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VIEW OF HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PREREQUISITES of IMPROVEMENT of the PERSONALITY AND the DOCTRINE IMOMA AJZAMA (on tadzh. language)



KARIMOV of OSIM KOSIMOVICH,

Rector Donishgoui of a davlatiya %utsuts, business va siyosat Totsikiston, doctor of an ilmuoa tajry, professor.

NAZAR BA OMILKH,OI ТАЪРИХИЮ ê^ÆêîОИê TASHAKKULI

SHAKHSIIT WA TAJLIMOTI ABU^ANGIFA (a bakhshid oh of buzurgdoshta Salt Imomi Ajzam)

Omuzisha to a farkhang majnaviyot va ganovatmanda meros achdody, archguzory oh hidmatkho of an arzishmanda of a farzandona nomvar va farzona millat a beshubkha of a baroa insoniit pursaodata rokhkho to a takomula rushd a moddiva majnaviro boz a namuda, a gift of a samta Bashar of a zaminakhoa musoid to farokha meorad noit gardidan oh hadafkho of a sozand of a baroa of a bath. Az of a likhoza wok; eiyat tajrikhy bo darnazardosht replacement va omilkho of a tashakkula of a chomeaa insony namuna ibrat dodana kdror paykora bark buzurgon, farokhdm sharoita ovardan musoid baro amik; at a hamataraf of the omukht of a shudana of a merosa of Onchu, an istifodaa of a ganchinaa of a buzurga of a zekhniya guzashtagon baro a tarbiya va chomeaa tashakkul Navin amalest, ki buzurgona shoista to the Tauri zamon meboshad.

Tauri ki Prezidenti kishvar, Chdnobi Oly, flies, to Torahs Emomaly Rakh, Maun Tajkid doshtaand: "Gift tajrikh Toulon va purfanovati

tamaddun of a halka of points, bakhusus islomiya davra it shakhsiyatkho va ноб^ахои to a ziyoda oh zukhur omadand, ki a gift a tashakkula of a takomula farkhang, huviit va asolat milly naksh to a benazira a side guzoshtaand. Az of a barakata zakhmat va kornamoiya to a purvusjat of a bashardustonaa of Onchu Sirishti of a fitra va huviyat a farkhangiya tajrikhiya millat hifz the clown va baro of an inkishofa of an oyandaa it rumple munosib oh vuchud omad".1 Az ying it is dashing, oz, bo darnazardosht hizmatkh, oi tajrikhiya of a farzanda of a nobigaa of a halka of points of Abukhdnif Nujmon of an ibna Sobit (Imomi Ajzam) Rushdie's gift farkhdng va tamaddun islomy va akhdmiyat of a bekhdmtoa of a merosa of an ilmiya at a gift tashakkul va hudshinosiya inkishof milly bo Prezidenti's pharmon mamlakat (az 15 September of salt 2008, No. 538) Salt buzurgdosht Imomi Ajzam ejlon shudan of salt 2009-po of metawons of a baroa sacks of a chome of the hamachikhat mukhy arzyoby namud.

Tachlili of a buzurgdoshta in nombardora farzand millat va oh in a vasila whithered, look for to an osor of a tajlimota of an arzishmanda at, Borya Digar chomeaa tavachchukh muosirro oh Tauris, oi to a takomula rushd a farkhdnga tamadduna halkamon berun az to a hudud the marz of an achdodiya mo chalb hokhad cards. Makhsusan imruzkho, ki Besh of az pesh arzishkho asit farkhangy va milliya mo-tochikon oh chakhoniyon bo Dida Nasari of a toz arzyoby megardad, in Sarvari's ibtikor

1 Emomaly Rahmon. "Imomi Ajzam va of a huviyata milly".//Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Ajzam. - Huchand, 2008, page 5

davlatamon gift of a ravanda of an omuzisha of a merosa of a majnaviya niyogonamon takon to a buzurga hokhad bakhshid. The gift in replacement hamzamon chikhat a gift of a rukhiyaa of an ogokhiya komit az of an arzishkhoa of an asila milly, iftikhor davlatdory, hiss masjuliit oh mekhnat I sozandat bunyodkory Rui Ovardani har a yak of a farda of a chome of a naksha bosazo hokhad guzosht.

