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Patriarch of the Russian surgery

v to article the main milestones of life and activity of the famous Russian scientist, patriarch of a domestic surgical thought, the founder of large scientific surgical school, the organizer and the first rector of three universities — the Saratov, Tiflissky and Baku, honored worker of science of RSFSR, the doctor of medicine, professor Vasily Ivanovich Razumovsky are lit

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(To the 150 anniversary since the birth of professor V.I. Razumovsky)

P.V. Glybochko, G.A. Bluvstein, V.A. Solomonov, V.I. Katz

Saratov state medical university

It is difficult to overestimate a role and value of university education in the history of world and domestic science, education and culture. From the moment of the origin, constantly developing and being improved, the universities as professor V.I. Razumovsky noted, "represented a cradle of European civilization and culture. They were successors of classical schools..." The university not only gave necessary knowledge, it "broadened intellectual horizons of all picture of the teaching". In other words, the universities were not considered as educational institutions of exclusively professional education and were not aimed only at providing the necessary volume of any given knowledge in daily practical activities. Pupils of the university had to take out the general skills of intellectual work by means of which they would be able to master all subtleties of a special subject of classes from its walls. The university was urged to create the person in the best value of this word.

To this to definition comprehensive professional moral completely there corresponds also the course of life of the founder of big surgical school, the brilliant diagnostician and doctor who left an indelible mark in the history of domestic academic and clinical medicine, the honored worker of science of RSFSR, the doctor of medicine, professor Vasily Ivanovich Razumovsky.

V.I. Razumovsky on March 27 (on April 8), 1857 in the village of Efimovka of the Buzuluk County of the Samara province in family of the poor rural priest where was born, according to his daughter is S.V. Razumovskoy, "that strong foundation on which all subsequent life, activity and V.I. Razumovsky's outlook were under construction was laid.

Because of possession of many children and low-security of family of Razumovsky the young man had to get further education in those educational institutions which supported pupils into the state account: he was sent at first to the Samara spiritual school, and then to theological seminary. However soon V.I. Razumovs-

the cue realized that it cannot reconcile with career of the priest. In 1874 he left seminary and passed into the 8th class of the Samara gymnasium which ended in a year with a gold medal.

Vasily Ivanovich decided to continue further education at the Kazan university at medical faculty. "At the Kazan university, - one of his numerous pupils and biographers wrote, - Vasily Ivanovich deeply and thoroughly worked a course of medical sciences and was marked out by the fellow students as the serious and diligent student, and professors - as young, capable, promising. It chose surgery the specialty".

Scientific activity of V.I. Razumovsky began during rapid development of surgery in Russia. The domestic surgical science gave to N.I. Pirogov, N.V. Sklifosovsky's world. Vasily Ivanovich witnessed the birth in Russia of the first periodic surgical magazine "Hirurgichesky Vestnik" (1885), work of the First Congress of the Russian doctors in N.I. Pirogov's memory (1885) and the First Russian congress of surgeons (1900).

Still the student V.I. Razumovsky was nominated by the fellow students (a case for those times very unusual) the candidate for an internship of the surgical clinic headed by professor M.V. - Nikolsky who was replaced shortly by L.L. Levshin. By this time also the first scientific reports of V.I. Razumovsky read to them in the company of the Kazan doctors belong. Later he participated in work on the edition of "The diary of society of doctors at the Kazan university", doing for it various scientific reviews and papers. Along with study in an internship Vasily Ivanovich taught anatomy and surgery at the medical assistant's school which was located near hospital.

Being left at the Kazan university "for preparation for a professorial rank", Vasily Ivanovich entirely plunged into scientific work that was promoted in no small measure by the professorial grant (600 rubles a year) provided to him at insistance of the dean of medical faculty professor P.M. Gvozdev. At the same time, its owner could define independently any of the university cities in which he would prefer to improve the scientific knowledge. V.I. Razumovsky's choice stopped on St.-Petersburg, but not so much because in it there were "good clinics and hospitals and good laboratories at army medical college" how many from desire "to broaden the scientific and vital horizons, to get acquainted with other scientific world, and, above all to look at other surgeons, except the Lefthander-on and Studensky, my first teachers".

