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Category: History

A.P. Pinkevich and his time (V.S. Volkov, G.A. Bordovsky, A.V. Vorontsov, Z.I. Vasilyeva, A.L. Vassoyevich, I.A. Lapina, V.A. Mosolov, A.A. Pinkevich's performances on the presentation of the book of V.S. Volkov)



v to a main library of the empress Maria Fyodorovna the presentation of the book of V.S. Volkov "The first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute in Petrograd took place: Pages of life of A.P. Pinkevich" (Series "Gertsenovsky university: Gold names").

At a meeting at a winter garden of library there were students, teachers, professors, the staff of the Gertsenovsky university, guests. The presentation was opened by V.S. Volkov and G.A. Bordovsky's performances. A.V. Vorontsov, Z.I. Vasilyeva, A.L. Vassoyevich, V.A. Mosolov, I.A. Lapina took part in discussion.

In conclusion A.P. Pinkevich's grandson — Alexey Albertovich Pinkevich acted. We publish these performances (with some reductions).

V.S. Volkov, professor of department of history

I would like to express gratitude to organizers of the presentation of this book. What from me was required as from the biographer A.P. Pinkevich — I told in the book. In a performance I want to report only how it was created and to share some lessons of research and literary work.

Considering that among participants of the presentation there are students having the small information about A.P. Pinkevich I will give about him the curriculum vitae. Albert Petrovich was born on December 24, 1883. He ended a gymnasium, then the Kazan university in Ufa. Participated in revolutionary performances in 1904-1906. From August, 1909 to July, 1914 taught in the Volsk teacher's seminary and Military school, in 1914-1917 worked, having moved to Petrograd, in Tenishevsky commercial school and territorial teacher's school. It was fond of a fiction, published 2 collections of stories. At the same time prepared several textbooks and grants by a technique of teaching natural sciences. In 1917 was fond of policy again, was a member of the Petrograd town council, the member of the Central committee of the Russian Social Democratic Party (integrated). Then departed from vigorous political activity, having focused on work at the higher school. He was the first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute in Petrograd, the first rector of the Ural university, in 1924-1930, the rector of the 2nd Moscow State University, in 1932-1936 held large posts in All-Union committee on the higher technical education. In 1937 fell a victim of Stalin repressions.

Such outstanding personality could not but draw attention of researchers. Her charm bypassed me. The first who drew my attention to Albert Petrovich was his son Albert Albertovich who still in the early eighties expressed wishes to create the scientific biography of his father. I began to be interested in A.P. Pinkevich's biography, even published about is mute two small articles. Then, as it is accepted to speak now, I received the responsible social order from administration: a wish offer to write the book

about Pinkevich it was made on behalf of administration and the rector G.A. Bordovsky the first vice rector V.A. Kozyrev. It served as a powerful incentive for purposeful work on collecting materials, their systematization and creation on this basis of the book presented today. I was lucky to receive the offer to write A.P. Pinkevich's biography for the Gold Names series to the critical period of my nauchnopedagogichesky activity. In four decades of study and teaching history the huge stock of knowledge, especially on stories of the Russian intellectuals, and professional skills in which realization I felt the need long ago collected. So the offer to write the book was for me very timely. Responsibility to administration, and expectation of possible reaction to future book by readers, first of all historians and teachers were an incentive in work on A.P. Pinkevich's biography also. The possible opinion of the Ural historian Mikhail Efimovich Gla-vatsky, author of several publications on A.P. Pinkevich and very qualified istochnikoved who is able to estimate all nuances of use of historical sources was of particular importance. There were many cases when, having found some document, having disclosed implication, the background of some source, having solved contents of his hint, I thought that it will meet Glavatsky's approval. For this "correspondence" stimulating role I want to express gratitude to Mikhail Efimovich.

Great efforts were demanded by search of materials in archives, on pages of capital and provincial newspapers and magazines. When the minimum of material was built and its systematization began, there was a question of a book genre, and then and literary receptions by means of which it would be possible to give to the narration dynamism and to provide to the book entertaining. As a result of reflections I was inclined being the basis for structure of the book the problem and chronological principle according to which the certain head will be devoted to each large period of life of A.P. Pinkevicha and in sections of which it will consist, those events of his life, those directions it activity which in every period were main will be considered. Working on the book, came to a conclusion that dynamism of the narration, tension according to plots can be reached thanks to concentration of attention at critical boundaries of a course of life of Pinkevicha and on choice situations which arose for it on this way. And the group and statement of materials went more successfully when decided to use as headings of sections of the book of the quote from sources. Came to such decision seemingly accidentally. Once, re-reading once again extracts from books, articles, A.P. Pinkevicha's letters, I stopped on a phrase from his letter to A.M. Gorky: "I pay now, as well as over the first letter". Here I was dawned by a guess that bright, picturesque quotes can become headings and, therefore, semantic cores of separate sections. Further knowledge of fundamentals of craft of the historian-researcher came to the rescue, and such quotes as "On revolution fire", "Myself do not possess me" were picked up, "Without applying for originality of views", "A brain and soul of institute", "Here... there are a lot of things. What we do not know", etc. There was a hope that thanks to such headings of people, picked up the book, will become interested in its contents and will read it.

About the author managed what, readers, reviewers who already paid attention to the book will tell. In particular, the famous historian, the writer and the publisher S.N. Poltorak published the review of it in the Istoriya Peterburga magazine. Also book shortcomings will be from outside more visible. One of them allowed consciously - it is congestion of the text the facts, quotes and other arguments. It is to some extent reaction to publications about Pinkevich other authors who repeatedly retold actually same minimum set of data on life and Pinkevich's activity. When at the price of great efforts and expenses of time it was succeeded to elicit the new facts, it was difficult for me to refuse from

their inclusions in the book. I argued so: let the narration will be heavy, but more informative. Besides the considerable number of data was revealed where it was difficult to assume. There was fear that new researchers can "not come across them" for many years.

The manuscript prepared for the middle of 2006 was not still the book. That it became thanks to the interested and highly professional work of the photo editor E.N. Gruzdeva, editor I.L. Klimovich, designers O.V. Girdova, A.A. Korolchu and employees of printing house. As a result of their efforts the manuscript turned into performing printing art which is pleasing to the eye. The author stated all of them sincere gratitude. Separately I want to thank Alexey Albertovich Pinkevicha, his wife Natalya Nikolaevna, Albert Petrovich's granddaughter Vera Georgiyevna Vasilyeva living in Moscow for the help in work on the book as the stories, councils, photos. Especially I want to state the words of gratitude to the rector of the university G.A. Bordov-sky, the first vice rector V.A. Kozyrev, director of publishing house S.N. Vasilyeva, to the editor-in-chief N.L. Tovmach and the former editor-in-chief G.N. Petrova for the edition of the book, and to employees of a main library led by A.V. Vorontsov for holding its presentation.

As the historian I urge all attendees to form purposefully the personal archives that when there is a mood to refresh memories of the past, and if desired and to write documentary memoirs, to provide the kept documents to researchers as the identity of each person is unique, deserves interest, it can be listened as the witness of the leaving era and has to help to hold in remembrance itself.

G.A. Bordovsky,

rector

The idea of creation of a series of books about outstanding figures of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia arose in response to often asked question of with what to explain authority of our educational institution at all stages of its history, its stability in emergency situations, its ability to self-updating according to the changes happening in society. In the course of answers to this question and as a result of judgment of history of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia the belief that these qualities were given it by the people working in it was created: scientists, teachers, students. Therefore the decision to publish a series of books about the most outstanding personalities, about those who created good reputation to the university was made. The book about the large organizer of preparation of pedagogical shots Alexander Dmitrievich Boborykin became the first. Then books about N.P. Grinkova, V.I. Chagisheva, E.I. Afanasenko, Yu.V. Kozhukhov and other outstanding figures of our university were published. Books are written in different genres: it both memoirs, and research, and essay. But they are united by a common goal: to recreate images of outstanding gertsenovets, to open their role in development of science, education, culture.