Oid oh to a fajliyata hayot Imomi Ajzam, tajlimot, maktab mazkhaby, to an ustodon shogirdon va payravon at a sarchashmakhoa gift ilmy va tajrikhy majlumot mukhtalif zikr gardidaand. Ammo Tauri ki Sarvari davlat tajkid namudand: "kornamoiya in shakhsiyat buzurg va nobiga the dunyoa gift Ilma Maoni asit that oh x, anuz asror of a ziyoda of a nokushud of giltheads, ki whithered, look for domanadorro та^озо menamoyad".1

Aksariit bar in akidaand, ki Abukhanifa Nujmon of an ibna Sobit salt of the 80 hichry, mutobik oh salts 699 milody a gift entice hilofat Abulmalik of Marvoni's ibna umavy a gift of a shakhra of Kuf tavallud shudaast. Paz Majlum meshavad, ki Imomi Ajzam gift of an ayyoma of a hukumata of Umavikho chashm oh to ola kushodaast. Ying Davraye quarrystone, ki siyosat of a halifakhoa of Umaviya bayna gift mardum meafzud, hokimiyata zero Umaviyon oh ashrof volomaky takya mekard va in siyosat tankho manfiatkho onkhoro khimoya menamud. Makhsuli of a mekhnata ziyoda kishovarzon oh Caliph's hazina yo oh toifaa dast hukmron meaftod. Az of a bayna of a namoyandagona in honadon zolimtarin sulolaa halifa umavikho X, achchoch ibn of Yusufi Sakafy tajrikha gift Islam zulma by a sieve va bedodgariro az of huts of a guzaronid quarrystone, ki gift in pine forest manbajkhoa gift ilmiva adaby habar raftaast.

Bara ravshany andokhtan gift of a masjalaa of a zaminakhoa of a tajrikhiya paydoish va tashakkul madhhab hanafiya mukhtasar Nazar Andokhtan oh tajrikh hilofatro gift in Tauri zarur to meshumor.

With Muarrikhoni of an asrkhoa of a miyon of az Nadeem Ibni, Balozury, Dinovary, Tabary, Masjudy va digaron hammered a gift of a mavrida of a vazja siyosy, ichtimy, iktisody va farkhangiya in the Tauri a gift osorashon majlumot arzishmand va mufid Manzur namudaand. 2

Salts 685 to a vakta ki the Caliph Marvon darguzasht, oh Choi at pisarash Abdulmalik of Marvon's ibna oh a sari kudrat omad. Oh at Muyassar Gardid, ki grazed to az Chiang chidolkho to payikha a gift hilofat that to a hokimiyata andozaa mutamarkaz oh vuchud an ovarda, a mulka sarosara gift the Arab, az it a chumla a gift Irok va Suriya of an islokhota puly guzaronad. A gift entice hukmroniya of du of a farzanda at it is scarlet - Waleed (705-715) va Muslim (715-717) boshad, zabtkorikho the Arab Osiyoi Miyon va's gift a gift garb that Konstantinopol va of Pireney's nimchaziraa of a kuvvaa nav girift.

