The Science Work
History
Site is for sale: mail@thesciencework.com
Category: History

Historical development of municipal management in Taganrog and improvement of its organizational structure



a taky image, one of the most important tasks of state regulation of economy of society is search of an optimum between controllability and stability of the main economic educations within various levels of the state hierarchy.

M.V. Novikov,

A.E. Saak,

Porter M.V.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT of MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT IN TAGANROG AND IMPROVEMENT of ITS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

Still on July 27, 1696 Peter I chose the cape the Taganny horn for construction of fortress on the Sea of Azov, and in October the Seigniorial Duma on the issue of construction of the harbor in this place was already called. In 1698, having returned from abroad, Peter I submits the case of construction of the harbor to the Italian engineer Mateo Simunt who officially headed on September 12, 1698 a harbor construction in Taganrog. The general leadership in construction works on the harbor and fortress is assigned to Peter the Great's associate Fedor Matveevich Apraksin.

Since 1700 the structure of local administration begins to develop. In 1702 Peter I made division of Russia into provinces. Taganrog was ranked as the Azov province, with the main administrative center — the city of Voronezh. I.A. Tolstoy — the closest administrative chief was appointed the governor of Azov. The highest administrative unit was occupied by the governor general admiral Apraksin. Direct management of Taganrog — the fortified city the mandative chamber carried out.

It is necessary to notice that only in 1784 under Catherine the Great's decree the Taganrog fortress is abolished and Taganrog acquires the status of the city. The Ekaterino-slavsky namestnichestvo to which the customs (Admiralty department) and the governor of Azov submitted becomes the highest administrative authority. Management of the city was directly in hands of the commandant of the Taganrog fortress. Were under its authority: three garrison battalions, the Greek magistrate, city magistrate, a deanery justice, civil the head and the head, orphan and verbal (after World) courts, customs.

In 1797, under the decree of the emperor Pavel, namestnichestvo are abolished — Taganrog was a part of the Novorossiysk province. There was a new administrative unit — a gradonachalstvo, consisting of the city and lands, adjacent to it, and the official — the city's mayor operating as the governor.

In 1802, by order of Alexander I, the Novorossiysk province was divided into three: Nikolaev, Taurian and Ekaterinoslavsky, from the last the Taganrog County is allocated and the Taganrog gradonachalstvo is created. The decree of 1807 to Taganrog began to submit through trade merchant to navigation and police of Rostov-on-Don (till 1834), Nakhchivan and Mariupol (till 1859), and in 1816 all district institutions were transferred to Taganrog.

In 1870 the City reform was undertaken. Realization of this reform was expressed in improvement of a control system of the city and, in our opinion, was somewhat similar to modern structure of Administration of Taganrog. It differentiated functions of the Duma and

TRTU news

Thematic release

Justices. The Duma was administrative, and a justice — executive body. The Duma received quite wide powers and on many questions could make decisions without coordination with Administration. All cases on improvement of the city, development of local trade, the industry, health care and national education were charged to it (in the economic relation). At town council the commissions knowing various parties of municipal economy were created. The Mayor presided in the Justice. This organizational and legal system worked up to revolution of 1917

The system of Councils as authorities developed in Taganrog in the first months of revolution. The congress of Councils, and during the period between congresses — executive committee (Executive committee) was the supreme authority in the Taganrog district. The executive committee concentrated the management of all aspects of life of society in the hands.

In 1923 the new reform of Territorial Department was undertaken. 29 volosts replaced with 9 areas, and the County was renamed into the Taganrog District. Since October 1, 1924. The Taganrog district was a part of the North Caucasian Edge.

The provisions of the Central Election Commission of the USSR about city councils published in February, 1925 strengthened financial position and the budget of Councils, he acquired the right of the publication of obligatory resolutions, all enterprises, buildings and lands within city line were assigned to it. At the beginning of 1933 the suburban Agricultural area was attached to Taganrog. In May, 1936 Taganrog is divided into 3 areas: (Lenin, Stalin (since 1961 — October), Ordzhonikidzevsky).

Since 1936 the congresses of Councils were abolished, Councils became permanent bodies of the power and management. The executive Committee of the Taganrog city council of deputies of workers defined the powers and duties. Departments which were subordinated to it only administratively were a part of organizational structure of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies, and in the financial and reporting relation were independent units and had the office-work and archives. Account and financial statements were conducted in uniform accounts department of gorfinotde-la. The Taganrog Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies had only city value. The executive committee of the City Council and its departments performed direct management of economic construction, national education, health care, social security, cultural and consumer services of the population of the city; put into practice decisions of Council and higher public authorities.

On April 11, 1937 the Rostov region with the center in Rostov-on-Don was formed, Taganrog was a part of the Rostov region.

In October, 1941 Taganrog was occupied by the German troops, and the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies temporarily stopped the activity. After release of the city from fascist aggressors the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies resumed the work since August 30, 1943

July 6, 1991. The Supreme Council of RSFSR issued the law "About Local Government in RSFSR". According to this law, the executive committee of city council, its departments and managements were abolished and the head of administration of Taganrog is appointed. The Administration of Taganrog — the governing body which is carrying out executive functions on the basis of and in pursuance of laws of Russia, acts of the Russian President, promoting the rights and legitimate interests of bodies of city self-government and citizens was created.

According to Paragraph 4 of the Decree of the President of Russia of 26.10.93. "About reform of local government in the Russian Federation", activity of city council of People's Deputies is stopped. After elections of the head of city self-government and the deputies of City Council who took place in Taganrog on December 22, 1996 in our city the new structure on the basis of local governments is created. A legal basis of the organization of city self-government is the Charter of the city of Taganrog drafted according to the current legislation. The modern structure of management consists of City Duma, the head of city self-government (mayor) — the highest official, the city administration — executive body (on the basis of successorship of the acting city administration) and bodies of territorial public city self-government of the population.

The changes happening in structure of local municipal management reflect historical experience of improvement of a control system throughout all history of development of our city. All these changes in structure of management as reflection of changes in Russia in general, are based on changes in the legal framework. Legal support of the happening reforms substantially defined their efficiency.

T.V. Chernova

ACCOUNTING of REGIONAL FEATURES WHEN CALCULATING AVERAGE INDICATORS of the STANDARD OF LIVING of the POPULATION

All phenomena and processes of public life are studied by means of statistics which main role is to characterize authentically the sizes, volumes, levels of the studied social and economic phenomena that assumes their obligatory accuracy, reliability and correctness. At the same time accuracy characterizes a possible deviation of an indicator from the true sizes of the phenomenon, and the correctness depends on the theory by which the concept which is its cornerstone is guided. If the principles and methods of creation of indicators do not capture the essence of the studied phenomenon, then no measures of increase in accuracy can save situation. The size of an indicator and even its sense can change depending on the accepted methodology and the nature of the data entered into an indicator. Inexact reflection of reality can disorient various links and bodies of legislative and executive power, especially it concerns indicators of the standard of living as they affect the fate of tens of millions of people. The absence at public authorities of reliable and exact information leads to adoption of inefficient management decisions by them that serves as the cause of the heavy social conflicts, having sometimes on development of the country very drama impact and by that destabilizes economy.

The system of statistical information existing until recently in Russia was formed in the conditions of central planning and was constructed on own, other than the countries of the world, widespread in the majority, methodological provisions. Features of the Soviet statistics consisted in its perfect ideologization, it provided administrative and managerial functions of the ministries and departments and was created for observation of performance

Jacob John
Other scientific works: