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Professor Alexey Mikhaylovich Kuzmin (to the 115 anniversary since birth)



20. GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. Of 1585. L. 147-148, 156. 36 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 103.

21. GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. Of 1585. L. 161, 161a. 37 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 38-39. Addition: On February 19 -
22. HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 150. T. 12. L. 48. day of an abolition of serfdom in Russia.
23. HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T. 8. Letter A. L. 1. 38 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 70. L. 272.
24. HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 78. L. 230-240. 39 GATO. T. 194. Op. 1. 25. L. 17.
25. GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. Of 1585. L. 170-174. 40 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 67, 103.
26. GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. Of 1585. L. 178. 41 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 50.
27. HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T. 8. L. 4-5. 42 HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T 8. Letter A. L. 23 b.
28. GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. Of 1585. L. 182, 185. 43 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 50.
29. HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T. 8. Letter A. L. 13-16, 23. 44 GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 70. L. 272.
30. State Archive of the Omsk Region (SAOR). T. 25. Op. 1. 45 HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T 8. L. 16.
68. L. 34-35. 46 GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. 1811. L. 101.
31. GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 10-11. 47 HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T 8. L. 28, 30-31.
32. GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 50. 48 GATO. T. 126. Op. 2. 1811. L. 139, 142, 223, 227, 231; T. 411.
33. GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 70. L. 48-49. Op. 1. 92. L. 99, 102-103.
34. GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 28. 49 HECTARE of the Russian Federation. F. DP OO. 1898. 3. Part 213. T. 8. L. 48.
35. GAOO. T. 25. Op. 1. 68. L. 74. 50 GATO. T. 411. Op. 1. 92. L. 225, 268.

UDC 549 (092)

PROFESSOR ALEXEY MIKHAYLOVICH KUZMIN (to the 115 anniversary since birth)

A.Ya. Pshenichkin

Tomsk Polytechnic University of E-mail: lev@tpu.ru

Life and activity of professor Alexey Mikhaylovich Kuzmin (1891-1980), one of outstanding researchers of subsoil of Siberia, the head of the department of mineralogy and a crystallography of the Tomsk polytechnical institute is described.

Alexey Mikhaylovich was born on March 29, 1891 in Simsky the Plant of the Ufa province (nowadays Chelyabinsk region) in family of petty bourgeoises. His father, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1868-1935), served in post and cable department till 1905 in Chita, then - in St. Petersburg. In 1906 he with the daughter Valentina went to France where he died. According to one of versions he is an inventor of the teletype. Mother, Aleksandra Viktorovna (nee Volkova, 1872-1901), was engaged in a household. Alexey Mikhaylovich for the reason unknown to us remained in Russia (perhaps not to interrupt training in a gymnasium) and was brought up probably by the brother of the father who was a sexton.

Therefore in some papers it was mentioned that the rural sexton was Alexey Mikhaylovich's father.

Upon termination of a gymnasium A.M. Kuzmin in 1912, arrived on natural-historical office of physical and mathematical faculty of the Kazan university where from the 2nd course specialized on mineralogy and geology. Graduated from the university in 1916 with the diploma of the 1st degree and a rank of the candidate of natural sciences and it was left at department of mineralogy and petrography for preparation for a professorial rank. At the request of Kazan

go societies of scientists, summer of 1916 it collected petrographic material around Berezovsky of the gold field in the Urals.

Since October 1, 1918 according to the order of the minister of national education Alexey Mikhaylovich was attached as the professorial scholar to the Tomsk Institute of Technology and was at this position till January 1, 1921

He took part in 1919 in work of a congress on the organization of Institute of researches of Siberia in Tomsk. In 1927-1931 was a scientific secretary of the West Siberian office of Geological committee and the deputy chief of ZSGU. Together with M.A. Usov supervised all research work of management and Geolkom. Since July 1, 1930 managed department of the Siberian Prospecting institute. Since April, 1933 - the acting professor and the head of the department of mineralogy, and since 1934 - the dean of geological soil and geographical faculty of TGU. From 1935 to 1974 stretch directed department of mineralogy and a crystallography of TTI-TPI. On December 23, 1936 A.M. Kuzmin was approved in professor's rank, and on March 17, 1937 - in an academic degree of the candidate of geological and mineralogical sciences without defense of a thesis. In 1947-1948 was the senior research associate of the West Siberian branch Academy of Sciences of the USSR

On March 13, 1948 A.M. Kuzmin (fig. 1) defended the doctoral dissertation "The periodic and rhythmic phenomena in mineralogy and geology" representing deep philosophical and methodological work. On the basis of generalization of huge actual material and own experiments A.M. Kuzmin tried to formulate a certain general law on the continuous and faltering phenomena in geology, to give it quantitative interpretation. The thesis was directed to a response in many research and academic institutes (fig. 2) and got support of academicians V.A. Obruchev, M.A. Usov and other scientists. In A.M. Kuzmin's archive I saw the copy of the petition for award of doctor's degree to it, signed by the rector of TPI A.A. Vorobyov. Unfortunately, the thesis was not approved in VAK. A.M. Kuzmin's work did not lose relevance and now. Therefore the graduate of GRF TPI of 1968 Anatoly Maksimovich Sazonov, professor, of g - m of N, the head of the department of geology, mineralogists and petrography of the Krasnoyarsk state university of non-ferrous metals and gold undertook the obligation to publish this thesis in the form of the monograph.

All scientific and practical activities of A.M. Kuzmin were closely connected with studying geology and mineral raw materials of Western Siberia, with development of its productive forces in days of the first five-years periods. He is one of founders of modern views on the structure of the Al-taye-Sayanskoy folded region, for the first time gave for it the reasonable tektono-stratigraphic scheme and allocated a salairsky skladchatost.

Rice 2. The title page of the doctoral dissertation of A.M. Kuzmin

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In 1929 A.M. Kuzmin for the first time made the partition of deposits of Ice Age in Kuznetsk Alatau. Many years A.M. Kuzmin was closely connected with Kuznetsk Metallurgical Combine. They were given the first assessment of the platform on which the iron and steel works is constructed. Was engaged in search of iron ores, flux limestones and refractory clay for plant. In 1930 Alexey Mikhaylovich raised a question of search in Gornaya Shoriya of new fields of iron which were found subsequently (Kondomsky group). With its direct participation carbonate ores on the Mazulsky field of manganese were discovered.

A.M. Kuzmin was the first scientist who in 20 of the 20th century proved a possibility of finding of bauxite ores in the territory from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean and, in particular, in the territory of Western Siberia and a northern part of Kazakhstan that completely was confirmed by later researches. A.M. Kuzmin was engaged in studying coal-fields and salt sources, limestones of the Solominsky Region of Kuzbass, a zolotonosnost of the Priteletsky area in Mountain Altai, Darasunsky, Ilinsky and Lyubavinsky fields in Transbaikalia. In the period of the Great Patriotic War assisted the Tuimsky tungsten mine (Khakassia) in studying geology and the direction of mountain and operational works.

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To Alexey Mikhaylovich it is constant obrashcha-In 1932 professor of Siberian Geologo-Razvedoch-addressed A.M. Kuzmin with the memo of foxes for consultations scientists, geologists proizvod-

stvenny and scientific organizations. Here only two leg of institute M.A. Usov: "Memo

example. No. 257 of 10.10.1932 to A.M. Kuzmin. Mnogouvazhaye-

Fig. 4. Original of telegram E. M. Senderzona to A.M. Kuzmin 264

my Alexey Mikhaylovich, is received request from Zhel-dorstroy for a possibility of carrying out the railway line on taluses of the western slope of Mustaga. Report, please, which of geologists (m b. You) he is familiar with these places and could consult on the matter. With greetings, M. Usov" (fig. 3).

In 1950 the chief of one of parties which is to Leninsk-Kuznetsk E.M. Senderzon (graduate of GRF TPI of 1938) cables: "Tomsk, Polytechnical Institute, Prospecting faculty, to professor Kuzmin. Tomorrow on October 20 I send you the plane the pilot Golovin I ask to be to the airport of 14 hours. Senderzon" (fig. 4). Whether was then much scientists for whom sent the plane?

During long-term works A.M. Kuzmin collected extensive material on the periodic and rhythmic phenomena in geology, mineralogy and a layer education and published the monograph "Layer and Stratification" - the first detailed research of the thinnest nuances in dynamics of processes of education and adjournment of precipitation. Volume work was highly appreciated by academicians V.A. Obruchev and D.V. Na-livkina, A.G. Betekhtin.

In the late fifties - the beginning of the 60th A.M. Kuzmin concentrated the attention on problems of mineralogy, a crystallography and theoretical petrography. It described mineral hyogbomit from Gornaya Shoriya, at more detailed research appeared ibonity. It is the second find iboni-that in the world (the first was made on the island of Madagascar). It published the monograph on alkaline field spars with original conclusions about their genesis. Its works in the field of mass crystallization and the nature of imperfection of the structure of crystals are valuable. Alexey Mikhaylovich saw a source of the movement of hydrothermal solutions in concentration streams. These works were performed by it in cooperation with physicists and technologists of semiconductor production of the defense industry.

In 50-in geology the great interest to a problem of a source of magmas and ores is shown. Using the hypsometric distribution law of matter which is to the field of terrestrial inclination and also experiments on crystallization of solutions at many levels in convection streams Alexey Mikhaylovich showed the possible course of evolution of composition of magmatic fusions in earth crust and came to a conclusion, unusual to the time: the internal structure of liquid on border of phase transitions appears the closest to the structure of the crystals which are dropping out of it.

Alexey Mikhaylovich stood at the origins of a problem "A thunderstorm in the earth" which in the late sixties - the beginning of the 70th was developed by group of scientists under the leadership of professor A.A. Vorobyov. In personal archive of A.M. Kuzmin I found several hand-written leaves according to the description of opening. To Na-livkina one of leaves by A.M. Kuzmin's hand it is written:

"In committee on affairs of inventions and opening at Council of ministers of the USSR. Moscow, Center, M. Cherkassky Kuzmin Alec Lane. Mikh., professor, to. - N kaf. miner. and krist. Tomsk. watered. and - that, Tomsk-4, Sovetskaya, 73, apartment 1, ph. 92.

Statement

Applying the listed documents are lower, I ask to issue me the diploma on opening under the name "The Phenomena of Electric Discharges of Thunderstorms in the Depths of Earth and Emergence of Seismic Waves and Earthquakes".

I claim: I am the only author of this opening.

Application:

1) The description of opening subscribed by the author to 8

sheets in 3 copies

2) A response of department of geophysics I-that on _____ sheets in 3

The author -"

Na-livkina the following pages was described an essence of opening (fig. 5). There is no date. But, judging by that talk which is with us, the staff of department of mineralogy and a crystallography, A.M. Kuzmin conducted on this problem - it is somewhere the middle of the 60th of the last century. The future of materials on opening is unknown.

A.M. Kuzmin within 40 years managed department of mineralogy and a crystallography of TPI, gave lectures on a crystallography, mineralogy and geochemistry. He cared for development of educational and scientific laboratory base of department. One of the first in TPI organized X-ray diffraction and spectral laboratories at department. Under its management the graduate of GRF TPI 1963 M. Gold created unit for determination of age of rocks and minerals by a potassium-argon method which was in the 215th lecture hall of 1 academic building. For a mineralogical research of ores binocular microscopes were got, and gas was carried out to the 216th audience, and students by means of a soldering tube "blew" a regulus and, using chemical reactions, carried out diagnostics of ore minerals.

With great attention A.M. Kuzmin treated education of students, graduate students, young scientists. I will give such example from personal contact with Alexey Mikhaylovich. In 1975 I came to it with article where tried to prove that except pyrite of a cubic singoniya there can be also a polymorphic modification of FeS2 of a trigonal singoniya. Alexey Mikhaylovich did not begin to abuse me as "the yellow-beaked scientist" that I threatened on "founders" (that, unfortunately, was at one of conferences in Leningrad: "How?! Do you subject to doubts of coryphaeuses?!"). He attentively listened to me, critical kindly "walked" on my conclusions and recommended to finish and publish. What I also made subsequently.

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It prepared about 50 candidates of science, many of which became doctors of science. Among his pupils: doctors of science A.G. Bakirov, O.M. Glazunov, A.F. Korobeynikov, V.V. Oleynikov,

V.S. Kuzebny, S.A. Stroitelev, G.V. Choubin; candidates of science A.I. Bazhenov, V.A. Yermolaev, TI. Poluektova, E.A. Babina, B.F. Nifantov, A.I. Kondakov, A.Ya. Pshenichkin and many others.

A.M. Kuzmin since 1933 was a part of editorial board of the works "Materials on Studying Siberia", was an editor of "TPI News". For many years he was the chairman of GEK of GGF TGU, the Honorary Chairman THAT World Meteorological Organization. Took active part in public life of institute, the city, it was three times elected the deputy of the Tomsk city council, in 1917 was a member of the party of Social Revolutionaries (left for failure to pay contributions). Had government awards: Order of the Badge of Honour, medals: "For valorous work in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945", "For valorous work. In commemoration of the 100 anniversary since the birth of V.I. Lenin", "Thirty years of a victory in the Great Patriotic War", "The veteran of work", the sign "Excellent Student of Exploration".

A.M. Kuzmin belonged to that category of scientists for whom work was the main business of life. For it there was no concept "holiday". Being already in old age left for field works. So in 1966, at the age of 75 years, it arrived to us with "inspection check" on the Lyubavinsky mine (Transbaikalia) where under the leadership of associate professor G.V. Choubin were carried out hozdo-

govorny works on studying prospects of a zolotonosnost of the Lyubavinsky ore field (by the way, G.V. Choubin was one of the first in TPI who since 1960 began to sign economic contracts with the production organizations). Having examined our works, Alexey Mikhaylovich several times went with us to many kilometers routes. A little dry and pedantic at department, in field conditions he was the laid-back interlocutor with whom we could "argue", still the unfledged scientist, proving the case. In routes, rising uphill, we, of course, by youth hurried and forgot about Alexey Mikhaylovich's age. And he not to remind us of it, stopped, lifted some sample of rock or ore and began us to examine meticulously: that it what consists of, its genesis; or on insignificant signs (as it seemed to us) could tell about the history of formation of the field or massif. And

reached me only later that it Alexey Mikhaylovich gave the chance to himself to make a respite - to have a rest at rise uphill and not to remind us that we are in different age categories.

Alexey Mikhaylovich was very unpretentious in life, walked in the winter in a light overcoat. Till an extreme old age liked to make foot walks to the country. The broad scientific outlook, big erudition and thin observation characterize Alexey Mikhaylovich as the scientist, and keenness and responsiveness - as person.

Alexey Mikhaylovich died on August 28, 1980. The light memory of it - the outstanding scientist and the teacher, the wonderful person remains in the hearts of his friends, scientists, colleagues.

In honor of A.M. Kuzmin the graduate of GRF TPI 1953 I. Vasilyev called the natural mineral discovered by them kuzminit Hg2 (Br, Cl).

Harold Henry Marcus
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