Since October, 1883 Vasily Ivanovich's attention was entirely concentrated on the pilot and histologic study of atrophic processes in bones after recutting of nerves conducted in pathoanatomical laboratory of professor N.P. Ivanovsky at Military medical academy. Being fluent German and French in languages, having access to the richest library storages, he in November, 1884 could present to the Conference of Military medical academy the thesis on degree of the doctor of medicine. Official opponents on its protection (passed,

by the way, it is very brilliant) such stars of the Russian medicine as the pathologist N.P. Ivanovsky and surgeons P.P. Palekhin and I.I. Nasilov, confirmed the obvious fact with the scientific authority acted: V.I. Razumovsky is the inquisitive, creatively conceiving experimenter who is interested in neurosurgery problems.

Soon after return to Kazan the 27-year-old doctor of medicine was elected the anatomist (1885) on department of the operational surgery directed by his teacher - professor N.I. Studensky who was not only the vigorous surgeon, but also the talented scientist with original scientific thinking. In 1886 I. Razumovsky becomes privatdozent, and in a year - extraordinary professor of department of operational surgery of the Kazan university with simultaneous management of Aleksandrovsky territorial hospital of surgical office (for petty bourgeoises and handicraftsmen). According to P.I. Tikhov, combination of theoretical and practical work allowed Vasily Ivanovich to develop "brilliant technique of expeditious receptions which is evident to each attendee at his operations".

4 May, 1896 it carried out the Russia's first operation on removal of motive think-tanks at cortical epilepsy. In a year, March 25, 1897, it made the first-ever successful operation for the sharp purulent me-diastinit at the sick child with a gunshot wound. In 1898 the scientist offered a technique of radical operation at patients with inguinal hernias without submersible seams.

"Annually from my clinic, - the scientist remembered subsequently, - left scientific my works and moikhuchenik. I consisted the editor of 2 scientific publications ("The Russian surgery" and "R [ussky] surgical] archive"), took active part in the Russian congresses (surgical, Pirogovsky), etc. Those years I was exclusively busy with scientific and teaching activity and was quite satisfied with it". Vasily Ivanovich had many talented pupils: "the most great happiness for the clinical physician's professor, - he said more than once, it to have successful and capable assistants".

About special merits of V.I. Razumovsky says also the fact that he was the first elective dean of medical faculty of the Kazan university (1905). However various "... meetings (Council, Board, the different commissions, etc.) distracted it from direct professorial duties and slowed down clinical and scientific work which had to be provided, mainly, to assistants" therefore at the end of 1907 it left a dekanstvo entirely to be given to scientific surgery.

In a year, being in transit in St. Petersburg, V.I-. Razumovsky received from the minister of national education A.N. Schwartz the offer to undertake the organization and a rektorstvo at the new university in the Southeast of Russia where before there were no higher educational institutions. For the scientist such turn of events was absolutely unexpected. "If someone told me then, - Vasily Ivanovich remembered later, - that I will pass to university administrative activity soon, I would not believe: I had neither desire, nor inclination to it".

The minister not accidentally offered the place of the first rector and builder of the Saratov university to professor V.I. Razumovsky. Those years it used broad popularity "... and not only as the surgeon with big scientific authority, but also as the person of courageous, independent judgments, integral moral shape" that allowed the medical public to consider already then it "conscience of the Russian doctor".

In 1906 Vasily Ivanovich "as the dean, accepted on medical faculty several women (1215). The minister then when they already were on the 2nd course, demanded their dismissal as illegally accepted", and spring of 1908 I. Razumovsky personally went to speak with the minister. "I asked it, - he wrote, - to leave women at the university, not "to break their life"; especially as they are not guilty. If lawlessness is made, then it is made not by them, but us; therefore, and we have to be punished". So thanks to persistence and V.I. Razumovsky's persistence the first women got to the Kazan university.