When in one of collections of our university V.S. Volkov published small article about A.P. Pinkevich, the administration considered it expedient to publish the book in the Gold Names series and to offer its writing to Valery Stepanovich.

A.P. Pinkevich's contribution to development of pedagogics, a technique of teaching natural sciences is very considerable. He headed work on creation of the Third Pedagogical Institute in Petrograd, was his rector in 1918-1923, in the next years held large posts in the management of the higher school of the country therefore his name sounds among gold names long ago and by right.

Are cast in the lot with the Gertsenovsky university Albert Petrovich's descendants. His son, Albert Albertovich who at us was well known and appreciated worked for us many years. At our university Albert Petrovich's grandson, Andrey, and the wife of other grandson, Alexey, Natalya Nikolaevna got an education.

The book by V.S. Volkov about Albert Petrovich Pinkevich — one of publications in the Gold Names series, but she takes in it a peculiar place that is caused first of all by its genre. On a genre it is the scientific biography leaning on solid base of documentary sources. But at all the academic solidity the book by V.S. Volkov represents the fascinating narration about a course of life of A.P. Pinkevich. It is written so brightly, so vividly, in it the personal attitude of the author towards the hero of the narration was so obviously reflected that it is perceived as the art and publicistic composition.

On pages of the book of V.S. Volkov the main stages of a course of life of A.P. Pinkevich are opened, his pedagogical work, scientific and pedagogical creativity, organizing activity in the sphere of the higher education is characterized. It is made thoroughly and convincingly. The identity of the first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute is well revealed in the context of those events, the participant or which he witnessed. Pinkevich is shown as the person of the era, as her active figure, as one of types of the Russian intellectuals. Thanks to illumination of a historical background on which Pinkevich is represented the book by V.S. Volkov on value goes beyond the biography of one person. On the contrary, it is a contribution to historical science as sheds additional light on the all-Russian problems and processes: the reasons of retraction of student's youth in revolutionary movements, revolutionary events of 1905-1907, fight of socio-political forces in 1917, formation of the Soviet pedagogics. Unfortunately, the youth studying in higher education institutions in the 1950-1970th also did not assume what events and processes hidden even from our contemporaries were developed in the first years of the Soviet power as they for various reasons were out of sight of historians. It especially belongs to characteristic of circumstances in which A.P. Pinkevich, the former member of RSDRP, entered the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

The book by Valery Stepanovich is valuable to our university the fact that in it the initial stage of history of the Third Pedagogical Institute over which researchers for various reasons (first of all, because of limitation of the actual material) "jumped" is in details characterized, transferring attention to the period when the institute strongly got up. In the book it is well shown how the concept of pedagogical higher education institution of new type was formed and as its realization under the leadership of A.P. Pinkevicha with a wide range of the adherents who became subsequently pride of our collective began. All contents of the sections of the book devoted to Pinkevicha's activity after he passed to work into Moscow, convincingly prove V.S. Volkov's thesis that the period of work of Pinkevicha at Pedagogical Institute of A.I. Herzen holds a specific place in Pinkevicha's biography. The Gertsenovsky stage became a peculiar launch pad for further advance of A.P. Pinkevicha on an office ladder. It is one more illustration of that fact that the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia was a peculiar laboratory, special school which gave necessary scientific baggage and administrative experience to hundreds of outstanding figures of Russian education.

There is no doubt that the book by V.S. Volkov will become the noticeable phenomenon in studying history of pedagogics as in it pedagogical works A.P. Ping-kevicha, one of founders of the Soviet school of pedagogical science are analyzed. In the book drama history of pedagogical discussions of the 1920-1930th, by the participant (and at some stages is opened and Pinkevich was the victim).

The Gold Names series will proceed, several books already are in a completion stage, new authors get into gear. They create the works in different genres. Editors of a series are far from approving some standard, but are sure that future authors of books about the famous figures of our university with benefit for themselves will use research and literary experience of V.S. Volkov. The administration expresses gratitude to V.S. Volkov for the book prepared by it.

A.V. Vorontsov,

director of a main library

In the book by professor V.S. Volkov "The first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute in Petrograd" is offered to the reader the fascinating story about life and A.P. Pinkevich's activity. Having attentively studied this book from beginning to end, despite its huge volume (584 p.), I came to the following conclusions. I will state them briefly.

It is not just the book. This serious many-sided monographic research, and not only A.P. Pinkevich's activity, but also whole period of the Russian history difficult and contradictory. The author managed to present expressively Albert Petrovich as the scientist-teacher, the organizer of the Third Pedagogical Institute, the devotee of national education, the founder of Pedagogical academy, the writer, the public figure. Pinkevich is presented as the living, peculiar, outstanding personality.

In the book it is in detail told by p about Pinkevich's formation as persons, about years of study at the Kazan university where he was engaged on natural office of physical and mathematical faculty. He was a big fan of P.L. Lavrov, the philosopher-sociologist, the father of the narodnichesky movement. It, as well as many students, Lavrov's ideas about an irredeemable debt of the intellectuals to the people excited. The student Pinkevich actively participated in demonstrations on November 5, 1904. In 1905 it is expelled from the university, then it is restored.

On the example of the Kazan university, thanks to the book by V.S. Volkov, it is possible to realize more deeply a student's situation, the scientific circle, political views of the faculty and some other moments of that hard time. For me it was interesting to learn that distribution of students after the termination of the university is not the Soviet invention as it is often told about it in our press. It was also in royal time. For example, at the Kazan university the graduate getting a grant of the Ministry of Education was obliged to serve in this ministry of the direction one and a half years for every year of use of a grant.

After the termination of the A.P. Pinkevich university actively was engaged in writer's activity: published articles about I.S. Turgenev, A.M. Gorky, V.G. Korolenko, L.N. Tolstoy. He wrote a number of works under a pseudonym Belsky.

The most complete description of activity of Pinkevicha falls on the St. Petersburg period when his talent of the organizer of education and the figure of pedagogical science was especially shown.

Someone from great people told that communication is the most important element of culture. In Petrograd A.P. Pinkevicha was surrounded by the talented people sharing different political convictions. Among his friends and acquaintances there were D.S. Merezhkovsky, Z.N. Gippius, A.M. Gorky, A.V. Lunacharsky, L.P. Serebryakov, etc. Special influence on Pinkevicha, judging by the book, was rendered by A.M. Gorky whose apartment on Kronverksky Avenue of Petrograskaya Storona he visited regularly in 1918-1919, meeting a wide range of friends of the owner.

Pinkevich critically apprehended the October revolution, especially the first years of the Soviet power (from 1918 to 1922). He publicly condemned Bolsheviks for the fact that in them dey-

stviye there was no social democratism share in terms of humanity in the attitude towards the person also. At the same time it repeatedly met V.I. Lenin, A.V. Lunacharsky, N.K. Krupskaya.

In the monograph it is in detail told about creation of the First Pedagogical Institute, about a role in this Pinkevicha and his closest associates: Desnitsky, Kudryavtsev, etc. He held authority on pedagogical community and also among heads of the Bolshevist power. This authority in many respects promoted that the Third Pedagogical Institute which ceremonial opening was held on November 17, 1918 was organized. Pinkevich gave to the management of institute five years of the life: since summer of 1918 until the end of 1923. It involved at Pedagogical Institute of the best teachers scientists of whom we can be proud to this day. I want to call at least some of them: N.M. Knipovich (since 1919 professor, the head of the department of biology, the famous methodologist in the field of teaching natural sciences), B.E. Raykov (the head of the department of a technique of training in natural sciences, one of the most active participants of creation of Pedagogical Institute of A.I. Herzen, the founder of school of sciences), V.A. Desnitsky (vice rector, the dean of humanitarian office, also one of founders of Gertsenovsky institute), Ya.Ya. Gurevich, N.M. Sokolov (head of the department of a technique of teaching Russian and literature), A.A. Brock (since 1919 the dean of faculty of foreign languages, the acting as the rector). Brock possesses words: "Pinkevich is a brain and soul of institute".

