The Science Work
History
Site is for sale: mail@thesciencework.com
Category: History

General, diplomat, bibliophile. From the history of book meeting of P.K. Sukhtelen



knigovedeny

UDC 09 BBK 76.19

GENERAL, DIPLOMAT, BIBLIOPHILE.

FROM the HISTORY of BOOK MEETING of P.K. SUKHTELEN

© A.M. Panchenko, 2006

Novosibirsk highest military command college (military institute) of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

630117, Novosibirsk, Ivanov St., 49

The history of creation and the structure of book meeting of the general engineer count P.K. Sukhtelen on the basis of archive materials from the Russian State Military and Historical Archive (RSMHA) is stated. Special attention is paid to the fate of library after death of the bibliophile, widely famous in Europe and Russia. Distribution of one of considerable private collections of books on large libraries of Russia is described.

Pyotr Kornilovich (Korniliyevich) Sukhtelen the 1st (Johann Petter, Jan Petter, Jean Pierre), "outstanding mind and extensive learning, the bibliophile, the owner of enormous and valuable library, the collector of collections landkart, coins and medals, during four reigns was active in fields military, engineering and diplomatic, enjoying constant confidence of four sovereigns and general love as the person"/4/, was born on August 2, 1751 in Holland, in rather poor noble family. He is a native of the ancient Dutch sort coming from the Duchy of Yulikh and Kleve which ancestors moved here in the 16th century from Sweden. Upon termination of in 1767 mathematical faculty of the Groningen P.K. Sukhtelen university served in the Dutch engineering troops, was involved in wars with Great Britain 1773-1774 and 17781779. According to the proposal of the count A.I. Morozov it was invited to Russia and on July 4, 1783 from the engineer lieutenant colonels of the Dutch service it is accepted with the same rank on the Russian service. In 1784 at the request of the empress Catherine II developed the project of connection of the Caspian Sea with White by means of the channel between the Kama Rivers and Northern Dvina. During the Russian-Swedish war of 1788-1790 - the chief of staff of engineers of the Finnish army. For differences in battles near Vyborg and Fridrikhsgam it is awarded in 1789 with the Order of Saint George of the 4th class and a gold sword "For bravery". During the Polish revolt under T. Kosciusko's leadership (1794) was in Warsaw, it was wounded and taken prisoner by insurgents. After release from captivity it is seconded to the Vilensky province for osmot-

ra fortresses and designing on their restoration. On December 20, 1797 it is made in lieutenant generals and appointed the chief of engineers of the Finnish inspection. On June 22, 1799 the engineer general is awarded a rank and appointed the inspector of an engineering part of Estlyandsky and Lif-lyandsky inspections. Since July 30, 1801 - the general-quartermaster of army who at the same time headed all service of the General Staff of the Russian army. Played a huge role in formation of kvartirmeystersky service of the General Staff.

On October 23, 1802 P.K. Sukhtelen was appointed also the inspector of Engineering department of the Ministry of military ground forces and present at Military board. In a campaign

1805 consisted at the emperor Alexander I and was involved in battle at Austerlitz. After the conclusion of the Tilsit world in June-December, 1807 on the highest command it is sent to Prussia and "from there to different places of Russia" for survey of borders from the Baltic Sea to Black. During the Russian-Swedish war of 1808-1809 - the general-quartermaster and the chief of engineering troops of field army. Directed Svartgolm's siege and Sveaborga. Thanks to it the Russian troops occupied without fight the unapproachable fortress of Sveaborg that predetermined the result of war. During the peace talks with Swedes proved as the uncommon diplomat, participated in preparation of the Fridrikhsgamsky world on which Finland departed to Russia. The emperor Alexander I sent Pyotr Korniliyevich "with a special assignment" to Stockholm. To it entrusted to lay the foundation of the Russian-Swedish military alliance extremely necessary for Russia in the conditions of the coming war with France. In December, 1809 - October, 1811 P.K. Sukhtelen - the extraordinary envoy in Stockholm. He brilliantly coped with a difficult diplomatic task, having prepared the conclusion of Russian-Swedish and the Russian-English peace treaty in 1812, than promoted rapprochement of Russia with Sweden. In March, 1812 "went back to the Swedish yard on a special assignment", promoted the conclusion of the Russian-Swedish allied contract, as the Russian representative signed the Erebrusky world with Great Britain. In August participated in the Russian-Swedish negotiations in Abo.

