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Constitution DASSR 1978: Istoriya creation and acceptance



UDK: 94(470.671 "1978": 342

CONSTITUTION DASSR 1978: HISTORY of CREATION AND ACCEPTANCE

Dagestan

university

L A TRUZHENIKOVA

On the basis of archive materials and the published researches the reasons and prerequisites of adoption of the Constitution DASSR are analyzed 1978; process of its development is considered, it is noted that the Constitution of 1978 played a big role in further development of statehood of Dagestan. It reflected a new stage in development of all parties of public and state life of the republic. The constitution lifted all state and economic activity, all work of bodies of authority and management of Dagestan to qualitatively new level. In the next years in the republic on the basis of the Constitution of 1978 the further improvement of the legislation and development of the state relations took place.

To the middle of the 1930th the Soviet people, generally built the base of the socialist state. After the termination of the Great Patriotic War in unprecedentedly short terms practically everything was restored, destroyed by war, and the country accelerated moved forward. In 40 years after adoption of the Constitution of the USSR 1936 in all Soviet society there were so profound changes that there was a need of their generalization for the new Basic of Zakone1.

The main reason and need of development of the new Constitution as it was noted, was connected also with significant change of a political regime in the country. Though society still remained strictly organized on the terms of the management of it from one political party, it already followed a way of release from the mode of a personal authority, an arbitrariness, lawlessness and comprehensive fear, the mode which is publicly condemned first of all by the party on XX sjezde2.

However today we have to recognize that the fact of adoption of the new Constitution carried nevertheless a little premature and formal character. It was explained by what at the XXII congress of the CPSU which took place in October, 1961 was unreasonably declared: "in the Soviet Union the real socialist society" 3 is created. Probably, therefore the country leaders of that time also considered it necessary to enshrine it in the new allied Constitution and to proclaim the further purpose - creation of communistic society.

For creation of the new Constitution of the USSR in 1962 the Constitutional Commission was organized. But owing to a number of the known political events, work of the Commission dragged on for many years. Only in April, 1977 for development of the text of the draft constitution of the USSR the Constitutional Commission was created finally as a part of the Chairman L.I. Brezhnev and 73 members among whom there were eminent party, state and public figures, workers, collective farmers, representatives of the intellectuals of federal republics.

On October 4, 1977 the extraordinary seventh session of the Supreme Council of the USSR at which the report on the new draft constitution of the USSR was made by the Chairman of the Constitutional Commission L.I. Brezhnev opened. October 7, 1977. The Supreme Council of the USSR unanimously approved the new Fundamental Law of the Union of CCP4.

The constitution of the USSR became 1977 the successor of the previous Basic Laws of 1924 and 1936. The main distinctive feature of this Constitution was legislative fixing in the sixth article of the leading and directing role of the Communist Party announced by the leading force of society.

The new Constitution approved the principles of the public state. However in reality the socialist narodovlastny ideals were not in full

1 Cuckoo Yu.S., Chistyakov O.I. Ocherk of the history of the Soviet Constitution. M.,1978. Page 191.
2 See: Avakyan S.A. Constitutional right of Russia. Volume 1. M.,2005. Page 210.
3 A.A. Solovyov. Congresses and conferences of the CPSU: Reference book. M.,1983. Page 274.
4 The constitution of the developed socialism: historical prerequisites and value. M, 1981. Page 43-45.

a measure are realized in practice, and was not at that moment of the real guarantees against restoration of capitalism. Existence only only of bases of the developing socialism at preservation of a number of negative trends explains the developed reality in which the Constitution dispersed from real political practice of functioning of an authoritative and nomenclature political regime.

The constitution of the USSR fixed 1977 a trend of development of natsionalnogosudarstvenny construction which was reflected in articles of the Constitution: about expansion and strengthening of the Soviet representative system, international on contents, in development of all-union and national statehood at the leading role allied; about strengthening of action of a uniform system of the Soviet Armed Forces protecting safety of the socialist Homeland; about improvement of scientific management of all social processes; about strengthening of unity of action of an all-union system of the legislation.

In the third part of the Constitution devoted to the national-state USSR device was not only the essence of the USSR as Union State is disclosed, but the political status of federal and autonomous republics, autonomous regions and districts, their place and functions in the all-union system of the government was also accurately defined.

