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Category: History

About fights for the Rostov region

a vecher on April 30 intelligence agents from the 150th rifle division Mikhail Egorov and Mikhail Kantariya under the leadership of our fellow countryman, the resident of Rostov lieutenant A.P. Berest, and the staff sergeant I.Ya. Sjyano-va set up the Red banner over the Reichstag. But fights in Berlin and the Reichstag continued still all night long and day on May 1. And only in the morning on May 2 roar of the battle abated, Germans threw out white flags and began to give up.

Our minrota took firing positions behind the wall of the broken house at this time and all day on May 1 fired on the German weapon emplacements. Early in the morning on May 2 to the basement of the house where we had a rest in turn, Igor Larionov - the tipper-of of a mortar dropped in, and cried: "Rise! The end to war, Germans give up".

& gt; We went outside - there is an unusual silence. In apertures of windows of houses - white flags, sheets. Having passed on the broken street (I do not remember its name) meters 150, we saw the Reichstag. Its thick walls were deformed by shells and mines, certain rooms still burned. The survived walls and columns of the Reichstag were used already up by soldiers and officers of the 150th and 171st divisions which stormed it. Many mortars of our company, and I including, wrote the surnames too.

The autographs left on walls of the Reichstag thousands and тысячи& our soldiers. In the morning on May 3 I with companions approached the Reichstag again and saw big group of the officers and generals considering this enormous ssry building, among them there was a marshal G.K. Zhukov. We did not dare to approach them close. Zhukov and generals accompanying him undersigned on the Reichstag and left. For multi-day fights in Berlin thousands of soldiers and officers were awarded to a horde -

us and medals. I was awarded the order Slava III degrees and the medal "For Capture of Berlin".

Our division remained in Berlin until the end of war. And, of course, the regimental meeting in the center of Berlin in honor of our Great Victory was remembered on May 9, 1945. It was entrusted to me to make a speech at this meeting on behalf of ordinary and non-commissioned officer's structure of a regiment. There arrived to a meeting representatives of the headquarters and political department of the 3rd Shock army and the 265th rifle division. Officers - commanders and political workers, and I, the lance sergeant, the commander of mortar calculation acted. Why to me charged to act? Still on April 20, when the order on the introduction of our division came to street fights in Berlin, in all divisions meetings took place. I acted in the mortar company. The commander of battalion captain I.S. Beday and the representative of the headquarters of a regiment who were present at that meeting approved my performance. And when war terminated and to May 9 appointed a regimental meeting, they recommended my candidate for a performance.

After the meeting the deputy commander of the 951st shooting regiment for a political part the major P.K. Fedot-kin approached me, shook hands and told: "Well, the sergeant Nikanorov to be to you a lecturer or the propagandist". And its prediction came true. I for many years was both a lecturer, and the propagandist, working in the Rostov regional House of political education and regional committee of the CPSU. Now on a voluntary basis I continue to work in the regional organizations of society of bibliophiles and societies "Znaniye", I am a member of city club of youth and veterans "Patriot".

© 2003 A.M. Kulnev


After fights in Stalingrad our 1st Guards mechanized case was brought to formation to the city of Bolyshov of the Saratov region. In 1 - 2 weeks received the new equipment, and immediately undertook battle march in the direction of Morozovsk. On approaches for each settlement conducted heavy fights. After liberation of Morozovsk moved to the regional center of Milyutinskaya. In one of state farms fascists, receding, drove locals into the shed to burn alive. Our reconnaissance group on armored personnel carriers was near and in spite of the fact that to us, intelligence agents, it was impossible "to shine", we interfered. Fascists ran, people were saved.

Having released Milyutinskaya, went to offensive at the regional center of Bokovskaya. Especially strong fights were going at the farm of Ostakhovo. There was a winter. Fascists became stronger on the opposite high coast of Don and flooded the coast with water, having turned it into an ice slope on which a pedestrian system it was difficult to get. We suffered losses, but took the coast. Fascists from the farm were beaten out.

Then turned to Stalingrad again, participated in the environment of the German parts which came to the end in February, 1943

For memory perpetuation героев&-танкистов — participants of fights for release from fascist aggressors of our small homeland - the Rostov region - we with brother-soldiers-pervogvardey-tsami brought up a question of installation in memory of these fights of the T-34 tank.

Through the Supreme Council of RSFSR allocated us 300 • rubles only for acquisition of materials, necessary for the device of a pedestal, and also the case of the T-34 tank. Performance of all works on installation, the device of a monument was entrusted to Komsomol members, and they successfully coped. The tank was set.