Advanced views of the scientist are demonstrated also by other, earlier episode from its biography. The IX Pirogovsky congress which is immediately announced by the government "seditious" gathered in Moscow in January, 1904. Professor V.I. Razumovsky supervised his work. In the speech at opening of a congress he stated a number of provisions and the ideas courageous and progressive for those times: "Medicine, pursuing the humane aims, only then carries out the task when the medical grant is available to anything needing it, without distinction of a state, social standing, etc. Kind of highly there was a scientific medicine in any country, but so far its help is available only to the few elite, this country cannot be proud of its progress". It is remarkable also that "Plehve summoned the chairman twice, threatening to close a congress and to disperse "the revolution center". Twice, - S.P. Shilovtsev noticed about it, - Vasily Ivanovich listened to his sharp threats, but, firmly protecting congress positions, resolutely refused to change the agenda which included questions of the organization of national health care". After the congress V.I. Razumovsky's authority among the medical public grew up even more.

It is possible for this reason the minister of national education also stopped the choice on V.I. Razumovsky as the most acceptable candidate for a post of the rector of the Saratov university, doing, thus, certain concessions to public opinion.

V.I. Razumovsky's image as person benevolent, sensitive, located to communication, remained and multiplied throughout all his long life. On a post of the rector of the Saratov university as privatdozents of the Kharkiv university M.I. Svetukhin and V.V. Favr stated, "a .luchshy choice was difficult to be made: All Razumovsky, the strong mind and deep soul, was given to creation of the new university. As we will add small, but characteristic feature, they wrote, - that, having arrived to Saratov, Razumovsky refused private practice of the surgeon, despite persistent invitations of rich clients; here he is entirely the rector of the university!"

With V.I. Razumovsky's arrival in the summer of 1909 to Saratov its tireless activity was developed. Well - wives there was a remarkable organizing talent, experience that from to create such educational institution as the university. Years of the organization and construction of the Saratov university were for the scientist nearly the most difficult in life.


Under its direct management formed also the first structure of university professorate. For V.I. Razumovsky it was not indifferent at all together with whom he should lay the foundation for the Saratov university school of sciences further. He wished to see in the assistants people talented, initiative, vigorous and honest. Thanks to his cares at the Saratov university from the very first days there was quite strong faculty. Among the first professors there were people entirely devoted to science and the higher education. These are professors of the Kazan university: I.A. Chuyevsky (on department of physiology with performance of duties of the dean of medical faculty), V.V. Worms (on department of physiological chemistry, appointed also the vice rector), A.Ya. Gordyagin (on department of botany); privatdozents of the Moscow university: V.D. Zyornov (on department of physics), B.I. Birukov (on department of zoology with comparative anatomy and parasitology); the privatdozent of the Novorossiysk university N.G. Stadnitsky (on department of normal anatomy).

After the ceremonial opening of the university which took place on December 6, 1909 under the chairmanship of his first rector professor V.I. Razumovsky, there began the hard work the Construction commission on construction of own university cases. Vasily Ivanovich and the architect-builder K.L. Myufke often until late at night sat up in a study of the rector, considering and discussing projects of buildings in all of them details and an identity.

It was necessary to save means, trying to discover cheaper contracts, and at the same time constantly to control quality of construction. Vasily Ivanovich considered that conscientious and correct technical supervision is extremely necessary. Also need of observance of safety measures of construction works was added to these problems. "If good technical supervision is important as a guarantee of the correct and strong construction, - he noticed,

>- that for me as for the doctor, he is even more important as the means preventing accidents and misfortunes with workers. From surgical practice I know how these misfortunes at constructions with mutilations are frequent at us, the victims, etc. We during all the time of construction (several years, at several sta of workers) had no such misfortunes, except for slight injuries. & lt;...> The Saratov university is constructed not on bones, - and for us the poem by Nekrasov about the railroads and bones of workers does not sound a reproach". Even when in the city there was cholera epidemic, among workers, thanks to sanitary actions, there was no case. Vasily Ivanovich with pride said: "And now, later for many years, these facts bring me high moral satisfaction!".