The basic law (for the first time in the constitutional practice of our state) included the special chapters devoted to a legal status and guarantees of further all-round development of autonomous republics, autonomous regions and autonomous areas (Chapter 10, 11, 18). The autonomous republic had the right of participation in the solution of the questions carried to maintaining USSR and the federal republic. The Supreme Council of the autonomous republic adopted the Constitution of the ASSR without the subsequent (as it was established by the Constitution of the USSR 1936) the approval by its Supreme Council of the federal republic now.

After adoption of the new Constitution of the USSR a lot of work on reduction of the legislation of the country was carried out to compliance with the new Basic Law. Development and adoption of new constitutions of federal and autonomous republics became the most important part of this work on improvement of a legal basis of the state and public life of the country. The Supreme Councils of federal republics created the Constitutional Commissions which part figures of party, Soviet and public organizations, workers, collective farmers, scientists were.

14 March, 1978 under the chairmanship of the Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of RSFSR M.A. Yasnov the meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of RSFSR at which the question of the draft constitution of RSFSR was considered took place. The report on the draft constitution of RSFSR was made by the Chairman of the Commission of the Supreme Council of RSFSR on preparation of the draft constitution, the candidate for members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Chairman of the board of Ministers of RSFSR M.S. Solomentsev. The draft constitution of RSFSR was published in the central press for national obsuzhdeniya5.
10 April, 1978 there began the work the seventh session of the Supreme Council of RSFSR of the ninth convocation convened for consideration of the draft constitution of RSFSR. The report "About the draft constitution (Basic law) of RSFSR and results of its national discussion" was made by M.S. Solomentsev who noted that the ideas and the principles of the Allied Constitution were the basis for the project.

On April 12, 1978 the new Constitution of RSFSR was adopted. On April 13, 1978 in the press the Declaration of the Supreme Council of RSFSR "About acceptance and the announcement of the Constitution (Basic law) of RSFSR" where it was told that "The Supreme Council of RSFSR, acting on behalf of the people of RSFSR and expressing its will was published, adopts the Constitution (Basic law) of RSFSR and declares introduction it in action since April 12, 1978" 6.

According to the general provisions enshrined in the Constitution of the USSR and in constitutions of federal republics powers of the autonomous republics and autonomous regions which are a part of federal republics extended and fixed.

For the first time in the history of the legislation Article 78 of the Constitution of RSFSR recorded: "The autonomous republic is the Soviet socialist state which is in structure of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. The autonomous republic outside the rights of USSR and RSFSR independently resolves the issues relating to its maintaining. It has the Constitution corresponding to Constitutions of the USSR and the federal republic and considering features of the autonomous republic" 7.

5 News. 1978. March 15.
6 In the same place. April 13.
7 Constitution (Basic law) of RSFSR. M.,1978. Page 23.

The autonomous republic participated in the solution of the questions carried to maintaining the federal republic and USSR through the appropriate supreme bodies of the government and management, provided complex economic and social development in the territory, coordinated and controlled activity of the enterprises, institutions and organizations of allied and republican submission for the questions relating to its maintaining; the territory of the autonomous republic could not be changed without it soglasiya8.

On the basis of Constitutions of the USSR and RSFSR drafts of constitutions of the autonomous republics which are a part of RSFSR were prepared. On June 23, 1977 the meeting of the Supreme Council of DASSR at which the question of the structure of the Commission for preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR was considered took place. At the request of the Council of Elders the Chairman of the Supreme Council of DASSR Sh.A. Ismailov made the proposal on formation of the Commission of the Supreme Council of DASSR on preparation of the new draft constitution of Dagestan ASSR.

The Resolution of the Supreme Council of DASSR in which it was told about election of the Commission for preparation of the draft constitution of Dagestan ASSR as a part of 32 people under the chairmanship of I. Umakhanov's M.-C. was accepted. Deputies of the Supreme Council of the USSR, the Supreme Council of RSFSR and the Supreme Council of Dagestan ASSR were a part of the Commission, among them there are A.A. Abilov, R.G. Gamzatov, Sh.A. Ismailov, H.A. Kaziyeva, N.V. Komissarov, A.M. Magomedov, A.S. Omarov, HELL. Umalatov, U.Ch. Cherkesov, Sh.M. Shamkhalov and other eminent persons respubliki9.

On May 15, 1978 under the chairmanship of the Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR Sh.M. Shamkhalov the meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR at which the question of the draft constitution of the republic was considered took place. The report on the project was made by the Chairman of the Commission of the Supreme Council of DASSR on preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR, the member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the First secretary of regional committee of the CPSU of M.-C.M. Umakhanov. S.H. Khalilov, S.D. Kurbanov, M.M. Maloguseynov, A.A Agarzayev, the vice-chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council R.P. DASSR of Askerkhanov10 took part in discussion of the draft constitution.

The presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR adopted the Decree which generally approved the draft constitution (Basic law) of DASSR submitted by the Commission and submitted it for national discussion in the republic. The presidium also adopted the Decree on convocation on May 29, 1978 in the city of Makhachkala of an extraordinary eighth session of the Supreme Council of DASSR for consideration of the draft constitution of DASSR.

At the same meeting the Resolution "About the Organization of Work on Account and Synthesis of Offers and Remarks Which Will Arrive during Discussion of the New Draft Constitution (Basic Law) of DASSR" was accepted. In it, in particular, it was noted:

"1. To executive committees of regional, city, village, settlement Councils of People's Deputies, Committee on television and broadcasting of Council of ministers of DASSR, the editorial offices of republican and local newspapers to take measures for the organization of comprehensive business discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR at meetings of groups of workers, meetings of citizens at the place of residence, in the press, on radio and television and also to provide accounting and synthesis of the proposals made during discussion and comments on the draft constitution of DASSR.

2. To establish that summary data on the course of discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR and on contents of offers and comments on the draft constitution of DASSR are sent to Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR.
3. Summary data on the course of discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR and on contents of offers and comments on the draft constitution of DASSR are sent to Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR once in five days in the enclosed forms.
4. During national discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR to assign generalization of the arriving materials to organization department of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR.
5. To approve the structures of the working groups on account, generalization and consideration of offers which will arrive to the Commission on preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR during discussion of the project" 11.
15 May, 1978 under the chairmanship of the member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the first secretary of the Dagestan regional committee of party, the Chairman of the Commission on preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR M.-S. And.
8 The history of national-state construction in the USSR (1917-1978). T. II. M.,1979. Page 315.
9 Meeting of the Supreme Council of DASSR. The fifth session of the ninth convocation. June 23, 1977. Verbatim record. Makhachkala, 1977. Page 72, 84.
10 Dagestan truth. 1978. May 16.
11 CGA RD. F.352-p. Op.30. 96. L. l.3-4, 5-6.

Umakhanova the meeting of the Commission on preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR took place. At a meeting it was noted that the Commission did big and fruitful work on preparation of the project. The political, economic and social transformations which happened in the republic in time after adoption of the Basic Law of 1937 are reflected in it according to Constitutions of the USSR and RSFSR. In the report and performances at a meeting of the Commission it was emphasized that in connection with the forthcoming publication of the draft constitution of DASSR for national discussion it is necessary to develop organizational and political work on ensuring extensive discussion of the project in the republic. Discussion has to promote further rise in labor and political activity of masses, implementation of plans and obligations assumed for the third year of the tenth five-years period.

Members of the commission - the secretary of the Nogai district committee of the CPSU B.A. Adzhibayeva, Minister of Justice S.Yu. Sfiyev, the electrician of the Makhachkala cable telephone exchange of I.B. Rakhmilov, the prosecutor of DASSR M.M. Ibragimov, the editor of the Dagestanskaya Pravda newspaper N.V. Komissarov took part in discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR.

The commission considered and generally approved the project and made the decision to enter into Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR with the offer to publish the draft constitution (Basic law) of Dagestan ASSR for national discussion in the republic. The commission generally approved the made proposals and made the decision to submit them for consideration of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR12.

16 May, 1978 in "The Dagestan truth" the text of the draft constitution of DASSR was published. On May 17, 1978 it was published in all republican newspapers. After publication of the project, mass work on promotion of provisions of the project, its comprehensive discussion was developed in the republic. Discussion of the project in the press, on television and on places continued from May 16 to May 29, 1978

On republican television there passed the broadcast series "Discuss the draft constitution of DASSR". In the main publication of the republic - the headings "We Discuss the Draft Constitution of DASSR" and "I Make the Proposal" were open for the Dagestanskaya Pravda newspaper.

In the press the approximate scope of lectures, reports and conversations under the new draft constitution of DASSR was published. For discussion subjects were offered: "Adoption of the Constitution of DASSR - a historical milestone in the political history of the republic", "Political system of DASSR", "Protection of law and order, the interests of society, the rights and freedoms of citizens - the most important problem of the Soviet state", "DASSR economic system", "Economy of Dagestan - a component of a uniform economic complex of the USSR", "Development of productive forces of Dagestan in the tenth five-years period", "The draft constitution of DASSR about development of national education and the culture of the people of Dagestan", "National-state and the DASSR administrative-territorial device" 13.

Workers of Dagestan made a number of proposals, amendments and additions in the draft constitution of DASSR.

So, for example, the honored actress of the USSR, the winner of the State award of RSFSR of K.S. Stanislavsky, the actress of the Kumyk musical drama theater of name A. - G. Salavatova Bariyat Muradova noticed that "it would be necessary to add in Article 40 of the Constitution of DASSR the words about expansion of cultural exchange with foreign countries that will be true in terms of that broad interchange cultural values which happens to participation of masters of literature and art of Dagestan now and also guests of the republic from many countries".

Besides citizens the opinion on the draft constitution of DASSR was expressed also by statesmen of the republic. So, the Prosecutor of Dagestan ASSR, the state councilor of justice of the third class M. Ibragimov expressed the following opinion: "In general employees of bodies of prosecutor's office approve the draft constitution of DASSR and consider that his statement will form a basis for further strengthening of socialist legality and law and order in the republic" 14.

Thus, during national discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR the workers of Dagestan expressed the opinion and the relation to this major document. Them

12 Dagestan truth. 1978. May 16.
13 G.M. Kapparov. The constitutional development of DASSR at the present stage. Makhachkala, 1981. Page 15.16.
14 See: Dagestan truth. 1978. May 19,24.
were directed to

of the offer to its improvement and addition. The main political outcome of national discussion of the project was its unanimous approval. However it is necessary to recognize that this discussion had often the overorganized character. Many performances, remarks and proposals of workers were prepared by employees of party and Soviet bodies in advance. The announced number of the meetings devoted to discussion of the draft constitution, and the number of the workers participating in them were not always true, and meetings in a number of places were held formally.

On May 26, 1978 under the chairmanship of I. Umakhanov's M.-C. the regular meeting of the Commission on preparation of the draft constitution of DASSR took place. The commission considered the project taking into account the offers, remarks and amendments which arrived from citizens of the republic during national discussion approved it and presented to Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR with the subsequent submitting for examination of an extraordinary eighth session of the Supreme Council of DASSR of the ninth convocation.

On May 26, 1978 under the chairmanship of the Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR Sh.M. Shamkhalov the meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR at which the message of the Chairman of the Commission of M.-C. I. Umakhanov about results of national discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR and about the offers which arrived during this discussion was considered took place. The presidium with satisfaction noted the high political activity of citizens shown during discussion. Under the draft constitution members of Presidium S.B. Babakhanov and V.N. of Sokolov15 acted.

The presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR decided to take into consideration the message of the Chairman of the Commission of M.-C. I. Umakhanov that the Commission considered offers and comments on the draft constitution which arrived during its national discussion in the republic made necessary changes and additions to the project and submitted it for consideration of the Supreme Council of DASSR. It was also decided to submit for consideration of the Supreme Council of DASSR the draft declaration of the Supreme Council on acceptance and the announcement of the Constitution (Basic law) DASSR and the bill DASSR on an order of enforcement of the Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR16.

At a meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR the structure of Drafting Panel on preparation of the final text of the draft constitution of DASSR as a part of 51 deputies under the chairmanship of M.-C. I. Umakhanov was created. Eminent public, party and Soviet persons of the republic, among them - M.-T. M. Abdulbasirov, A.A. Abilov, M.A. Azizov, O.A. Aliyev, F.A. Aliyeva, R.P. Askerkhanov, A.S. Boyko, A.Yu. Gadzhiyev, R.G. Gamzatov, M.M. Ibragimov, Sh.A. Ismailov, N.V. Komissarov, A.M. Magomedov, H.G. Magidov, M.M. Mazhidov, A.S. Omarov, A.D. Umalatov, S.H. Khalilov, U.Ch. Cherkesov, Sh.Sh. Shamkhalov, M.S. Yusupov, M.Yu. Yusupov were a part of the Commission.

At a meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR the agenda and an operating procedure of an extraordinary eighth Session of the Supreme Council of DASSR of the ninth convocation which was planned to be carried out on May 29-30, 1978 was defined on May 26, 1978. The question of the new draft constitution (Basic law) of the Dagestan ACCP17 was the main question of a session.

29 May, 1978 the extraordinary eighth session of the Supreme Council of DASSR of the ninth convocation opened. The Chairman of the Supreme Council of DASSR Sh.A. Ismailov presided over a session. The report "About the draft constitution (Basic law) of DASSR and results of its discussion" was made by M.-C. I. Umakhanov.

The speaker noted that "the current session of the Supreme Council of DASSR is faced by a task: to adopt the new Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR. The draft constitution was published in all republican newspapers with a general circulation of 234571 piece. The television and radio took part in explanation and promotion of the project. After publication of the project at factories and the plants, in collective farms and state farms, in institutions and educational institutions, at the place of residence of citizens there took place 3449 meetings, meetings, descents in which more than 511800 citizens of the republic took part. Acted 12514 people, over 12500 proposals were made. To the Commission the set of letters arrived, about 200 offers were stated by citizens in their performances in the press, on radio and television. The main meaning of all letters and proposals of workers is as follows: the draft of the Basic Law of the republic with great satisfaction is approved by all citizens of the republic".

15 In the same place. May 27.
16 CGA RD. F.352-p. Op.30. 104. L.45.
17 In the same place. 97. L. l.17-21.

In the report of M.-C. I. Umakhanova it was told that the new draft constitution submitted for consideration of a session is made in strict accordance with Constitutions of the USSR and RSFSR and also taking into account local national peculiarities. It keeps continuity in relation to the current Constitution of DASSR. At the same time, new chapters and articles which were not ranshe18 are introduced in it.

Further the historical way of our republic was covered in the report, basic provisions of the project are stated. The basic value of a question of languages in which laws, resolutions and other acts of the Supreme Council of Dagestan ASSR are published was noted. If under the Constitution DASSR 1937 these acts were published in the Avarian, Azerbaijani, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezghin, Russian, Tat and Tabasaran languages, then under the new draft constitution the specified acts are published in the above-stated nine languages and also in the Nogai and Chechen languages that quite corresponds to the multinational nature of Dagestan.

In the report the following features of the new draft constitution were also noted: more accurate wording of article of the Constitution about Council of ministers DASSR, order of its education, structure, powers; expansion of competence of Council of ministers, more detailed determination of competence of local councils; reflection of further development of democratic principles of the organization of activity of Councils, increase in a role of orders of voters, strengthening of the authority of deputies; fixing of bases of a legal status of public organizations and labor collectives.

According to the project the role of Councils as forms of direct democracy considerably raised, the principles of the organization and activity of state bodies, vessels, prosecutor's offices were improved, national control amplified, the circle of the rights and freedoms of citizens extended, material, political and other guarantees of implementation of these rights and svobod19 became stronger.

The Supreme Council of DASSR unanimously elected Drafting Panel on preparation of the final text of the draft constitution of DASSR. In a debate on the report deputies M.S. Yusupov, M. Frolova, H.G. Magidov, A.R. Osmanov, Z.G. Efendiyev, M.H. Kerimov, S.H. Khalilov, B.S. Muradova, N.S. Omarov, A.Z. Yusupova, A.Yu. Gadzhiyev, I.G. Mamedova, K.G. Gadzhiyev and others acted.

All 18 deputies took part in discussion of the draft constitution of DASSR at the session of the Supreme Council of DASSR. All of them, in general, approved the draft constitution. Many deputies who made a speech at the Session made a number of the proposals directed to improvement of the project.

After the end of discussion the Drafting Panel suggested to approve the text of the project with the additions brought in it during discussion at the Session and popravkami20.

On May 30, 1978 at a meeting of an extraordinary eighth session of the Supreme Council of DASSR of the ninth convocation the voting procedure under the draft constitution of DASSR took place. Under each section of the Constitution there was a separate vote. The Supreme Council of DASSR approved the Constitution unanimously.