Nazar oh sarchashmakhoa majlumot ilmy in solkho davra of an avcha of an ajloa of a nufuza of a siyosiya hilofat donist shudaast.3 Gift it solkho hilofat oh

1 Emomaly Rahmon. "Imomi Ajzam va of a huviyata milly".//Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Ajzam. - Huchand, 2008, page 6
2 O.K. Karimov. Historical science of Tajikistan. - Khujand, 2002. page 97-121.
3 East history. T 2, the East in the Middle Ages. - Moscow, 2005. page 122.

hududi nshchoiya pakhnshavii it is thin rasida, a gift kalamravi it Besh of az the 80th million acholia gunogunmillat dokhit meshudand, ki daromad az hisobi andozkhoi mukhtalif sitonidashavanda az akholy, makhsusan acholias fatkhshuda yo islomro nav kabulkarda bekhaddu hisob oh hazina markazy vorid megardid. Ying mablag baroi tajmin ekhtiyochoti korkhoi davlaty, nigokh doshtan artishu the fleet, inchunin anchy dodan korkhoi Azimi tokhtmony shakhrkho imkoniit a gift medical odes. Markazkhoi nav harbiyu siyosii ^фаю Basra, Fustat, Kdovon va digarkho makhz gift hamin davra vuyeat beshtar paydo namudand.

A gift choryaki avvat asri VIII boshad, bo tabakaa tashakkul ashrofoni makhalii arabiasl gift Huroson, Misr va Afrikai Shimoly a gift yagonagy, ki bayn mardumi musulmon bo c^cara is thin Umavikho oh vuchud ovarda budand, susty va kostashavy zokhir gardid. Gift barobari in, bo ^py giriftani muborizakhoi dokhily hoodie bayna gift kabilakhoi sershumori Arab, makhsusan ziddiyatkhoi kabilakhoi shimoly bo chanuby gift masjalai hokimiyat norozigii az's ohm hukumati Umavikho meafzud.1 Damchunin norozigii mardum, makhsusan acholias mamlakatkhoi az's zabtshuda andozkhoi garon boish kuvvat giriftani tashvikot zidd hukumati Umavikho of az of a choniba tarafdoroni shia gardid.

A gift entice okhirin namoyanda in honadon Marvon ibn Mahomed (744-750), ki a gift it solkho bo chory namudan tartibot a gift markazi hilofat mashgul quarrystone, gift Huroson bayn raviyakhoi ziddiit mavchuda islomy avch girift. Az fursat istifoda wish-wash, imom Abbosy Ibrokhim of an ibna Mahomed of salt 747 oh Huroson Abumuslimro, ki is thin zoda in sarzamin nuclear heating plant, baroi tashvikot va tashkit muboriza bar of a zidda Umavshcho firistod. Namoyandagoni of makhfiya Abbosiyon oh shurishgaron a gift mavridi oh a davlata sari hilofat omadanashon Kam Kardangi hiroch, bekor yx namudan, dadorikh, about doir oh sokhtmoni inshootkh, oh, tajmin x, ukuk ishtirok a gift idorakunii x, okimiyatashonro kavl dodand.

Bo sardorii in farzandi barumandi mashrikzamin salts 747 of a namoyandaa of Umavshcho gift Huroson of Hacp of ibna Sayyor maglub gardid va okibat salts 750 of hilofata Abbosikho barkaror clown. "Abumuslim az's yak hamin doiyon makhally quarrystone, ki a gift okhir hamai rokhbariyati huruchi oh mukobil of Umaviyonro oh you give it is thin girift" 2 - tajrikhii nufuz va ejtibori in mardi az gulomy ozodshuda eronitaborro the olama gift islom va hilofat tobit navishtan Sayny of a vokeiyata mesozad. Yajne mardumoni makhally, makhsusan to a bajza shakhson az минтак^ои Hurosonu Movarounnakhr majlum meshavad, ki dragging tobe hilofat a nashuda, beams bo kordoniyu zakovat a hash aksaran az asorat ozod megardidand va a gift hayoti to an ilmiv farkhangy va siyosii hilofat naksh hudro guzoshtaand.

1 History of the East.T 2, the East in middle centuries. - Moscow, 2005. c. 123.
2 Page Ayny. Kakhramoni halka of points Temurmalik. No. of a yona MyK^^^^ of Ocherkhoi adaby-tajrikhy. - Dushanbe, 1978. c.100.