To the questions connected directly with construction and arrangement of the university, dobavlya-

las still constant fight against any intriguers and swindlers who got used "to heat hands" on similar large state constructions. "After long years of rather quiet and academic life, - V.I. Razumovsky remembered, - I already elderly person plunged into this everyday dirt and thanked the lucky stars that I was provided with the honest architect and technical supervision".

In May, 1912 messages about refusal of professor V.I. Razumovsky again to run for the rector of the university were published in local newspapers. At the meeting of Council of the university which took place on May 7, explaining the reasons of the refusal, he said: "I have the right not to announce the candidacy for elections especially as among members of council there are persons working together with me from foundation of the Saratov university and, therefore, with the same experience as well as at me; I do not doubt, - the scientist emphasized, - that with their participation (in case of their choice) further development of the Nikolaev university will go correctly. As far as I can, as the member of council, I will promote in every way it, but I refuse to be in administration of the university".

According to S.P. Shilovtsev, the aspiration of the rector to protect the interests of students was the reason of resignation of V.I. Razumovsky. Vasily Ivanovich in the "Surgical memoirs" noted that he "suffered for construction affairs", specifying at the same time: "It was in general the difficult period, - Razumovsky wrote, - the black cloud hung over Saratov Un [iversit] volume; stopped existence, upon the demand of the trustee scientific student's] a circle names of N.I. Pirogov, had to stop, according to his requirement, private (family) collections of teachers At [niversita] that; hardly it was succeeded to defend from an exception of 7 people of students; the trustee himself arrived on the year act (on December 6th) and demanded from me that on the act there were no speeches of individuals, etc."

Apparently, the true reason of resignation of V.I. - Razumovsky were not so much student's disorders, how many unwillingness of the scientist to silently behold humiliation and lawlessness of the Russian universities. In the conditions of continuous shadowing and denunciations from police, the amplifying pressure from the Ministry of national education he, owing to the advanced beliefs, could not be reconciled with the events. The scientist did not want to go against own principles to please of reaction and could not. The ministry apprehended such refusal with cold silence and, naturally, did not make difficulties for resignation of honored professor.

L.A. Kasso, perhaps, also dreamed to get rid finally of the "obstinate" scientist, but fire him from the university without the reasons, strong on that, even the "omnipotent" minister of national education could not: by then V.I. Razumovsky was already honored professor (he received this rank in 1911) and had a 25-year pedagogical experience that granted to it legitimate right to remain as a part of the Saratov university as supernumerary professor.

After V.I. Razumovsky's refusal of exposure of the candidate on rectorial elections, Council of the university as old academic traditions demanded that, elected a ballot to this

post of professor I.A. Chuyevsky. But such result of elections did not meet approval in the Ministry of national education, and their results were cancelled.

According to the order of the minister L.A. Kasso professor N.G. Stadnitsky, "for this role absolutely improper" was appointed the acting as the rector.

From the very beginning of the activity in a new position it led resolute and uncompromising fight against any manifestations of liberalism. Not to pay attention in the created situation to hypocrisy and hypocrisy it was difficult. And most of the Saratov scientists well understood it. But, perhaps, more than someone another, the approaching danger to university traditions and foundations understood the former rector of the university professor V.I. Razumovsky. Emphasizing it, the chief of the Saratov provincial gendarme management on inquiry of the governor reported: "The former rector, professor Razumovsky who was repeatedly violating the current university charter of 1884 undoubtedly is at the head of oppositional group, and it is equal also circulars of the minister of national education, the article of the law. Professor Razumovsky strongly counteracted when choosing professor Stadnitsky in board members of the university, in deans of medical faculty and in rectors, well knowing the right beliefs & lt;...> Stadnitsky..." The last, in turn, too was not idle and as the daughter of the first rector of the Saratov university Yu.V. Razumovskaya remembered, is constant "caused the father many troubles the intrigues and denunciations".

Noting personal merits of the scientist in the organization of the medical and sanitary help in the years of World War I, first of all, it is necessary to point to his active participation in the military and sanitary organizations of Saratov. Along with direct medical and surgical activity he was a consultant of society of the Red Cross, the chief physician of all nine surgical hospitals of "The territorial union", participated for choice from the Saratov zemstvo in work of congresses of city and territorial representatives in Moscow on whom various organizational issues on assistance to wounded and crippled soldiers were discussed.

In 1914 V.I. Razumovsky's energy was directed to the solution of tasks of the organization of field surgery on the Caucasian front. As Vasily Ivanovich's pupil, professor N.N. Nazarov wrote, ".raneny and crippled found in him a rare combination of huge force of knowledge, experience and love for the neighbor and everything, with special organizational talents, directed to simplification of ikhstra-daniye".

Questions of the organization of the help to wounded and the injured soldiers always were important in V.I. Razumovsky's work. During this period he takes active part in work of a congress of city and territorial representatives in Moscow, and in 1916 - the XIV congress of the Russian surgeons.

On March 3, 1916 Vasily Ivanovich received a three-week business trip on the Western front for the organization of the surgical help to wounded, and on November 6 the same year "the personalized Royal order given to the Ruling Senate", to it "All -

most graciously poveleno to be a Companion of the General manager the State Health care". But in that quality V.I. Razumovsky stayed not for long: the bill of establishment of the State health care did not pass in the State Duma.

In 1917, having appeared in Transcaucasia, V.I. Razumovsky created in Tiflis two new higher educational institutions - the Transcaucasian Russian university and traumatologic institute. Having moved in 1919 to Baku, it with energy inherent in it undertook the embodiment of similar plans and on the new place. As a result the scientific community learned about birth of the third V.I. Razumovsky connected with a name of the university - Baku. It is remarkable that in the first academic year it professors-to faculty members totaled 44 persons, including 12 professors.

In October, 1920 I. Razumovsky came back to the native Saratov university where within ten next years managed department of propaedeutic surgery (general surgery).

Soon around the glorified scientist there was a close circle of supporters, mainly of the young and capable staff of propaedeutic clinic who vividly was interested both in questions in practical surgery, and research work. Entered him

A.G. Brzhozovsky, S.L. Kolyubakin, A.A. Kozyrev, N.N. - Nazarov, S.P. Shilovtsev, S.H. Arkhangelsky (later they became professors managing surgical departments), M.N. Kusheva, A.A. Krylov, V.V. Krapivin, A.N. Nikolaev, A.P. Vachugov, M.F. Ivanova-Lavrova, And. Item Kalyazin, A.T. Lopatnikova, N.N. Malinovsky, E.P. Makarova, A.N. Nevsky, B.S. Nikolsky and many others.

The student circle of department left surgeons famous subsequently: E.N. Voskresensky, N.I-. Golubev, N.V. Gerasimov, A.Ya. Demidov, L.V. Davidson, G.V. Leonov, V.V. Krapivin, B.A. Nikitin, S.P. - Shilovtsev, V.N. Chernyshev.

From 1920 to 1930 the richest clinical material was collected by professor V.I. Razumovsky and the staff of his clinic. The number of the operations executed in clinic, according to N.N. Nazarov, considerably exceeded a similar indicator in other large clinics, including clinics of professors A.V. Martynov and S.I. Spasokukotsky. For the same period in V.I. Razumovsky's clinic dozens of scientific research which found the reflection in 250 printing works 40 of which were executed were issued on pages prestigious scientific and medical editions of Europe and America.