In 1920 E.N. Medynsky was elected professor of department of the encyclopedia of out-of-school education, at the university A.E. Kudryavtsev, one of founders of institute, the head of the department of general history worked. Academicians V.L. Komarov, S.F. Oldenburg, A.E. Fersman, the corresponding member of RAS A.E. Presnyakov, professor I.I. Tolstaya, N.P. Kamenshchikov, P.I. Znamensky, V.M. Zhirmunsky, V.A. Dogel other were decoration of institute. Their names make pride of our university and today. In total in 1928 at institute 1180 students studied, and more than 100 professors were engaged in educational process.

Judging by the book, A.P. Pinkevich paid exclusive attention to library. This part of work impressed me especially favourably. You judge: A.E. Kudryavtsev who was the head of the department of general history, the scientific secretary of council at the same time was also the chief librarian of institute. Heading library, he made a lot of things for formation of its funds on a scientific basis. On council of the university the issues concerning library including such insignificant question on our times as installation of the iron oven in library were often discussed.

Pinkevich paid much attention to creation of the rituals and traditions which are especially connected with a name of A.I. Herzen. On the first of February, 1920 at institute the meeting devoted to the 50 anniversary from the date of A.I. Herzen's death was held. The decision to appropriate a name of A.I. Herzen to the Third Pedagogical Institute was made. And there was it not without Pinkevich's participation: he delivered an ardent speech about Herzen, and paid special attention to works and Herzen's thoughts of education of children, development of identity, an environment role in this regard.

A.P. Pinkevich laid the foundation for Gertsenovsky readings. The chief librarian of institute A.E. Kudryavtsev headed work of special department of collecting materials about Herzen. By me there did not pass also such detail described in the book: in May, 1921 the citizen Burtseva presented to institute two silver oak leaves from a wreath from Alexander Ivanovich's grave. The board institute expressed to Burtseva gratitude, and its so unusual gift was transferred to storage to library. Still I look for these two leaves.

The trust of the party and Soviet authorities to A.P. Pinkevich in many respects promoted that in 1922 there was a merge of the First Pedagogical Institute to Gertsenov-sky institute, and in 1923 the Second Pedagogical Institute also joined it. And what is especially pleasant, Albert Petrovich remained his rector, and the name of institute remained. In the period of Albert Petrovich's rektorstvo the training at Pedagogical Institute was perceived as a quality guarantee of training of his graduates.

Valery Stepanovich showed formation of the Soviet higher education, science, versatile activity of the intellectuals of the 1920th in the book. Its fluctuations, doubts in the relation to the October revolution and, especially, difficult period of 1919-1922 A.P. Pinkevich was A.M. Gorky's deputy, headed the commission on improvement of life of scientists. Was at V.I. Lenin twice, including on the eve of departure of the government to Moscow, concerning increase in rations by the scientist and achieved certain decisions. In the book it is described how in 1922 Pinkevich fought for scientists who were violently sent abroad as unreliable.

Valery Stepanovich Volkov wrote the book very important and for our university, and for all pedagogical public of the country.

Z.I. Vasilyeva,

professor of department of pedagogics

I want to begin the performance with gratitude to the author of the discussed work Valery Stepanovich Volkov famous to the historian, professor of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, for the invaluable work which opened absolutely new page in the history of our university, in the history of domestic and world pedagogics connected with a name of A.P. Pinkevich. It is pleasant to me also because many years we worked together with Valery Stepanovich at our university, were and remained adherents in judgment and the solution of problems of development of the higher education.

Difficult without nervousness to read the page by the page of this book narrating about short life of the first rector. Very difficult way there passed Albert Petrovich Pinkevich before becoming the first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute, it was even more difficult during all life and until the end of days to serve for the Fatherland benefit.

Shalom Ganelin Izrailevich, A.P. Pinevich's pupil, wrote that it was one of brilliant authoritative methodologists of old type.

Albert Petrovich's works on pedagogics are of huge interest and unconditional value. It would be desirable to republish "Introduction to pedagogics" (1925) and a number of works on the general pedagogics.

A.P. Pinkevich introduced the idea that the education system has to adapt to needs of edge, area; wrote about a pedagogics ratio with psychology, about close connection of education with age; stated the idea of integration in training of different objects; about activity of the pupil and teacher in the course of training, etc.

