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Category: History

As went to the Victory


Today at the Gertsenovsky university four participants of the Great Patriotic War work: professors Irina Vladimirovna Arnold, Sakmara Georgiyevna Ilyenko, Pyotr Aleksandrovich Kudin and Beno Izraylovich Tabachnikas.

We publish their memoirs.

Irina Vladimirovna Arnold is a Doctor of Philology, professor, the honored worker of science of the Russian Federation.

In RGPU (LGPI) of A.I. Herzen works since 1966: manager of department of the English philology (1966 — 1975); professor of department of the English philology since 1975

Scientific research is devoted to current problems of semantics and stylistics of decoding of the art text, a lexicology.

More than 140 scientific and educational and methodical works are published. Prepared more than 60 candidates of science.

I.V. Arnold,

professor of department of the English philology

AS went TO the VICTORY

Memories of the Great Patriotic War is the memory of those who gave life for the Victory, about those relatives and darlings whom we lost, about millions which did not come back. Memory — as not healing wound in people heart, it is very heavy to write about it.

But it is necessary to tell about what happened to be seen how went to the Victory.

On March 27, 1941 the Leningrad institute of engineers of the merchant air fleet where I worked, was transformed to Military and air academy of the Red Army. We were located in Aviagorodka, near Pulkovsky heights, and almost from the first days of war became an object for aircraft of the opponent. We were not left, however, to defend this area — the order was received on June 24 to transfer the base to the capital of the Mari republic, the city of Yoshkar-Ola.

At this time fast increase in number of fighting units of aircraft was very important and consequently, and the number of technical structure. Already just before war in connection with modernization of aircraft the requirement of the Air Force for engineering shots sharply increased, and especially increased from the beginning of war.

For 1941 — 1945 the academy trained more than 2000 engineers of the Air Force. Their role was in the war not so noticeable as a role of pilots. But, in order that our pilots could smash the enemy in air, they needed reliable cars which combat readiness was provided by aviation experts. With opening of the second front on arms in the Soviet troops the new equipment (generally American) began to treat the most modern for those times the radio equipment. The front needed the qualified radio engineers who should have been trained very quickly.

Due to the new tasks we should reconstruct all educational process, to create new grants, to find teachers. And it was necessary to do it as soon as possible. Having arrived to the place, we unloaded all echelons and equipped laboratories in 10 days. I was appointed the chief of department, and my assistant on the German section became

T.V. Stroyeva. The department was quite numerous. Not only listeners, but also constant structure as commander study studied foreign languages. Acquaintance to the new foreign equipment arriving to us on arms demanded knowledge of foreign languages. So competently to operate the aircraft "aero cobra", "Hurricane", "Boston" and others, it was necessary to be able to use their descriptions in English and to provide the probability that the flight engineer should do it in combat conditions. All were engaged very seriously. We tried to select new material so that to give all most necessary. Worked hard with special technical literature, translated much.

The department of radio engineering already since the beginning of war began to teach listeners of a basis of absolutely new then radar equipment, at the same time improving it, and as a result played the major role in creation of radar protection of the country.

Students of our academy lived in barracks, were engaged for 8 hours a day with teachers and till 6 hours independently. Never to, later I had no such serious audience. There is a strong wish that the present student's youth though a little bit resembled those children. Understanding as they are necessary to the front, they in every way tried to master quicker the program to go to protect the Homeland.

Clifton Tucker
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