Chunone ki Abuhangifa's bobo - Marzbon a bottom makhz bo to a zakovata fitrat az's hash gulomy ozod a gardida quarrystone.1

An agar zokhiran Abumuslim Abbosikhoro's tarafdoriya of the dosht boshad, an asla gift maksad at a niyata tamoman az bayn zulma burdan arabkhoro az of a diyora Shark meparvarid.

A gift of a mavrida of a naksha in March a siyosiya doirakhoa gift hilofat the tadkikota gift ilmy mavod farovon oh will give ovardan mumkin nuclear heating plant. Makhz bo to a chonnisorikhoa talosh Abumuslim havfa of an istiloa of a sarzamina tochikon az of a choniba chinikho Barham of Dod clown, ki in vocare of salt 751 Surat giriftaast.2

Nazar oh of a gufta ustod "Halifakhoi of a bath of Umaya the gift of an ayyoma of a hukmroniya is thin Ayny (gayr az Umar of an ibna Abdulaziz) to a zulm bedodro az of huts guzaronidand. To Zulm of Onchu's bedoda oh gayra acholias Arab makhsus nabuda, az of a hoodie arabkho boor beads honadonkhoro harob kardand. Onchu Hdchchoch of the number zoly mashkhurro an olama gift Islam a beast Saul Hukmron kardand, ki on az Wai Pesh va on bajd az Wai of a solkhoa daroz to Kasya he is Kadar zulm nakardaast".3

Oh a sari kudrat omadan of a honadona of Abbosy of a baroa of a kavmkhoa az's forsitabor chand to sneeze to a hela mufid omad. Bar of a hilofa of a hukumatdorona of Umavy, ki ashrofon makhalliro a sari gift kudrat Roh namedodand, minbajd a gift of sokhtori of an idoraa davlaty takhavvulot buzurg oh vuchud omad.4 Makhz a gift hamin the Tauri of an idoraa hokimiit a gift makhalkho va hatto to a bajza of a mansabkhoa of a hokimiyata markazy oh namoyandagona dast forsizabon daromad.

Ying Tuoifa mardum beshubkha az's pass oh mansab rasidan va takyagokha yoftan boejtimod az of a choniba hilofat hukumatdoriya tarz sharky va davlatdoriya madaniyata unsurkho sosoniro bo to a bajza sokhtorkhoyash gift of a markaza of a hilofata Arab vorid namudand. A gift of a satkha of a boloa of an idoraa the Caliph's mansab inchunin vazir (idorakunandaa shakhsiyat the device davlaty) oh vuchud omad hokimiit an ilov oh. Gift in vazifa masjul avvalin shakhson az of a honadona Barmakiyon, ki baromadashon az Balkh of nuclear heating plant, tajin gardidand. H, ory mansaba shudan vazorat bois paydo shudan yak boat devonkho va idorakunandaa shakhson in sokhtor gardid. Barobara gift in gift hilofat yak of a tabakaa of a bonufuza mansabdoron Chong of an asosiya takyagokha hilofat korkhoa gift davlatdory tashakkul yoft, mansabdorona toifaa nizomiro in tobacco of the okhista-okhist of az of a doiraa nufuzashon tang menamud. Ammo of an ogoza of a hukumata of Abbosikho of an umeda of a marduma the Arab va musulmononro bovary a bakhshida the natavonist.5 of the Zero grazed az tamoman makhv Umavikho va's sokhtan of a katla of a nochavonmardonaa Abumuslim az Chonibi

1 Emomaly Rahmon. "Imomi Ajzam va of a huviyata milly".//Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Ajzam. - Huchand, 2008, page 6.
2 O. Karimov, H. Holdzhurayev, A. Mirbabayev. History of the Tajik diplomacy. - Khujand, 2008. Vyp 1, page 119-120.
3 S. Ayny. X, amine asar. page 99
4 Abasidov caliphate.//Soviet historical encyclopedia. Moscow, 1961. volume 1, page 27
5 B.G. Gafurov. Tajiks. The ancient, drevny and medieval history. Prince 2. - Dushanbe, 1989. page 33

Caliph Mansour (754-775) gift of salt 755, zulma in hukumat oh chakhon Islam afzud. Poytakhta Sokhtmonkho nav - Bagdod va of a bekhisoba majrakakhoa darbory harochot ziyodero talab mekard. Ying Amr noguzir oh ziyodshaviya andoz az of an acholia kalamrav, ki bo tarik ushr va hiroch girift meshud va norozigiya nava afzoish mardum megardid. Gift in Tauri hilofat zabtkorikhoa nisbat nav yagon box anchy nadod. Vaz of a siyosiya of a tamoma of a kalamrava hilofatro the okhist - the okhist paydo raviyakhoa shudan nav tashakkul yoftan firkakho va a gift in replacement oh vuchud omadan charayonkho, tajlimotkho mukhtalif va amsol inkho Pur of cards.

Oh andesha olimon gift in Tauri of an ikhtilofkhoa siyosy, talosh masjalakhoa gift hilofata imomat, to Eamon Kufr va of a vazifakhoa adoa difield dunyavy shadid gardida, paydoisha bois chandin madhhab masjalakhoa gift fikhy gardid.1

Hdmin Tarik, Abuhangifa a gift of an asra of Abdulmaliki Marvon oh dunyo omad va a gift entice viloyat of X, achchoch of Sakfy, ki voliya Irok quarrystone, oh a blue rushd rasid. Minbajd gift of an akhda of the Caliph Umar of an ibna Abdulaziz ilm va kobiliyatash gift of a samta of Rushdie of an ilma islomy Ravshan Gardid. A gift it solkho Kuf az Likhozi's shakhr ilm to a hela pesh the raft quarrystone va a tabiist, ki hamchun markaz of a sernufuza of an ichtimy baroa of a chalba of a nerukhoa of an akloniya of a tamoma of a sarzamina hilofat imkoniit to farokha meovard.

Gift of a davrona of a honadona of Abbosikho of a hazrata Imomi Ajzam oh blue kamolot rasida quarrystone. Chunone ki a gift sarchashmakho zikr to an olimona meshavad to a ziyoda tajkid kardaand, the 18th salts die hazrata bokimonda Imomi Ajzam a gift of a davrona of a hilofata of Abbosikho guzashtaast.2

Davra zindagiya bark Imomi Ajzam, a gift of a makolaa of Prezidenti of the H, an umkhuriya Tochikiston, to mukhtara, Emomaly Rahmon - "Imomi Ajzam va of a huviyata milly" bo takhlilkho amik hulosabandy the gasht, chunin kayd megardad: "Boyad tajkid cards, ki solkho 60 - 90 - mind of an asra of the VII baroa to mubina dyne Islam of a davraa nikhoit hassos quarrystone. Hilofati the Arab oh of a buzurgtarina davlata the Tauri tabdit yoft, ki he kalamrav of a vasea of a muzofota va mintakakho of a peshraftaa of a sarosara chakhonro farogir the clown quarrystone. Aknun binobar ichtimoa takhavvulot to a zarurata pesh omada quarrystone, ki pakhlukho of a ziyoda of a ruzgora mardum oh tanzy ovarda shavand. Chunin risolatro tankho to mubina dyne Islam bo mukarrarot of a sharjiya is thin a gift jamón the Tauri oh anchy a rasonida a metavonist. Bingobar ying it oh to an imtikhona ozmoish to a buzurga muvochekh gardid. A gift in markhit osmoniya kitob ^уръони brown va hadiskho of a nabava of a dastura of a buzurga of a zindagiya musulmonon gardidand, a wave of a guzashta a ruzgor nav ichtimoiro masoit ziyod va nav oh a peshorua gift insonkho a karor of medical odes. Yajne bottoms of a chome of the payvast to an islohot takomulro

1 Z. Safo. Dabiyota Tajrikh Herron. - Dushanbe, 2001. page 14-15
2 Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Ajzam. - Huchand, 2008, page 30

takozo dosht. Besabab of not St, ki shadida muboriza to dyne - majnav va siyos - ichtimo charayon the girift, a stake, a falsafa va tasavvuf zukhur namudand".1

The Tabiist, ki Abuhangifa a gift chunon mukhit istejdod heshro oh markhila ozmoish darovard. Meguyand, ki at a gift ibtido oh ilma farogiriya nakhv mashgul the clown, a shaft bajdan oh fiqh va ilm a stake a mail namud va risolakhy monand Alfikhalakbar, Alfikhalabsat, Alolim valmutaally, Alraddalkadariyaro navisht.

Az Rui of a rivoyatkhoa of a mavchud of a mikdora to the ustodena, ki oh Abuhangifa tajly dodaand va at az to a donish to chain va Ilma Majrifati Onchu Fayz bardoshtaast, az 200 nafar ziyodand. Oh kavl digar hizmata gift chor of Khazars ustod budaast va "hech ustod mashkhurro monand Imomi Ajzam of a shogirdona ziyod nasib nagasht quarrystone" 2. Makhz guzashtan az of a maktabkhoa an ilmiya of a majrifatiya of an abarmardona of an olama Islam oh imkoniit Abuhangifa Dod, ki Chong Shakhxiyati ilmy tashakkul yobad va bo a hislata hulka to a tajlifota nakuv mukhy zindagiomuz va rokhnamo insoniit a gift Islam of a boisa sarfarozikho gardad va oh hays to the imam rakhnamo the paziruft shavad.

A gift of a masjalaa of a zaminakhoa of an ichtimoiya of a tashakkula of a tajlimota of Abuhangifa haminro boyad kayd namud, ki usul kiyos bo dalelnokiya hukm va az's istifoda rajy a tajlimota gift at poppies asosy doshtand. Istifoda in usul gift of Halley masjalakho sharjy va hukuky bekhtarin hosibida meshud. Muvofiki it is az of a bayna of a hulosakhoa vuchud the dosht jamón Kabul meshud, ki baro ummat va chamoat muvofik boshad. Masalang gift Kurjona Hadith gift of a boraa duzdy va chazo it sukhan raft boshad boor, masjalaa gift rokhzany to a hukma vuchud nadosht. Danafiyon az Rui mejyorkhoa gift tajlimotashon mukarrarshuda of a chazoa oh duzdy peshbinishudaro baro rokhzany bottom dogs Kabul mekhisobidaand.

Masjalaa gift nisbat dodan hanafiyon oh askhob rajy ikhtilof nazarkho vuchud giltheads. The Tauri ki muallif of a risolaa "Imomi Ajzam" zikr namudaast is scarlet Kalomu-l-afkhom fy manokib: "Imomi Ajzam har masjalaro az Kurjoni machid iktibos kardaast. Agar gift Kurjon duchor naoyad, az Hadith nabavy va agar gift Hadith naboshad va yo kavla gift askhob ikhtilof boshad, oh kavl it to a sakhobaa, ki oh to Kurjon sunnat nazdik nuclear heating plant, Amal Mekard. The agar a gift hech the ring road naboshad, is thin ichtikhod mekard, ammo az of a kavla tobein iktibos namekard".3

H, ikhat digar va cholib in tajlimot az it iborat nuclear heating plant, ki hanafiya gayr az of a hukukhoa diny hukukho dunyaviro bottom oh box meburd. It oh the odatkhoa rasma halkho a gift of a tamoma of a kalamrava hilofat is akhamiit medical odes. Az ying likhoz, in tajlimot oh talabot of a sunnatiya of a mardumona takhchy muvofik