On May 30, 1978 the Declaration of the Supreme Council of DASSR "About acceptance and the announcement of the Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR" in which it was stated was also adopted: "The Supreme Council of DASSR, acting on behalf of the people of DASSR, adopts the Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR and declares introduction it in action since May 30, 1978" 21. The declaration on behalf of the Supreme Council of DASSR was signed by the Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR Sh.M. Shamkhalov and the Secretary of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR of A.M. Magomedov.

30 May, 1978 the Law DASSR "Was adopted about an order of enforcement of the Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR", in article of the first which it was said that "Laws DASSR and other acts of public authorities of DASSR adopted till May 30, 1978 maintain the action as they do not contradict the Constitution DASSR 1978" 22.

The concluding remarks and summing up were made by the Chairman of the Commission of the Supreme Council on preparation of the Constitution (Basic law) of DASSR, the member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the First secretary of the Dagestan Regional committee of the CPSU Magomed-Salam Ilyasovich Umakhanov.

18 CGA RD. F.352-p. Op.30. 104. L.32.
19 G.M. Kapparov. Decree.soch. Page 17.18.
20 M.A. Kazanbiyev. Constitution of Dagestan ASSR of 1978. Makhachkala, 1985//Hand-written fund of Institute of IAE DNC RAS. F.3. Op.2. 652. L. l.14-15.
21 Dagestan truth. 1978. May 31.
22 In the same place.

He emphasized that "adoption of the Constitution of Dagestan ASSR - an event of huge value. The constitution reflected a new stage in development of all parties of public life of the republic; it personified all basic provisions, the ideas, the principles of Constitutions of the USSR of 1977 and RSFSR of 1978, developed these principles in relation to Dagestan ASSR. The constitution DASSR had 1978 deep and fruitful impact on further life of the republic, its economic, social and cultural development, on spiritual life of the Dagestan people" 23.

11 July, 1978 the meeting of Presidium of the Supreme Council of DASSR at which the results of work on preparation and adoption of the new Constitution of DASSR were summed up took place. On July 11, 1978 the new State Emblem of the Dagestan ACCP24 was approved.

Summing up the results, it is possible to note that for emergence of the new Constitution of the USSR, new constitutions of federal and autonomous republics there was a number of objective prerequisites: the aspiration to strengthen in a political regime of the beginning of legality, to prevent even a possibility of a mass arbitrariness, humiliation of the personality; transition from postulates of the power of one part of society (dictatorships of the proletariat) to the public state and participation in implementation of functions of democracy of all population groups; need of fixing for the Constitution of a wide range of the rights and freedoms of citizens, more accurate powers of public authorities, ratios of opportunities of the Union and respublik25. However in reality practically all power in society was concentrated in hands of bureaucratic party administrative personnel acting through its top echelon. In the 1970th the party bodies were guided by style of direct and direct command of Councils, state bodies, labor unions, Komsomol, public organizatsiyami26.

At the same time, it should be noted that adoption of the Constitution DASSR was 1978 an event of great value in republic life. The constitution reflected a new stage in development of all parties of public and state life of the republic. It lifted all state and economic activity, all work of bodies of authority and management of Dagestan to qualitatively new level. In the next years in the republic on the basis of the Constitution of 1978 the further improvement of the legislation and development of the state relations took place.

CONSTITUTION OF DASSR 1978: THE HISTORY OF CREATION AND ADOPTION

On the basis of archival materials and research publications the reasons and preconditions of DASSR Constitution 1978 are analyses and the process of working out the Constitution is considered. It is mentioned that Constitution of 1978 played a great role in henceforth development of Daghestan statehood. It reflected a new phase further development of all aspects of state and social life of the republic. The Constitution improved the state activity and national economy; work of all organs of state power and administration of Daghestan. In future on the basis of Constitution of 1978 further improvement of legislation and development of state relation took place.

23 Extraordinary eighth session of the Supreme Council of Dagestan ASSR (ninth convocation). Verbatim record. Makhachkala, 1978. Page 83.
24 CGA. RD. F.352-p. Op.30. 98. L.3.
25 See: Avakyan S.A. Decree.soch. Page 214.
26 See: The history of Dagestan since the most ancient times up to now. Volume 2. The 20th century. Makhachkala, 2005. Page 471.

L.A. TRUJENIKOVA

Daghestan State University

e-mail: lyuda-74@mail.ru

Rosenberg Oldwig
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