In 1813 P.K. Sukhtelen - taking up a position of the chief of the Russian military mission at the main apartment (headquarters) of Northern army prince Karl Yukhan (Bernadot), was involved in battles at Gross-Beerene, Dennevitsa and Leipzig. On January 17, 1814 signed from Russia the peace treatise with Denmark. In March, 1814 P.K. Sukhtelen as the participant of the Napoleonic wars, together with troops entered Paris where he for a short time acquired a considerable part of rare documents, including autographs of the famous French political and military figures: Napoleon and M. Robespierre, marshal M. Ney and Zh.Zh. Danton, I. Myurat and P. Barras.

After the end of military operations with Napoleonic France P.K. Sukhtelen was again appointed the envoy to Stockholm. On this responsible post it was until the end of the life/2/.

The first documentary evidences of contemporaries about library of the count P.K. Sukhtelen belong to the beginning of the 19th century. On command the emperor Alexander I P.K. Sukhtelena the extensive apartment in the Mikhailovsky Castle was provided. After

Paul I's murders this imperial residence some time was empty, and then in it placed management of suite of its Imperial Majesty by a kvartirmeystersky part. In the allocated apartment the office and P.K. Sukhtelen's library and also collections of manuscripts, coins, medals and cards were placed.

The young kvartirmeystersky officer F.F. Schubert, subsequently the famous general, noted in the notes that quartermasters daily with

9 till І4 o'clock gathered in the spacious halls of the Mikhailovsky Castle adjoining the apartment of the chief where were engaged in drawing of maps and plans listened to lectures on special objects, read books from its private library. Already then P.K. Sukhtelen was famous for the hospitality - by a lunch many guests usually gathered, and young officers had an opportunity to get acquainted with the famous people of the time. After a lunch the guests, as a rule, gathered in the owner's office, and rare and valuable editions became a subject for a conversation often.

More detailed description of library is available in memoirs of F.F. Vigel who was regularly at P.K. Sukhtelen in the first years of aleksandrovsky reign: "Once a week I had to have dinner at it and, at last, received to be to be described in its office library which deserves. It is possible to imagine my amazement when I entered the former Throne hall of the emperor Pavel: it was in two lights, on perfectly painted plafond Jupiter Thunderer and all its Olympus was represented; under vyzolochenny eaves the coats of arms of all principalities Russian were visible; the place where there was a throne, was noticeable by the carved figures which remained over it, and the huge mirror in І2 or _z arshin of height was among the forgotten or left jewelry. But walls of a hall were goals, are not even coated; along it to a half of their height the shkapa painted a simple tree without glasses and curtains were closely put. And meanwhile, their regiments supported jewelry to which any bibliophile could envy: it seems, some elzevira were without account. Halls stood on the middle, one by one, prestrashny tables with boxes to a floor which stored other treasures in the subsoil: rare manuscripts, meetings of prints and medals, and from above were burdened with the volumes which are not placed still. The memory of the late sovereign so was still fresh that I involuntarily shuddered, and there was a minute in which it seemed to me that his angered shadow rushed on a peace office of the wise man. What contrast! Where until recently tremblingly there passed courtiers, there daily on the whole hours the husband of good and science was blissfully happy. He was on -

the standing bibliomaniac. It is such luxury on which satisfaction time and thrift are most of all required. The general P.K. Sukhtelen not poor and not rich, all life used a half of income on purchase of books and on the death left to the successors such library which was acquired by treasury because any private person was not able to buy it. In the company of him, ordinary made of the famous travelers, artists and scientists, I could be then only a listener"/17/.

Originally Swedes met the Russian general in whom they saw the main responsible for rejection of Finland, extremely unfriendly. It was necessary to reckon with these moods: P.K. Sukhtelen formally was not appointed to a diplomatic post but only it is equated to a rank of the extraordinary envoy. Pyotr Korniliyevich put a lot of effort to incline public opinion of residents of the capital of Sweden in own favor. He "held the open house", regularly giving balls and arranging refined lunches which were visited by members of a royal surname. Among his guests there were diplomats, scientists, writers, fans of fine arts. P.K. Sukhtelen's house on Drottningsgatan, 86 and his extensive library became a city attraction which all a little famous or notable foreigners coming to Stockholm sought to visit.