To us - initiators - wanted to set this tank in honor of the 1st Guards the Orders of Lenin, Kutuzov of the mechanized case. But as in this area the tank army under command of the general Lelyushenko conducted battles, the monument was established in

honor of all tankmen who were involved in fights for Rostov and area. It is very good, but there was a wish to mark out participants of fights of our case especially.

At opening of a monument there were heads of Veshensky district, a military registration and enlistment office, M.A. Sholokhov, youth, participants of the Great Patriotic War, toilers of the area.

This tank costs on Veshenskaya Route also now - Millerovo. Veshensky and Bokovsky's inhabitants paradise -

on celebrate significant dates at a tank: weddings, days of holidays.

About 3-4 years ago in Morozovsk in anniversary of release of the area from fascists I met two of those who were saved from burning by fascists by our reconnaissance group. Fighting front days recured to the memory again, those who are not present with us who gave life for the world, for our life, for liberation of the Rostov region from aggressors were remembered.


© 2003 I. Afanasenko


This year 60 years to the Battle of Stalingrad were executed. Thousands of books, scientific monographs and articles it is devoted to this decisive event of World War II. It would seem, everything is investigated and described, on days and minutes. And nevertheless...

Among hundreds of regiments — shooting, artillery, tank, aviation, - the summary, created from cadets Krasnodar, Vinnytsia, Grozny, Zhytomyr, Rostov, Stalingrad, Ordzhonikidzevsky military colleges battling near Stalingrad, special, tragic destiny at ten. The boys who were not in time to become lieutenants in the summer of 1942 were stopped into the Don steppe closing breaks of tank corps of armies PaulyusaiGota.

In one edition about the Battle of Stalingrad it is not mentioned a summary cadet regiment of the Krasnodar infantry school, its heroic and tragic fighting way.... In June, 1942 the chief of school major general D.I. Gudkov and the military commissar - the battalion commissioner Myakishev received the order - to create a summary regiment numbering about 3500 people as a part of three battalions and four batteries from staff of teachers and cadets - two mortar (82- and 120-millimeter) and two gun (45- and 76-millimeter) - and divisions of service.

The major I.I. Lysak was appointed the chief of staff of a regiment, the chief of artillery - the captain G.K. Antonenko. Among cadets was many our fellow countrymen evacuated in the fall of the 41st into the North Caucasus.

On July 9, 1942 the 7th and 1st reserve armies are renamed by the directive of the Rate of General headquarters into the 62nd and 64th general armies. On July 12 the Stalingrad front which structure included these armies is created. On July 17 summary cadet regiments received the order to come to a boundary of the Chir and Tsimla Rivers, providing expansion of shooting connections of the front.

On July 23 the 6th field army of Friedrich Paulues began offensive at Stalingrad. the 14th tank corps of the baron Gustav von Witersgejm a ram from 250 tanks cut defense of the Soviet troops to the south of Kletskaya, on a joint of the 192nd and 33rd Guards rifle divisions... To the aid of guardsmen-paratroopers (the 33rd it was created on the basis of the 2nd airborne case) on the night of July 24 from x. Marvin-sky that at Surovikino, through Dobrinka on x. Horns the summary cadet regiment of the Krasnodar infantry school acted.

From a march the first and third battalions of captains G.S. Sturua and G.V. Kalayev were engaged to action, trying to beat off the state farm Kopanya occupied the day before by Germans and to close a gap in defense of the 33rd division. All attacks broke the massive raids of 50 diving Yu-87 bombers which arranged an infernal carousel over the cadets who were not in time to be dug round. Intelligence agents of lieutenants V.N. Azarov and P.K. Aksenov counted in state farm Kopanya a congestion to fifty tanks and twenty five three-axis trucks with infantry. Fight lasted three days. On July 26 the state farm was cleared of the opponent and the thinned cadet regiment was fixed at a boundary: Berezovy Canal, height 198.3, state farm Kopanya, occupying the center of fighting orders of a division of A.I. Utvenko. Interacting with guardsmen of the 91st regiment and gunners, cadets during this infinitely long day, July 26, beat off seventeen fierce attacks. Before defensive positions of a division 120 padded and burned-down tanks, a half of which was put out of action by calculations of anti-tank guns, stiffened. Only in a hollow at state farm Kopanya remained 513 German corpses. Losses in manpower and the technician both at cadets, and at a division in general were big.

On July 27 the second battalion of cadets under command of the first lieutenant A.I. Serov supported the attack of the 186th shooting regiment which arrived to strengthening of a division and restored a first line of defense on the site Berezovy Canal (4 km to the south x. Kalmy-

Johnny Guerrero
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