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Department of a source study and historiography of the Nizhny Novgorod state university

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A.A. Kuznetsov, D.A. Nikolaev


The department of a source study and historiography on department of history of N.I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod was organized in 1990 for 1) improvements of quality of educational process at faculty and 2) carrying out scientific research on the history of the Fatherland on the basis of in-depth study of historical sources and wide historiographic criticism with attraction of techniques of researches in the field of auxiliary historical disciplines.

2 professors (V.P. Makarikhin, V.Ya. Dobrokhotov), 3 associate professors (V.N. Rusinov, D.Yu. Krivtsov, A.A. Kuznetsov), 2 senior teachers (D.A. Nikolaev, A.M. Goreva), 1 assistant (N.A. Ishimikley), 5 graduate students and 4 applicants are a part of department. The head of the department - the doctor of historical sciences, professor V.P. Makarikhin.

Teachers of department give lectures, give a practical and seminar training, consultations, hold offsets and exams in a historiography of national history, a source study of history of the Fatherland, Old Russian language, domestic paleography, auxiliary historical disciplines, a technique of teaching history and many other training courses and special courses.

The main areas and the directions of research work of department are: 1) a domestic historiography of HVSh - the 20th centuries, 2) institutes of local government in Russia and in Nizhny Novgorod HVSh - the beginnings of the 20th centuries, 3) scientific processing of a collection of hand-written and old printing books of a main library of UNN of N.I. Lobachevsky, 4) development of techniques of researches in the field of auxiliary historical disciplines (genealogy, heraldry, a veksillografiya, paleography and others), 5) an archaeography, 6) topical issues of military history of Russia and the USSR.

The department acted as the organizer and the co-organizer of 10 scientific conferences: "Mininsky readings" in 1994, 1996, 1999 and 2000, "110 years since day of foundation of the Nizhny Novgorod provincial registration archival commission" in 1997, "Problems of local and central political symbolics (500 years to the State symbol of Russia)" in 1997, "Old Russian book tradition and modern national literature" in 1998, "Days of Slavic writing and culture" in 1998, "Problems of a historiography and a source study" in 1999, "The intellectuals in Russia at the turn of the century" in 1998

On the basis of department it is organized and constantly the scientific and methodical seminar on studying source study and historiographic questions of history of pre-revolutionary Russia works. Its main objective is to establish effective cooperation between historians-istochnikovedami, graduate students and students humanists of Nizhny Novgorod in a research of the problems stated above, in generalization of results of historical researches of participants of a seminar, in studying positive experience and its introduction in educational and scientific practice.

Since 1990 the staff of department published more than 150 scientific works. It is necessary to distinguish monographs by V.P. Makarikhin from them "The provincial scientific archival commissions of Russia" (N. Novgorod, 1991), "Tatar Mishars during Modern times" (N. Novgorod, 1997) and "East Meshchora in the Middle Ages (N. Novgorod, 1998), the monograph by V.Ya. Dobrokhotov "Theoretical problems historical

sciences" (N. Novgorod, 1997).

Teachers of department, besides the main work, took part in developing the skills of staff of administration of the Nizhny Novgorod Region - gave lectures, advised on problems of political history of Russia, local and all-Russian political symbolics and also cooperated in the "Mestnoye Samoupravleniye Nizhegorodskoy Oblasti" magazine.

Professor V.P. Makarikhin took active part in actions for preparation of the regional decree "About the Coat of Arms of the Nizhny Novgorod Region", developed projects of the coats of arms of the regional centers of the Nizhny Novgorod Region. At the request of Legislative assembly and administration of the Nizhny Novgorod Region in 1999 - 2000 he, together with other staff of department, developed programs of actions and spent days of remembrance of Kozma Minin and Days of glory of the Nizhny Novgorod militia of 1612 P. Makarikhin was repeatedly awarded with diplomas of Legislative assembly, is a winner of an award of

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Nizhny Novgorod, has letters of thanks from the governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Region I.P. Sklyarov.

The staff of department repeatedly acted on pages of the local and central press and also in transfers of radio and television of the Nizhny Novgorod Region concerning the history of the Fatherland, heraldry, genealogy, arts education at schools, higher education institutions and other educational and obshchestvennokulturny institutions of Nizhny Novgorod.

The prospects of development of department for the next 5-year term look as follows.

It is necessary to make every effort for opening of specialized Council for protection of theses for a degree of the candidate of historical sciences on a profile of department. As an intermediate step in this direction - to open at department a magistracy and a postgraduate study on a source study and a historiography.

In the scientific sphere it is necessary to try to obtain from the staff of department, as well as all department of history of UNN, practical application of methods of a complex source study in the field of historical knowledge, to increase the level of source study and historiographic criticism of scientific works by the organization of discussions, seminars, debates and drawing up reviews. Special attention is planned to be paid to further scientific development of current problems of an archaeography, genealogy, heraldry, textual criticism, archeology and other disciplines. Let's notice that the great concern is caused in department by broad publikatorsky activity of the persons which are not carrying out preliminary external and internal criticism of the published sources at all that leads sometimes to distortion of the historical truth, a rough misinterpretation of national history. It is necessary to draw the attention of wide circles of scientific community to need of critical studying works of pseudo-historians.

For development of a complex source study it is supposed to create creative research groups of teachers and students and also specialized research laboratories (the program of activity of laboratory for studying problems of heraldry and genealogy is already developed). It is necessary to encourage activity of "Russian of historical society" with which for a number of years scientists of the Nizhny Novgorod Region successfully cooperated.

Long and laborious work on explanation both in the scientific environment, and in circles of the general public of the correct understanding of a subject and problems of a source study and a historiography is necessary to staff of department, focusing attention that these areas of historical knowledge define true scientific shape of History. The department of a source study and historiography will continue researches in the field of the socio-political history of Russia by attraction of a maximum of reliable sources, synthesizing the available extensive experience of the Russian historical science.

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Natalie Spencer
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