According to contemporaries, there was no case that the foreigner was presented at the Royal Court before of a visit to the count P.K. Sukhte-lenu. On Thursdays at Pyotr Korniliyevich mainly diplomats, ministers, the high-ranking government officials and the famous travelers gathered: gofkantsler G. Vetterstedt, Minister of Foreign Affairs L. von Engestroem, Minister of Justice M. Rosenblad, king's secretary background D. Shultsenkheym, diplomat K. Palmsterna, etc. On Saturdays it were generally scientists, writers and fans of art: I. Askelyof, I. Bertselius, sculptors Y. Byustryom and E. Goethe, professor K. Mosander, columns F. To Ridderstolpa, M.Ya. Kruzenstolpa, etc. Itself P.K. Sukhtelen called Saturday meetings of "joumey de savants" (evenings of men of science). Here what wrote about one Swedish contemporary is mute: "The courtesy of the general Sukhtelen to writers and artists was reflected in his way of life. Many of them were his constant guests and had the device at its table. For literary lunches the special day a week to which not only writers, but also fans of literature and art were invited was appointed... The serious education which had in the basis classical sciences, enormous erudition, wide experience did any communication with it pleasant and instructive"/18/.

P.K. Sukhtelen's contacts with the Swedish scientists were not limited in the evenings in his house. Royal academy he presented 13-volume collected works of Aldrovandi on natural history, the rare edition of the 17th century, to the Numismatical office of the university in Uppsala - 182 antique coins and medals. Provided to the royal antiquary and the historiographer Y. Hallenberg 12 Indian coins which that described in the research "Numismata og_ep: a1_a". For replenishment of the library and a collection of manuscripts P.K. Sukhtelen actively used diplomatic channels thanks to what necessary editions and documents arrived from different places, first of all from the European capitals. So, the Swedish ambassador in Paris columns Mr. Lyovenjelm regularly organized delivery to Stockholm of boxes with the books which were purchased by P.K. Sukhtelen. In 1826 Lyoven-elm bought for him the rare edition of the Portuguese poet Kamoens for 2 thousand 400 francs. The most part of autographs of the American figures was received from the American diplomats accredited in Stockholm - K. Hughes and Appleton. Some autographs arrived from the French diplomat O. de Talneille and the English diplomat Blumfild. P.K. Sukhtelen supported communications with the famous Swedish collectors of autographs: the count F. Ridderstolp and L. von Ang-stryomom who was also helping with replenishment of its collection/19/.

Certificates of Swedes on library of the count P.K. Sukhtelen remained. According to the writer I. Askelyofa, Pyotr Korniliyevich all the life kept "aspiration to universality, making in is mute so distinctive feature and is characteristic shown in a method on which it made the library". At the same time. As-kelyof noted resistant prejudice of the bibliophile against German: "He often bought more willingly mediocre French compositions for the library, than good German in the same subject, more willingly French translation with mistakes, than the German original"/20/. The certificate of one more writer is interesting, to M.Ya. Kruzenstolpa: "Rather book Sukhtelena collection can tell that the erudite Russian general cared for the cost of books and manuscripts in general a little if only only they interested him"/21/.

After P.K. Sukhtelen's death, on January 6, 1836 in Stockholm (in the same place it is also buried. - A.P.), the fate of library and its forthcoming export to Russia were alarming in a circle of his former acquaintances. I. Askelyof wrote about it: "With the death of the count van Sukhtelen the Stockholm will inevitably lose this library. This loss will be very an oshchutitelna. In particular it will comprehend fans and experts on graceful. For them will not be

from now on nothing that would correspond to it. In Stockholm there is no grandee who would supply himself with the most noteworthy and most precious creations which left and are always published, and made it for all available as the count van Sukhtelen on the death did that. Its collection of manuscripts which according to the contents is less known was other sight. In this meeting there are letters and with own hand signed documents of the Swedish noteworthy faces in such set that they can be honored a treasure for historians and cannot be replaced if are taken out from here. We are meanwhile obliged to his diligence to collecting of rarities that the most part from these manuscripts is at least saved from destruction which, especially in the last times, became so ordinary in Sweden that many important or entertaining acts find the grave in petty benches". The certificate on availability of books from library is very important. About same the pastor Mr. Shyonbek to whom P.K. Sukhtelen allowed to take "in temporary use so many books how many will wish"/23/wrote.