1 Emomaly Rahmon. "Imomi Ajzam va of a huviyata milly"./Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Ajzam. - Huchand, 2008, page 6.
2 To Vasliya Samarkandy. Tajrikh Imomi Ajzam. Tarchuma Farkhod Dasanov. - Dushanbe, 2001.s. 10-11.
3 Damin cho, page 14

omad va bois of naggers pakhn gardidan it is a gift of a bayna of a halkhoa digar, makhsusan mardum Acham the clown.1

Boyad tazakkur Dod, ki a gift of a bayna of a raviyakhoa a shiddatnok, a bakhsa of a taloshkhoa of a ziyeda nazary oh vuchud omadan the hanafiya oh oh osony will give Abuhangifa to a monanda talimota nadodaast. Bara amaly gardidan in a padida Saturday sadokat, pokiya botin, donish mukammat, ozodandeshy, yagonagiya to a kavl Amal, ekhtiry nisbat oh a chomea va etikodot mardum, ogokhiya Islam va monand inkho komit az to a farkhang of a madaniyata of a halkhoa of an olama we climb budand. Mardumi of an akhla Islam in sifatkhoro simoa gift yak of a farda achamiasl Abukhanifa Numon of an ibna Sobit gift markaz va Dili hilofat dareft. Daleli of a ravshana in guftakho akhlokiya arzishmanda vasiyatkho at meboshand, ki oh farzandash Dammod va shogirdonash oh meros mondaast.2

An olama gift Islam Imomi Azam hamchun firkaa asosguzor islomy a yagon of not article of Az tary malum nuclear heating plant, ki minbad a bottom buzurgtarin akhla fakekhon to the sunnat-shakhsena of a monanda Abusulaymon Dovudi Isfakhony (asosguzor of a firkaa of Dovudiya), Mahomed Chdriri Tabary's ibn (muassis of a raviyaa of Tabariya) az of a nokhiyakhoa of a gunoguna of Eroni we incense barkhostaand. Ilma gift Hadith by va Rushdie of an ilmkhoa digar bottom minbad to a fozilona olimon achamiasl sakhm bosazo guzoshtaand. Masyalaa gift sababkho, omilkho va asoskho of an ilmiya of az of an akhla swagger e mardum gayriarab baromadan beads of az of an olimona of dynes, fakekhon, mukhaddison va mufassiron mukhakkikon andeshakho cholib bayan doshtaand.3

Bois of an iftikhora mo - tochikon va forsizabonona tamom Ruy Chajon of nuclear heating plant, ki bo to a gayrata kushish in farzand of a fozila of points of a sunnata of Rasuli to acres (c) a tamoma gift Islam pakhn gardid. Madhhab at Chun madhhab barkhak the paziruft the clown va imruz sunniya marduma aksar chakhon a gift in madhhab a karor of giltheads, oh at va oh talimot hidoyatkunandaash ekhtiry meguzorand.

Tauri ki Prezidenti kishvar Chdnobi Oly to Emomaly Rahmon's mukhtara takid doshtaand: "Mo of a merosa of a guzashtaa of a manava va barumanda shakhsiyatkho ilmy, dyne, Adab, siyes va haltsa ichtimoiya hudro boyad hub shinosy va bo an istifoda of az of an osora Ghani va Onchu's boarzish of a chomeaa imruzaro a rukhiyaa gift ekhtiry oh guzashtagon a tarbiya the card, oh in vasit a yak of a davlata ozod, a rim, shout az ikhtilof echod we will wash a taassuba. H, akhon of a maniviya of a chavonona hudro Ghani sozy, oyandaa zero to a kishvar davlat oh shakhsiit, donish, chakhonbin va hudshinosiya of a milliya of Onchu sakht the vobast meboshad".4