I believe that our task consists in thorough development of pedagogical heritage of A.P. Pinkevich with the subsequent inclusion as independent subject in a course for students on stories of domestic pedagogics today.

I cannot but tell also that at our university many years the son A.P. Albert Albertovich Pinkevicha worked. Many years I had pleasure to cooperate with it in collaboration at faculty of foreign languages. It was the outstanding personality, the person with beautiful spiritual features. I am sure that it is remembered by very many former students and colleagues.

Today specially it was pleasant and therefore that to us this significant day Albert Petrovich's grandchildren — Alexey and Andrey Pinkevichi, the former students of our university came.

Once again I want to tell that V.S. Volkov's work deserves the appreciation.

And. L. Vassoyevich,

professor of department of general history

the Book by Valery Stepanovich Volkov which we discuss today represents the considerable phenomenon not only because it is devoted to life of one very interesting person — Albert Petrovich Pinkevicha, the first rector of the Third Pedagogical Institute in Petrograd. If we think of what history not as the humanity about the past, and as objectively existing reality is, then we will come to an unambiguous conclusion: history is a set of separate human destinies. In the recent past our historians quite often forgot about it, preferring to studying concrete human destinies creation of abstract sociological schemes. But work on such schemes — it is rather a prerogative of sociology, and the historical science should study the fate of specific people, first of all. Quite so also Valery Stepanovich Volkov who in the book of 584 pages describes a 54-year course of life of Albert Petrovich Pinkevicha arrived. And amazing business: just as in a drop of water the sun is reflected, in the book devoted to the fate, apparently, of only one person for the reader important events of the first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 and two revolutions of 1917, times of Civil war and the New Economic Policy, industrialization and even big terror are brightly highlighted... At the same time the reader involuntarily feels spirit of rough prerevolutionary and postrevolutionary time when the new pedagogical system and its educational institutions were created. This spirit cannot be reflected in abstract sociological schemes, but we like it, reading the book by Valery Stepanovich which is capable to attract indefatigable interest.

As the chairman of "The St. Petersburg historical club" of broadcasting company "St. Petersburg", I would like to address also the author of the remarkable book, and to her editors with a request to take part in record of a 55-minute broadcast. It seems to me that to residents and area will be not only it is interesting, but also it is useful to learn about the difficult fate of Albert Petrovich Pinkevicha — the person who directed so many vital efforts to formation of pedagogical education in postrevolutionary Russia. Then the contents of book published by rather small circulation will become known to many thousands of constant students of the former Leningrad radio, nowadays — Radio "St. Petersburg".

In conclusion there is a wish to express gratitude to our administration for creation of the book series "Gold Names" devoted to outstanding figures of the Gertsenovsky university. On the example of the specific people who devoted the life to a noble cause of improvement of pedagogical education it is also necessary to bring up new generation of teachers.

I.A. Lapina, associate professor of history

It seems to me that we are lucky enough to hold the remarkable book in hand. It is that happy occurence when the social order — to write the book on the history of the university — fell into very talented hands: in hands of one of leading experts on stories of the Russian intellectuals and, in particular, on the history of the higher school — Valeria Stepanovi-

cha Volkov. The book has all lines of the scientific monograph and at the same time is read how the most fascinating fiction. The principle of an istorikobiografichesky genre is brilliantly embodied in it: the personality against the background of an era. The main character — Albert Petrovich Pinkevich — the hero of the time, time difficult, contradictory and, at the same time, full of revolutionary romanticism and some special raising of spirit. The hero exists in a set of difficult relationship. We hear polyphonic polyphony: here and A.M. Gorky (at first — as the patron of young writers, then — as the editor of "Chronicle" and "New life", as the chairman KUBUCHA), both the first people's commissar of education A.V. Lunacharsky, and the famous social democrat, the dean of humanitarian office V.A. Desnitsky, the rector of the Second Pedagogical Institute N.A. Rozhkov, and Narkompros's representatives of the Union of Communes of Northwest area B. P. and L.R. Menzhinskiye, Z.I. Lilina and many, many others. It is easy to notice that A.P. Pinkevich existed in an environment which the western historiography calls "other Bolsheviks". These people imagined socialism not as result of a political revolution and as the new culture of the future which main values had to be relations of friendly cooperation and domination of scientific outlook.

The pages devoted to the history of creation of our university are of particular interest. The third Pedagogical Institute was conceived as educational institution of new type not only because had to let out the teachers adopting the socialist program. Scientific knowledge had to become the instrument of formation of new consciousness and the new relations here. Training of teachers accepted system, complex character. Natural science education was considered as a basis of realistic outlook, taught not only a subject, but also a method, special scientific knowledge sought to connect to psychology and pedagogical organically. And — in the spirit of that time — the principle of cooperation of teachers and students was embodied here. The parting word said when opening institute — "Vigorously Go Forward!", was perceived as the special code in a circle of people who trusted in forces of the person armed with knowledge and inspiration.

The book allows to present episodes of that time very vividly: the starving and freezing Petrograd; the almshouse building on Krasnykh Zor Avenue which is originally provided to institute; a banquet on the occasion of a ceremonial opening for which the regional labor justice released two pounds of tea, pood of sugar and four poods of bread; board meetings where the question of "a snow duty" was considered in the winter, and in the summer — the petition of garden artel for prohibition of a pasture of goats in the territory of institute; the individual transport of Desnitsky — the bicycle which tried to requisition a military commissariat and which was defended by means of Narkompros, and many other things.

There is a wish to thank once again the author — Valery Stepanovich Volkov — for this good book and to wish him new, so worthy publications. And still — continuations of the Gold Names series.

V. A. Mosolov, professor of LGU of A.S. Pushkin

The book by V.S. Volkov is interesting both to historians, and to teachers. It is saturated with the rich actual material which reflected important events of the Russian history since the end of the 1890th until the end of the 1930th, first of all, those which are connected with formation of the identity of Pinkevicha, his public, scientific and pedagogical work. Various scientific information, original judgments of the author of the book are presented in a successful literary form that makes the book available and fascinating. Book convincingly

demonstrates that Valery Stepanovich coped with the historical and pedagogical analysis of compositions of Pinkevicha, but made it in own way as the biographer. The pedagogical ideas of Pinke-vicha are not just reproduced and estimated as it usually becomes in works on pedagogics history. V.S. Volkov managed to recreate many elements of creative process, to show, so to speak, "creative torments" of the hero of the book, to track as Pinkevich developed, proved, developed the pedagogical ideas which arose at it, made out results of the theoretical search in the form of articles and books. The book contains many new data on pedagogical discussions of the 1920-1930th which are submitted on pages not only as collision of the ideas, but also as collision of specific people with their personal purposes and aspirations. The monograph by V.S. Volkov will find broad application in teaching history of pedagogics and education. It is only necessary to take care of its advance in pedagogical higher education institutions and the universities. V.S. Volkov is the famous historian. But now he will enter also a circle of teachers. Meaning literary advantages of the book, one may say, that Valery Stepanovich declared himself as about the writer working in a genre of the scientific biography.

A.A. Pinkevich, A.P. Pinkevich's grandson

On behalf of A.P. Pinkevich's descendants allow to state the words of sincere gratitude to the management of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, to publishing house of the university, the author of the remarkable book V.S. Volkov and the director of a main library A.V. Vorontsov for the organization of its presentation. My father, Albert Albertovich, collected materials about Albert Petrovich, intended to write about him the book. In memory of descendants many facts of the biography of A.P. Pinkevich and also family legends remained. Nevertheless a lot of things in the book by V.S. Volkov there was for us new, especially what belongs to years of youth of my grandfather Albert Petrovich. V.S. Volkov — not first of Albert Petrovich's biographers. T.D. Korneychik, F.F. Korolev, N.S. Rozyeva, M.E. Glavats-ky and other historians and teachers wrote about him. But the book by V.S. Volkov — the first full, detailed scientific biography of A.P. Pinkevich which will help to immortalize stronger the memory of it and to draw attention of our contemporaries to its pedagogical heritage.

Steven Hawkins
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