At the end of September, 1836 the America military transport delivered wonderful library under the will of the count P.K. Sukhtelen to St. Petersburg. From the ship the boxes transported in department of the General Staff where there was their further distribution. The Minister of War, the count A.I. Chernyshev charged consideration of "a set of catalogs" to the managing director of department of the General Staff general F.F. Schubert/3/, to that which got acquainted with P.K. Sukhte-lena's library in the Mikhailovsky Castle. It was the educated general and the bibliophile. He developed the plan of distribution of library between the largest book-depositories subsequently approved as the emperor Nicholas I.

In the Russian State Military and Historical Archive (RSMHA) there is fund 93 "Sukhtelen Pyotr Kornilyevich (1772-1913)", consisting of 996 units of storage/25/. So, correspondence "On the relation of the chief of the General sea staff of its Majesty about transfer to the Ministry of Defence of the library of the dead brought from Stockholm the engineer [-] of the general count Sukhtelen" is stored in one of archivings consisting of 185 sheets. The chief of the General Sea staff addressed on September 29, 1836 with the letter addressed to the Minister of War in whom he noted: "The sovereign the emperor is most tallest deigned to enjoin: the engineer [-] the general count Sukhtelen to hand over the library of the dead transported from Stockholm on the military transport in the Ministry of Defence..."/6/. The Minister of War A.N. Chernyshov on October 6, 1836, addressing the Minister of Finance, wrote,

that the library delivered from Stockholm "... goes into the disposal of the library of the General Staff, for the exclusive use of this headquarters founded, for this reason of the rule of censorship cannot be extended to it, and therefore the order to acceptance of library of the count Sukhtelen"/7/is made.

10 October, 1836 "The report on department of the General Staff" for No. 2337 "About distribution of library of the count Sukhtelen" was submitted. In the first official report to the Minister of War F.F. Schubert briefly characterized a meeting: "the .biblioteka consists of 41.000 volyum (volumes, books. - A.P.), included in catalogs, are in this number more than 900 volyum of the so-called incunables (the compositions pechatanny in XV and XVI centuries) differing in good preservation; 4.000 volyum of the most rare editions and editions de luxe; about 1.000 volyum, compositions consisting of engravings (somehow: Musees, Voyages pittoresques etc.). The main richness of this library consists in classics, history and in divinity. Moreover, is available without catalogs: 8 boxes with manuscripts, from which many east and very precious. 3 boxes with autographs, the meeting this making special whole and to library not belonging are known across the whole Europe. 13 boxes containing a collection of maps which is precious in the relation to ancient and rare cards. 13 boxes containing from 26 t. up to 30 t. academic theses"/8/.
by

In the report draws such conclusion ". that this library, at all the jewelry mostly consists of the books absolutely alien to that purpose for which the library of the General Staff is founded, meanwhile, as they extremely would enrich Imperial Public library. For premises of all library of the count P.K. Sukhte-lena there is no place in the General Staff. If the library of the General Staff is cleaned from all books which are not must according to the contents to be in it (about carrying out of that measure I will have honor to present to your Excellency shortly a reason), then it will be possible though hardly to place in this library still up to 10 thousand volyum"/9/.

Thus, the volume of all fund of library of P.K. Sukhtelen stretched to 70 thousand volumes, apart from manuscripts and maps. Those years it was the largest bibliophile meeting belonging to the Russian citizen. It surpasses the known private collections of the count D.P. Buturlin, the count N.P. Rumyantsev and A.D. Chertkov in volume. But from them only the meeting of the count D.P. Buturlin also had universal character, in two others editions on the history of Russia and the adjacent states were collected.

The following distribution of library was offered. ".1) To transfer the boxes marked in the list under letter A concluding the compositions relating to mathematics, military arts, history, geography and travel, in total about 13 thousand in-lyumov to library of the General Staff, after consideration of it, those from compositions which will be excessive because there are already those in our library [] as well as which will belong to Nautica (navigation. - A.P.) and navigation art to transfer to library of Hydrographic depot of the Sea ministry.

2) 13 boxes marked in the same list A, concluding maps and plans to transfer to Military and Topographical depot.
3) To transfer the boxes marked in the submitted list under letter V with the books relating to divinity, education, jurisprudence, trade, philosophy, diplomatics, physics, natural history, economy, medicine, architecture, a technologika, fiction, classics, antiquities, the bibliography, church history, heraldry, mix and the encyclopedia, in total about 28 thousand volyum to Imperial Public library.
4) And 3 boxes with autographs marked in the same list B to transfer 8 boxes with manuscripts evenly to Imperial Public library after consideration of it the Asian manuscripts were transferred to the Asian muzeum of Imperial Academy of Sciences.
5) 13 boxes marked in the inventory In, containing about 30 t. the academic theses to transfer to library of the Aleksandrovsky university which is in Helsingfors (the Swedish name of the capital of Finland - Helsinki. - A.P.)"/10/. At the end of the report it is told about need to accelerate decision-making on distribution of library of P.K. Sukhtelen ".poty that for the lack of at all free space in structures of the house of the General Staff all these bulky and heavy boxes are put in the convenient location under gate and though behind their preservation in integrity there is a strict observation, but on the present has to be afraid of an adverse effect of dampness on them"/11/. The final decision on the fate of library of P.K. Sukhtelen was accepted personally by the emperor Nicholas I. He agreed with the above-stated offers on distribution of library of the count P.K. Sukhtelen.

After distribution of books and manuscripts to new owners the lieutenant general F.F. Schubert prepared the final sheet about distribution of the former library the engineer general of the count Sukhtelen ".s the indication of number of boxes and approximately numbers of volyum: I. In library General

headquarters and Military and Topographical depot: a) 58 boxes with books to 13.000, b) 13 boxes with maps and plans. II. In Imperial Public library: a) 144 boxes with books to 26.000, c) 3 boxes with autographs, 6 boxes with manuscripts; 2 boxes with the remained manuscripts, behind confiscation east, in Imperial Public library are not handed over yet. III. In the Hermitage - 17 boxes of books with prints approximately to 1.000. IV. In Academy of Arts 3 boxes with books as regards arts - to 800. V. In Engineering library-4 boxes with books in architecture to 600. VI. In Educational office of east languages at Asian department - 95 east manuscripts. VII. In the Asian muzeum at Academy of Sciences - 35 east manuscripts. VIII. In the Aleksandrovsky university in Helsingfors - 13 boxes from 26 t. - 30 t. scientific theses"/24/.

The lieutenant general F.F. Schubert in the letter "About assessment of the former library the engineer general of the count P.K. Sukhtelen" of December 29, 1836 addressed to the Minister of War A.N. Chernyshov noted: "This library is brought together. within 45 years, also has popularity across the whole Europe: it is not a collection of books for the ordinary use; but the meeting made by the bibliomaniac also [] therefore, comprises mostly books old, rare, best editions. From the latest books, book trade of components, it has small number. Though at this library there is a systematic catalog but as all books are not marked with numbers and laid in boxes not according to this catalog, and in that order in which were delivered to Stockholm in a home of count, the systematic catalog when dismantling compositions cannot bring any benefit nowadays."/12/. In this situation the Imperial Public library offers ". to invite for the marked assessment of local book sellers: in my opinion [] this measure cannot be assumed for the reason at all that from all persons who are engaged in assessment of books rare, booksellers an essence appraisers the most incapable and less others in this business expert. In general, it seems to me that the treasury does not need to have an exact, but the general rough estimate of the told library. Three years of work will be necessary that to estimate everything, to put in order"/13/.

Further the lieutenant general F.F. Schubert, addressing the Minister of War A.N. Chernyshov, wrote: ". Your Excellency desired to be in a personal short contact with the late count Sukhtelen; for my part I was lucky enough to use its protection, and subsequently friendship from the early childhood. Both of us know that the late count, conducting life not magnificent, all rest of the considerable contents upot-

reblyal on increase in the library. Let's put, and this is very moderate that it annually spent for this subject 15 thousand rubles bank notes, that this will prove that the library cost it 700 thousand rubles bank notes. If the treasury gives for it 500 thousand rubles bank notes, - having paid nowadays cash 100 thousand rubles for a covering of its consisting debts and costs, some for the late father, at the introduction in inheritance suffered, - other behind this the sum was paid in the next 4 years 100 thousand rubles annually with the specified percent"/14/. In archiving also other number concerning the cost of library of P.K. Sukhtelen was given. This library could cost and 1 million 200 thousand rubles/15/.

Nicholas I agreed with offers on an occasion of payments to relatives for P.K. Sukhtelen's library. He wrote: "To mister Minister of War! . I rule to give out to you nowadays

100 thousand rubles of the general economic capital of the Ministry of Defence on account of a part of this library which came to department of the Ministry of Defence. Nicholas. SPb. On March 19, 1837"/16/.

Paid to successors from the State treasury 500 thousand rubles with an installment payment for four years. It was the sum enormous for those times, the decision on this question was made at a meeting of Committee of ministers. Any individual could not to get such values. Only the treasury could buy this collection.

In spite of the fact that archive materials show one date of distribution of the former library of P.K. Sukhtelen, also other versions take place. In a number of editions several dates of accession of a part of a book meeting of P.K. Sukhtelen to library of the General and General staff are given.

1. According to Nicholas I's decision, this extremely rare, precious and rich collection of books in number of 20 thousand volumes at the beginning of the 50th of the 19th century was presented to library of the General Staff. This gift became the most substantial contribution to book fund of library. In this collection there are a lot of very rare compositions which are not available even in Imperial Public library/5/.
2. There is also other date of accession of library of P.K. Sukhtelen to library of the General and General staff. In 1834 in it about 4 thousand books from library of the headquarters of the Guards case were delivered, approximately in the same time the emperor Nicholas I presented to General staff the rich library/1/bought after the death of the count P.K. Sukhtelen.

In our opinion, most correct date can be 1836 as this year bibliote-

it was delivered from Stockholm and it is distributed between the largest book-depositories of Russia. This year the son of the late count P.K. Sukhtelen received a part of money for library of the father from the State treasury. As for start date of the 50th of the 19th century, redistribution of a part of a book meeting is possible here. In 1834 the library could not be presented in any way to General staff as was still abroad.

After distribution of all library of P.K. Sukhtelen in Imperial Public library there were about 30 thousand authors - state and political figures, writers and scientists, artists and musicians of Western Europe and America and 262 medieval codes. All collection of manuscripts, except for east, came to this library. It is extraordinary extensive, and its exact volume is still unknown. It is possible to speak only about approximate figures: 262 covers and more than 40 thousand separate documents. This calculation will inevitably remain approximate before completion of full scientific processing of all meeting consisting of several separate complexes of documents. The central place in a collection of manuscripts is taken by a collection of autographs. Now it is stored in 108 folders (cardboards), in total more than 13 thousand units of storage. The collection of autographs already repeatedly drew attention of researchers, but still remains a well of historical documents unknown to science. Its nearly a quarter is the share of the Swedish autographs. This results from the fact that during life in Stockholm P.K. Sukhtelen actively was engaged in collecting. In a collection there were several archives of the Swedish scientists: the chemist I. Bertselius (gave 158 letters), botanists O. Svarts and I.E. Vikstryom, the philologist L. Nour-rmana, the orientalist I. Byyornstal. Here the archive of the Swedish chancellor Oksensherna is stored (1583-1654). In a collection of manuscripts there was an archive of the whole state, so-called Westphalian archive (22 cardboards, more than 14 thousand units of storage). Generally it is the documents of 1812-1813 relating to activity of the main police and gendarmerie, royal guard and army, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and administrative bodies. The separate complex of documents makes archive of the Venetian publisher Angelo Kaloger (1699-1766) in which letters of the Italian cultural figures are collected mainly. It was acquired for P.K. Sukhtelen in 1832 by his constant suppliers, the Parisian book sellers brothers Frer de Bur. 262 covers, including several illyuminovanny environments - entered a collection of manuscripts

not century codes: The menologion and the Canon law relating to the 13th century; The Bible, two chapels and the list of the treatise of F. Petrarch "Bie geshe_8 Rog_ipaye's utriusque", written in the 14th century; four Books of Hours and "Bgeu_ag_ish goshapish", created in the 15th century. In character the library of the count P.K. Sukhtelen was the largest Russian bibliophile universal meeting of the time: in it the best compositions on all fields of knowledge, in all European languages were submitted. P.K. Sukhtelen strictly adhered to the known bibliophile principle: "the best books in excellent safety" therefore definition "Sukhtelen's copy" and now is quality characteristic for librarians. Experienced librarians easily find them on shelves, being guided only by a cover back. As a part of library there was a number of separate collections: incunabulums, palaeotypes, elzevira, editions of the known printers of the 18th century - D. Bodoni, A. Valpi, A. Mayo, Zh. Barba, D. Baskerville, F. and P. Dido, L. About.