1 M. Dazraty va I. Saidiyen. Islam. Raviya, madhhab va firkakho it. - Dushanbe, 1992. page 195-196
2 Gift of a boraa of a vasiyatkhoa Imomi Azam murochiat shavad oh kitob Mahomed Raufi Tavakkuly "Chakhor of an akhla imoma sunnat va chamoat". - Dushanbe, 2002, page 28-31 va "Kissakho az Ruzgori Imomi Azam" navishtaa Ravshani Damrokh va Ibrokhimi Nakkosh. - Dushanbe, 2008. page 89-122.
3 M. Dimmatzoda.Zindagy va of an osora Yim Abuhangifa. - Huchand, 2004. page 12-16.
4 Zmomaly Rahmon, "Imomi Azam va of a huviyata milly"./Ruzgor va of a hazrata osora Imomi Azam - Huchand, 2008, page 8.

a davoma Gift solkhoi Iyetikdodiyati of a davdatiya of the H, umkhurii Tochikiston bo shukukhu shakhomati hoca tachdid gardidani chashnvorakhoi buzurgi tajrikhii akhamiyati baynadhadky va chakhony doshta of 1100-solagiya Davlatdorii Somoniyon, Kamodi Xychandy's b75-solagiya, 2700-solagiya shakhri Kulo6, the 2700-solagiya "Avasto", 1150-solagiya asosguzori adabiyot кла^икии to a tochik swagger Abuabdullokhi Rudaky, Salt zabon tochiky, akhiran Salts buzurgdoshti Imomi Ajzam Abukhanifa Nujmon an ibna Sobit ejdon salt shudan chory va monand in bidun yagon to Shaq shubkha bakhri gustarishi ejtibori chakhonii middat kukhanbunyodi points sakhmi bosazoi hudro guzoshtand. Tajrikh it is thin guvokh nuclear heating plant, ki a gift yagon davru zamon I go chashnkhoi middiya mo-tochikon a gift chunin satkhi skillies bo chadb vasei tavachchukhi a chomea, muttasilu doimy, bo hadafkhoi odiya sozanda charayon girifta boshad, oh vuku naomadaast. Makhz bo to a tadosh paygirikhoi Sarvari davdatamon, Chdnobi Ody mukhtaram Emomady Rahmon tachdid gardidani silsilai buzurgdoshtkhoi tajrikhy bakhri Bodo raftani satkhi hudshinosii middy, hidoyati nasli muosir oh shoiyetaa fajodiyat sozandagy musoidat namudand.

Az ying of py, imruzkho ki Tochikistoni to Aziz sokhibistikloli mo gift irtibot bo chomea chakhony gift samtkhoi inkishof farkhangu majnaviyot, bekhdoshti zindagiya vaz mardum, to Vahdat yagonagy va hayoti sozanda ustuvorona to codes meguzorad, rapy paykori achdodon of a fozida of a guzashtaa mo baroi xap yak fardi chomea, makhsusan chavonon kishvar boyad namuna ibrat va payravy boshad.

Kalida Vozhakho: Sit down buzurgdoshti Imomi Ajzam, Abukhanifa Nujmon an ibna Sobit, Umavikho's hukumat, hidofat, hukumati Abbosiyon, hanafiya, Istikdodiyati of a davdatiya of the H, umkhurii Tochikiston.

O.K. Karimov

VIEW OF HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PREREQUISITES

IMPROVEMENT of the PERSONALITY AND DOCTRINE IMOMA AJZAMA

Article is devoted to the analysis and a research of social and historical prerequisites of emergence and improvement of the personality and the doctrine of one of outstanding persons of the world of Islam - Abukhanify Nujmon ibn Sobit whose anniversary, according to the Order of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, is celebrated this year.

The author also considers the place and a role of valuable conclusions of this thinker for our society and in development of humanity in general.

KARIMOV O.K.

HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PROMOTION OF PERSONALITY AND IMOMI

AZAM’S STUDY

This article draws reader’s attention to analyses and research of social and historical references of appearance and promotion of individual and the study of one of the famous persons of Islam - Abuhanifa Numon ibn Sobit whose jubilee will be honored according our president's decree.

James Williams
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