Criterion of high level of surgical clinics of that time were stomach surgeries. In ten years by the staff of clinic of professor V.I. - their Razumovsky it was made 692 whereas in hospital clinic of professor S.I. Spasokukotsky - 372, and in hospital surgical clinic of professor S.P. Fedorov at Army medical college for the much bigger period of time (26 years) - only 519 similar operations.

At the beginning of the surgical career V.I. Razumovsky began to carry out new urological operations, offered original techniques and seams on a bladder. Its invaluable experience was adopted by pupils who in clinic of the general surgery for -

syat years executed 235 surgical interventions on urinogenital bodies. At the same time 116 operations were executed on kidneys.

In clinic the operation of change of mochetochnik in a rectum on a way of Tikhov, the pupil V.I. Razumovsky was mastered and successfully executed in five cases. N.N. Nazarov described observation of change of mochetochnik in a rectum to the patient with cancer of a bladder to which then with success removed a bladder. Successful were operations of primary seam of an urethra at its gaps and a resection at striktura, though were multi-stage, difficult and demanding great skills and knowledge of urology. It is only possible to be surprised to the surgical equipment of staff of clinic of V.I. Razumovsky who carried out reconstructive and recovery operations, without having good anesthesia, coagulators, sutural material, antibiotics and other conditions for modern surgeries.

Operations at tubercular defeat of an appendage or small egg carried out by Razumovsky's technique; in total 5 such operations, and in one case - on both sides were made.

Surrounded with love and respect of pupils, colleagues and patients, in 1923 for outstanding public scientific merits V.I. Razumovsky was awarded ranks by "Hera Truda".

In 1926 the medical public of Russia celebrated 45-year anniversary of medical and pedagogical activity of the scientist. Professors and pupils, scientific organizations from every quarter of great Russia welcomed the patriarch of the Russian surgery. Students saw off him the car shouts of delight, love and respect. At this time Saratov a gubis-regiment provided it in lifelong use one of the best mansions in Saratov, having exempted at the same time from payment of all utilities.

Despite of age, Vasily Ivanovich constantly shared the knowledge, thoughts, the ideas with youth, transferring the rare human qualities, first of all love for people and surgical activity, care of the sick person. These principles it kept all the long life and never changed them.

Can only be surprised the working capacity, erudition and constant interest to a klyubimomudel which were shown by V.I. Razumovsky. At the 2nd Volga region scientific congress of doctors which was taking place in Saratov on June 4-9, 1927 he made in a plenary session the report "Physical education as prevention of diseases" then he took active part in a discussion on problems of surgical cancer therapy of a lower lip, hemorrhoids, cholelithiasis, an ugly face, food of patients after interventions on a stomach, the zavorot of a blind gut, treatment of purulent surgical diseases. On all these questions

V.I. Razumovsky performed not only with the opinion, but provided data of scientific literature, the analysis of clinical observations and accurately made recommendations. In concluding remarks he summed up the results of work and kindly spoke those new directions which were considered at a congress. In December, 1927 he also participated in work of the VI resort congress which was taking place in Moscow.

On April 27, 1930 V.I. Razumovsky made the last operation, having executed it on own

to a method. Wetting by 70% alcohol of a trunk of a sciatic nerve to the patient having his neuralgia came to the end with good therapeutic success. The same year, having celebrated semicentennial anniversary of the medical, public, scientific and pedagogical work, it left department of the general surgery.

V.I. Razumovsky spent the last years of life in Yessentuki where he finally moved from Saratov in 1931 after the tragic events which concerned his family - arrest of OGPU on false charge of the son, Vadim Vasilyevich Razumovsky, and his execution. But even this personal tragedy and a serious illness did not prevent it and on Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region to continue to be engaged actively in scientific educational and pedagogical activity. Being the chairman of scientific and resort council, V.I. Razumovsky made the most interesting reports on treatment of cholecystitises in Yessentuki, about value of physiotherapy exercises, about medical factors of mineral waters. He paid to diseases of bodies of the movement and their scientific classification much attention. So far in him remained though a drop of former force, Vasily Ivanovich gave lectures on courses of vra-whose-balneologists, was a constant consultant for the organization of medical matter in health resorts of Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region, participated in development of construction plans of resorts.