Unlike the "Florentine" library of the count D.P. Buturlin which is sold out in 18391841 at the Parisian book auction for 300 thousand francs, the book and hand-written meeting of the count P.K. Sukhtelen returned to Russia and considerably filled up funds of the largest book-depositories. Now "Sukhtelen's copies" can be met in libraries of Russia, Finland, Poland and Sweden/22/.

A number of conferences is devoted to studying a book meeting of P.K. Sukhtelen. So, the international conference on "A meeting of the count P.K. Sukhtelen in National Library of Russia", organized RNB and Consulate general of the Kingdom of the Netherlands took place on October 14, 1997. On October 18-19, 2001 RNB, Institute of Finland and the Dutch institute in St. Petersburg held the international conference "Sukhtelenovsky Readings" devoted to the 250 anniversary since the birth of the famous bibliophile count Pyotr Korniliyevich Sukhtelen (1751-1836).

List of references

1. Library of the General and General staff//Military encyclopedia. - PB., 1911. - T. 4 - Page 538.
2. Varadel, S. Graf P.K. Sukhtelen (his characteristic on the Swedish sources)//the Russian old times.-1903. - No. 8; Roginsky, V.V. Sweden and Russia. Union 1812 / V.V. Roginsky. - M, 1978; Guzevich, D.Yu. Pyotr Kornilovich fan of Sukhtelen / Yu. Guzevich, I.D. Guzevich//Nevsky archive. - SPb., 2001. - T. 5; Sukhtelenovsky readings: materials mezhdunar. nauch. konf., posvyashch. to the 250 anniversary since the birth of the count P.K. Sukhtelen. - SPb., 2002; Vershinin, A.A. Sukhtelen Pyotr Kornilovich / A.A. Vershinin//Patriotic war of 1812: encyclopedia. - M, 2004. - Page 685.
3. Head hydrographic department//Military encyclopedia. - PB., 1910. - T. 8. - Page 328.
4. Pavel Petrovich Graff Sukhtelen//Collection of biographies of kavalergard. - M, 2001. - T. 3: 1801-1825. - Page 114.
5. Latsinsky, A.S. Biblioteka of the General and General staff 1811-1911: krat. emergence essay-ki, development and current state/Ampere-second. Latsinsky. - SPb., 1911. - Page 2-3; Military and historical library of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. - SPb., 1996. - Page 5-6; Libraries military//the Military the encyclopedic lexicon published by Society of military and writers. - SPb., 1853. - T. 2. - Page 306; Libraries military//the Military the encyclopedic lexicon published by Society of military and writers. - SPb., 1858. - T. 2. - Page 324; Concerning opening of library of General staff//Voyen. sb. - 1875. - No. 2. - Page 163.
6. Russian State Military and Historical Archive, t. 38, op. 5, 215, l. 1.
7. In the same place, l. 13.
8. In the same place, l. 14 about.
9. In the same place, l. 14, 14 about., 15.
10. In the same place, l. 15, 15 about., 16.
11. In the same place, l. 16.
12. In the same place, l. 129 about.
13. In the same place, l. 131 about., 132.
14. In the same place, l. 132 about., 134.
15. In the same place, l. 140 about.
16. In the same place, l. 140 about.
17. Shoemakers, A.I. Sukhtelen Pyotr Korniliyevich (Jean Pierre) [Electronic resource] / A.I. Sapozhnikov. - the access Mode: / Yr://^gmgmg.p1g. hectare / агМа1’ £ ^уЬіе1еп. _sh.
18. In the same place.
19. In the same place.
20. In the same place.
21. In the same place.
22. In the same place.
23. In the same place.
24. In the same place.
25. Funds of Russian State Military and Historical Archive: short sprav. - M, 2001. - Page 528.

Material came to edition of 28.09.2006

Information about the author: Anatoly Mikhaylovich Panchenko is the colonel, the candidate of historical sciences, the chief of research and publishing department, ph. (383) 332-50-45, additional 4-70

Willie Gomez
Other scientific works: