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ROLE of the DEPARTMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN IMPLEMENTATION of TOURIST ACTIVITY In 1950-1985 (on the example of the Oryol Region)



andry RUBANIK

The ROLE of the DEPARTMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN IMPLEMENTATION of TOURIST ACTIVITY In 1950-1985 (on the example of the Oryol Region)

In the offered article the activity of regional tourism organizations, their forms and methods of management on the basis of materials of State Archive of the Oryol Region is investigated. The prospect of use of historical experience in practice of development of modern tourism is considered.

This article is based on the materials of the State Record Office of Orel Region. It is devoted to the activity of regional tourist organizations and its management methods. The author examines perspectives of the historical experience use in practice of modern tourism.

tourism, excursion, ideology, organizations, international, youth; tourism, excursion, ideology, organizations, international, youth.

RUBANIK

Andrey

Sergeyevich —

graduate student of department

history of Russia

university

apeu160187@uap-

dex.ru

In modern Russia when by the state it is asked about need of development of domestic, entrance and regional tourism especially relevant the consideration of that historical experience which was accumulated during the most active development of tourism in regions in 1950 — 1985, on the example of concrete Russian regions is.

State policy on tourism during the considered period had a number of features. First, tourism was strongly ideologized. Secondly, it was not considered as economically significant industry. Thirdly, there was no special tourist legislation and uniform tourist administration both on all-Union, and at the regional level.

Control in the sphere of tourism was exercised of the organizations which in the activity were guided by own program documents and provisions and also directives and instructions of higher departments.

In development of tourism during the considered period it is expedient to allocate the following directions: children's tourism, youth travel, domestic tourism of the working citizens, foreign tourism.

The organization of rest of the population which was carried out in two directions became the priority direction in the field of domestic tourism: cultural events and sanatornokurortny improvement.

Domestic tourism was under authority of labor unions which were engaged in promotion of the ideas of mass tourism among the working citizens and also allocated grants for trips to sanatoria, holiday houses and for resorts.

The Oryol committees of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions paid close attention to the organization of rest and improvement of citizens' health. At the beginning of the 50th of the 20th century the employees and workers of the enterprises of area had an opportunity to visit the resorts of the Crimea, the Caucasus and the Rostov Region

In 1964. The central tourist and excursion office of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions for further development of mass organized tourism in the Oryol Region and improvements of tourist infrastructure made the decision on creation Oryol oblast-

a leg of Council on turizmu1. The main directions it activity were: promoting of the ideas of mass tourism, support and development of tourist infrastructure of the Oryol Region, holding practical actions and methodical consultations for guides and organizers of tourism.

In the Oryol Region the long time was not the organization dealing with issues of foreign tourism. The Joint-stock company on foreign tourism to the USSR of Intourist (formed on February 7, 1933 by the special resolution of Presidium of the Central Election Commission of the USSR on merge of the State joint-stock company of Intourist and All-Union joint-stock company "Hotel") operated on all-Union level. In regions, representative offices of society — the agency were created.

The decision on creation of the agency VAO "Intourist" in Oryol was made by the Moscow board of society only in 1955 2

Service of foreign tourists in the territory of the area was the main task of the agency. The agency had the settlement account. It independently disposed allocated to it materialnotekhnichesky and in cash, organized work of the approved staff.

In February, 1961 the agency VAO "Intourist" organized the first trip of the Oryol tourists abroad.

For trip abroad the Soviet citizens needed to present to the commission at committee of labor union characteristic recommendation, the questionnaire and the health certificate.

In characteristic recommendation of the tourist who is going abroad had to find the reflection "degree of political consciousness and moral qualities of the tourist, his relation to work, participation in public life, behavior on production and in life". Characteristic was certified by the signature of the director (establishment), the secretary of the party organization and the chairman of factory or local committee of labor union.

the Peak of attendance of the Oryol Region on

1 State Archive of the Oryol Region (SAOR), t. 3766, op. 1, 2, l. 31-32.
2 GAOO, t. 3584, op. 1, 1, l. 1.

lines of Intourist fell on 1974 — 1979 (over 7000 foreign tourists annually). At the beginning of the 80th the flow of the foreigners visiting the area in the tourist purposes began to decrease and by 1985 actually came to naught.

Children's tourism in the Oryol Region prior to the beginning of the 1950th was under authority of regional department of national education (further — oblono) and partially — city committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League.

In 1953 in the sphere of the organization of children's tourism in the Oryol Region there were significant changes. At regional department of national education the children's excursion and tourist station was open (further — DETS).

Coordination of youth travel was in competence of regional and city committees of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. In 1973 for activization of tourist exchanges between the states and development of social youth travel at regional committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League the Oryol office of Bureau of the international youth travel of Satellite (BMMT of Satellite) opened.

Tourist exchanges were carried out on the basis of long-term contractual documents and annually signed protocols on cooperation. To the USSR (including and to the Oryol Region) annually there came activists of the unions of youth of France, Belgium, Italy, Great Britain, Lebanon, Finland, Austria, etc. At the initiative of the youth organizations in Oryol the club of international friendship with youth of Bulgaria was created.

From the moment of opening of BMMT "Satellite" in Oryol the annual growth of volumes of youth travel by 14 — 18% is noted. The Oryol Region at the beginning of the 70th through BMMT "Satellite" was left on rest and excursions by over 3000 people 3

It is obvious that during the period from 1970 to 1985 the tourist sphere was in the Oryol Region at the highest stage of development. By this time the extensive material and technical resources were created, will reach the peak of number of the citizens involved in tourist and excursion activity.

Use of historical experience of the departmental organizations of the Oryol Region can be useful in practice of modern tourism.

3 GAOO, f.1283, op.79, 95, l.5.
Emma Brooke?
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