particular, for the solution of the problems connected with consequences of the Chernobyl accident is defined by many factors. It is fast transfer of big arrays of information that will allow to exchange data between the Russian state medico-dosimetric register and other registers and information bases. It is holding television conferences. It is the organization of the emergency consultations on difficult medical and diagnostic cases with demonstration of necessary images. It is multichannel telephone and fax communication, e-mail.

The first practical check of opportunities of the telecommunication system created on the MASCOT project took place on October 14, 1994. This day a teleconference between Obninsk and Hong Kong where at that time there took place the international conference on telepathology was held. On air scientific MRNC met colleagues from many countries of the world. During a teleconference two cases of cancer of thyroid gland at the children living in the territory of the Bryansk region polluted by radionuclides were in details discussed. On screens in Obninsk and Hong Kong the experts saw the images of a thyroid gland received as a result of an ultrasonic and radionuclide research, morphological micromedicines of a tumor clearly. Foreign colleagues agreed with the conclusions and the conclusions drawn by experts MRNC. Thereby, diagnoses were verified, the optimum strategy of further treatment is defined.

Carrying out a teleconference became possible thanks to the huge help from many national and international organizations, departments and institutions: WHO, International Telecommunication Union, Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry Rossii, Russian Academy of Medical Science, Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation, NPO & #34; Планета" INTELSAT, DETECON, Hong Kong TELECOM, Obninsk TV company CINV and others.

At a ceremonial opening of the radio relay communication line Obninsk-Moscow greetings from the Russian Academy of Medical Science, Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry and Emercom of Russia, from the Union & #34 sounded; Чернобыль" from firms and the enterprises of Japan and Germany. The message from the CEO of WHO professor H. Nakadzhima was read by his first assistant, the academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Science N.P. Napalkov.

Development of telecommunication equipment of doctors - not only the new evidence of growth of potential of medicine on the basis of scientific and technological progress, but also a striking example of the international humanitarian cooperation for human health.

Russian-Japanese symposium

On October 20-21, 1994 there passed the Russian-Japanese symposium with participation of representatives of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan on a subject & #34; Problems of reconstruction of individual doses of radiation owing to large-scale radiation accidents and assessment radiation рисков".

The program of a symposium provided the comparative analysis of the medical and dosimetric problems which resulted from radiation failures and explosions of nuclear devices in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in Chernobyl in the Chelyabinsk region, in the Semipalatinsk and Altai regions and Tomsk-7. Leading experts in the field of dosimetry, radiation medicine, radiobiology and radio epidemiology took part in work of the symposium organized by Ministry of Atomic Energy of Russia, the Russian scientific commission on radiation protection, the Medical Radiological Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and Scientific association on nuclear safety of Japan. Among them - L.A. Ilyin, A.F. Tsyb, P.V. Ramzayev, A.K. Guskova, L.A. Buldakov, D.P. Osanov, A.V. Akleev, M.M. Kosenko, I.A. Likhtarev, A.Yu. Prisyazhnyuk, Ya.E. Kenigsberg and others (CIS), and from the Japanese side - the president of Scientific association on nuclear safety E. Tadzhima, professors K. Mabuchi, N. Hayada, N. Nakamura, representatives of other scientific centers of Japan.

On a symposium experimental and computational and theoretical approaches to retrospective restoration of the absorbed doses received detailed discussion from external and internal radiation. Results of reconstruction of the doses caused by transuranium elements, & #34 were of special interest; hot частицами" and radioactive iodine after the Chernobyl accident and also 239 Rhee at the enterprise & #34; Маяк". The latest data on radiatsionnoepidemiologichesky consequences of bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, radiative effects in South Ural and in Altai, about dynamics of an epidemiological situation were provided to participants in the areas affected by the Chernobyl accident. Medical information concerned the most various categories - professionals of the nuclear industry, liquidators, children and the adult population living in the territories polluted by radionuclides. Much attention was paid to validity of correlation of medical effects with dose characteristics.

The symposium became a noticeable step in determination of modern level of knowledge of regularities of communication of physical parameters of radiation with the direct and remote medical consequences, in formation of the directions of further researches and the international cooperation in this sphere.

Some materials presented on a symposium are planned to be published in one of the next releases of the Bulletin & #34; Radiation and риск".

Ackermann Harald
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