Spring of 1934 when V.I. Razumovsky was 77 years old, the first symptoms of a horrible disease - stomach cancer appeared. Vasily Ivanovich knew about the disease and one year prior to death itself made himself the unfavourable diagnosis. But despite this he did not stop the usual activity - accepted patients in policlinic, gave lectures, participated in training of the management on practical surgery, etc. In Yessentuki S.I. Spasokukotsky wrote about life and activity of the scientist: "Already at the age of 72 years, having full authority for rest, In [asily] And [vanovich] preferred to direct the efforts for assistance to development of resort business on Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region. And here it gave a model of vigorous, objective, strictly scientific work, remaining the hero of work till last day of the life".

In the last days of life of the patient worried several joyful minutes: participants of the XXIII All-Union congress of surgeons which was taking place in Leningrad sent the touching welcome telegram to his name.

7 July, 1935 at 3 o'clock in the morning the life of this big and light person broke. He was buried at the city cemetery in Yessentuki. Thousands of citizens and vacationers came to say goodbye to the famous figure of domestic health care. Its grave carefully remains up to that moment, on it the stone plate with a bronze barelye-is established

fy scientist of work of his daughter, Moscow artist Yulia Vasilyevna Razumovskaya.

Functioning till last day of the life, V.I. Razumovsky continued to work, always remembering own saying: "Service to medicine is not only service to science, but also art because life is the highest beauty".

Dedicated work of Vasily Ivanovich Razumovsky considering himself only by a small particle of the people for the sake of which and for which he lived it also worked was awarded many high awards and honors both to, and after the revolution. In different years he was an owner of three honorary titles: honored professor (1911), GeroyaTrud (1923) and the honored worker of science of RSFSR (1934), was the gentleman of nine awards of the Russian Empire

>- St. Stanislava of three degrees (1867, 1893, 1909), St. Annytrekhstepeney (1893, 1895, 1912), St. Prince Vladimir of the 4 and 3 degree equal to the apostles (1902, 1906). The scientist was also granted an award of the Bukhara gold star of the 2nd degree (1897).

In 1929. The congress of the Russian surgeons founded the award of V.I. Razumovsky awarded for the best work in the field of the general surgery. In 1935 "Parkovaya Street" was renamed by the decision of the Yessentuki city council of deputies of workers into "the street of the surgeon Razumovsky", and on a facade of house No. 1 on Lenin Street where lived, the scientist worked and died, the commemorative plaque is established. The name of Vasily Ivanovich found the reflection in numerous museum expositions, memorial rooms, corners and stands of Moscow, St. Petersburg, KA - zan, Saratov, Samara, Pyatigorsk and Yessentuki.

In 1935 the name of professor V.I. Razumovsky was appropriated to department of the general surgery of the Saratov medical institute (nowadays SGMU), and in 1981 - the 2nd clinical city hospital of Saratov. For many years the name of the prominent scientist-surgeon with pride is born by the Samara regional scientific surgical organization.

From 1962 to 2005 across Volga and Kama the passenger three-deck beautiful ship "Surgeon Razumovsky" constructed by the special order of the Soviet government by ship builders of the German Democratic Republic made the fascinating tourist cruises.

It is modern and instructively V.I. Razumovsky's words sound and today: "Any country, any nation fairly is proud of the great people and honors them. Great people make force and power of the nation, grant it the right to attention, on respect of all cultural world".

This remarkable aphorism can be readdressed rightfully and to his author, professor V.I. Razumovsky, the organizer and the first rector of three universities - Saratov, Tiflissky and Baku.

Ethan Aubrey Robert
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