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Category: History

Dmitry Aleksandrovich Jawlensky (1895 1982)


Dmitry Aleksandrovich Jawlensky was born in 18 95 g in family of hereditary noblemen most of which of men consisted in military service. At 10-year age he was enlisted in Suvorov military school in Warsaw. On release from military school came to Elisavetgradsky cavalry school which was called "nice southern school". In 1915 he was let out by the ensign in the 9th ulansky Bugsky regiment entering the 9th cavalry division (which was originally completed from Little Russian bugsky Cossacks, the regiment consisted in army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and after the 3rd partition of Poland was a part of the Russian imperial army, took part in Patriotic war of 1812 and a foreign campaign against Napoleon and also in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 - 1878). In the ranks of a regiment in 1915 - 1917 he was involved in fights against the German and Austro-Hungarian troops on the Southwest front; in 1917 it was made in shtabs-captains.

After seizure of power by Bolsheviks when the front collapsed finally and soldiers masses ran from fighting positions home, Jawlensky came to voluntary officer group which was formed of officers of the 9th cavalry division by the captain V.N. Vygran, the bugsky lancer intending to leave with it to Don and to join Volunteer army.

At the end of spring of 1918 Vygran's group arrived to location of Volunteer army. In the summer of 1918 Vygran created the Summary regiment of the 9th cavalry division; as a part of a regiment the squadron bugsky the lancer where Jawlensky served was restored. In the ranks of a regiment he participated in 1918 - 1919 in operations of Volunteer army in the North Caucasus and in Ukraine, in December, 1919 together with the remains of a regiment receded to the Crimea.

In January - March of 192 0 g Jawlensky in the ranks of the regiment which was a part of the 3rd army corps of the general Ya.A. Slashchov participated in defense of the Crimean isthmuses and suppression of a mutiny of the captain Orlov (in April the regiment renamed into the 6th cavalry was included in the Don horse division of the general V.I. Morozov). In May - September, ordering a squadron of the 6th cavalry regiment, Jawlensky participated in break in Northern Tavriya, defeat of the Horse corps of D.P. Jerks and other operations of the Russian army of the general P.N. Wrangel; it was made in colonels.

In September (or October) Jawlensky was seriously injured and sent to hospital to Sevastopol. There it was found by evacuation of the Crimea. According to family members, he found forces to rise from a bed, to put on somehow and together with other walking wounded to go outside; hardly he reached port and got on the steamship "Reshid-pasha" by which it was evacuated to Turkey.

After recovery it arrived in Gallipoli where in the camp as a part of the 1st Voluntary case there were bugsky lancers. In the summer of 1921 sabers of the Russian army were transported to the Kingdom of CXC where, as well as some other Russian cavalrymen, the lieutenant colonel Jawlensky it was employed in boundary guards (others bugsky the lancer were directed to construction of the railroad).

Jawlensky lived several years in Serbia then he moved to France. Having lodged in Paris, he suited the worker on Bioterapiya factory where worked hard the Russian emigrants (the emigrant from Russia, the Jew who was kind to the officers serving in bela armies was one of her directors). Consisted in local office of "The union of gallipoliyets", was a parishioner of marching church of gallipoliyets.

In Paris Jawlensky got married to Natalia Georgiyevnoy Meyngard - the daughter of the privy councilor G.A. Meyngard who in 1919 in Rostov headed the Special commission on investigation of crimes of Bolsheviks at the commander-in-chief of VSYuR.

In 1933 their only daughter Elena was born. Life gradually got better, but from the beginning of World War II of Yavlensky mobilized in the French army.

In one of May days of 194 0 g when the German troops broke through the front and directed to Paris, and retreat of the French began to develop into panic flight, the colonel Jawlensky dressed in a form of the private of the French army as the family legend says, alone took a position at the road and was going to meet Germans, armed with one rifle. Why it does not depart together with them, he answered puzzled questions of the French brother-soldiers that the Russian officers do not act this way. And even their remark on the fact that its readiness to die - "silly bravado", on it did not work. Germans took it prisoner when it shot on them all cartridges.

There were several similar episodes with participation of the Russian officers. They gained fame and gave to Parisians the grounds to joke bitterly: "We should send the Russian officers to trenches, and to put the for taxi steering-wheels".

Jawlensky spent nearly one and a half years in prisoner-of-war camp in the territory of Germany. He was lucky: it was released. Having returned to Paris to family, he more did not take part in war any more.

In 1945 when "Society of gallipoliyets" resumed the activity, Jawlensky got into his gear. In post-war years he often met the senior brother-soldier general Vygran who lived several years in France before he emigrated in 1950 to the USA; several years then they corresponded.

Having become a widow/widower in 1973, the veteran of three wars colonel Jawlensky lived the remained years in family of the daughter E.D.

Yavlenskoy, in Giuliani's marriage, in Le Claille se Bua near Versailles. There he died on October 25, 1982. Buried him

at the Russian cemetery of Sent-Généviève-de-Bua.

V.G. Chicheryukin-Meyngardt

Michael White
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