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Antipode & #34; застоя" (Alexander Dmitrievich Boborykin)



v. V. Mikshin,

professor of UNESCO department "Theory of education in polycultural society"

ANTIPODE of "STAGNATION" (Alexander Dmitrievich Boborykin) *

the 70th years. The beginning of a ceremonial meeting in our Kuibyshevsky district in the next occasion. In rather short series of eminent people the characteristic, slightly jumping up gait the elderly person of exclusively imposing appearance, from large-headed lion's landing, a noble ashy gray hair and the brown eyes splashing energy on the face abounding large moves to a scene in the black suit which is perfectly looking on it if not to tell rough, but, nevertheless, surprisingly harmoniously combined lines.

"It is true that Alexander Dmitrievich from noblemen?" — the sitting next colleague asks me, looking at the stage where this minute the members of presidium take the places and where even in this simple procedure our dear rector is strikingly distinguished from others with the verified mastitost of the habits. And at this moment such assumption does not seem neither ridiculous, nor unexpected in spite of the fact that it sharply disperses from reality.

No, Alexander Dmitrievich — not from noblemen. Been born in prerevolutionary 1916 in the Tver village located in heart of Russia — near a source of Volga he grew up in big country family.

In youth dreamed to become the diplomat and, judging by specifics of his endowments, quite could become him. Its elements — a debate, open polemic in the heat of a conversation and unceasing hidden — infinite probing of the interlocutor, guessing of its plans, motives, implication. Specific turns of speech and a manner of their statement, all complex of everyday behavior during the conversation demonstrated knacks which are professionally significant in a diplomatic field.

However own fate and the war, general for all people, solved in own way. Even before war came to teacher's college, and after war graduated from it. Specialty — Russian and literature.

* Alexander Dmitrievich Boborykin (16.11.1916, Zaroyevo Pskovskoy of lips. — 23.11.1988, Leningrad) — professor (1972), the corresponding member of NPA of the USSR (1968). Graduated from office of language and literature of LGPI of M.N. Pokrovsky (1949); LGPI postgraduate study of M.N. Pokrovsky in the specialty: political economy (1952). Worked in LGPI of M.N. Pokrovsky as the senior lecturer (1952), the associate professor (1957), as the department chair of political economy (1954-1957), since 1957 after merging of institutes — the department chair of political economy in LGPI of A.I. Herzen. Since 1961 the deputy director on study; from 1964 to 1986 — the rector of LGPI, since 1987 — professor-consultant. Participant of the Great Patriotic War. Awarded with awards: Red Star (I, II, III degrees) (1944-1945), Patriotic war of the II degree (1945), Labour Red Banner (1966); 14 medals, including: "For defense of Leningrad", "For liberation of Prague", "For capture of Berlin", "For a victory over Germany" (1941-1946); "For Excellent Progress in Work" badge. Winner of the State award of the USSR (1980). Scientific research is devoted to problems of social science and educational television. More than 100 scientific works are published.

It genetically belonged to that breed of people, happy for the Russian reality of the 20th century, who are nearly born with installation to serve people. And in this service from young years to the last days steadily kept up to date, and quite often and advancing it. Homepages of his bright life are written by destiny in 1964-1986 during a rektorstvo in the Leningrad teacher's college of A.I. Herzen. It would seem, completely — an era of "stagnation". In a new way and largely nobody wants to resolve the arising issues, to look for adventures in most cases. But Alexander Dmitrievich — from minority.

Command and administrative methods of work are not alien to it at all. But his impetuous, active character could not be content with what is. It — and is not enough, is also uninteresting. Alexander Dmitrievich was able and liked to take the risk for the sake of achievement bigger. And bigger not for itself(himself), more precisely not only for itself(himself), how many for institute to which it completely and organically connected itself(himself). This quality — harmonious merge personal and the general — Alexander Dmitrievich had in such high measure that it can quite be ranked as the best, reference representatives of the Soviet era. And here it was uniform with the time too, and from subjects the best that in this time it was inherent.

At all times, and at present especially, heads who hated near themselves the person cleverer and erudite, than they were frequent. Alexander Dmitrievich — not from such. From communication with interesting people with whom, in particular, pushed together his life in business hours or at the neighbourhood at uncountable meetings he truly felt intellectual pleasure, immediately invited for lecturing in institute, sincerely regretted when it was impossible.

It belonged with invariable respect for each member of the Academic council of institute. And especially highly appreciated Council as collective, a high meeting of magnificent minds. Monthly meetings of Council according to once and for all to the established schedule and the schedule, with in advance, for the year ahead, the approved agenda were topmost events in daily activity of the rector. It went on them, anticipating a thought holiday as quite reasonably hoped to hear every time not only deep according to the contents and the argument, bright in a form, pro, but also the biting, hitting into the essence, given rise by other vision sharp attacks contra.

Of course, it went on a meeting keen also the forthcoming role, a role of the person who not just presides over a meeting (simply to preside he easily charged to another), and sets the tone for a conversation, all the time holds discussion thread in own hand, instantly and vigorously reacts to each argument of the hall and even breterstvut a little, "running" into objections if the hall is excessively quiet and there are only opinions pro. Conducting a meeting thus, he consistently aspired to the ending, victorious for himself victorious on sense, contents of the made decision and that is not less important, on beauty of the stated arguments and refinement of polemic receptions. The deserved victory brought also obvious satisfaction.

As we see, for Alexander Dmitrievich a meeting of Council of institute — not the just important act of business everyday life, but also a neobkhodimeyshy part of private life, the most suitable arena for self-expression, both work and rest, and state and public, and intimate and personal as now speak, rolled into one.

And at selection of teachers and employees first of all people bright both in business, and in purely human plan were appreciated. Devotion to common cause of service to institute and ability to creative search, rich intelligence and decency — here those main qualities which along with high professional competence they had to possess.

Each new teacher could be hired in institute "from outside" only after the personal interview with the rector in the presence of the corresponding manager -

fedry, the vice rector for study, and it is frequent also the vice rector for scientific work. And the conversation became possible only after the head of the department acquaints with necessary documents and own vision of prospects of the offered candidate of the vice rector for study and will get the green light from it, in turn coordinated with the rector.

So difficult procedure was strictly observed within all twenty two years of work of Alexander Dmitrievich as the rector. During this time through it there passed not one hundred people, and on each of stages it was not mere formality. During employment the personal responsibility for necessary business and moral qualities of future teacher was undertaken by both the head of the department, and the vice rector for study. Such interview helped department and institute to avoid hasty mistakes, to the rector — personally the nobility (about one thousand) teachers working at institute, and employed — to feel exacting, but at the same time and respect of the management of institute for itself from the first day of the activity on the new place.

Same if, practice of selection of candidates for a postgraduate study "for itself" was no more difficult. In general Alexander Dmitrievich believed a way through own postgraduate study the main thing in replenishment of the faculty and persistently introduced this thought in minds of managers of departments. At it the periodic discussions on administration of personnel prospect of each of more than eighty departments, discussion which became considerable events in life of institute entered practice.

Both managers of departments, and deans, and vice rectors prepared for them. They were present at discussion, they were exposed also to cruel demand from the rector. The question inevitably soared in air: "And who — in a nape?" It directly concerned everyone for whom in the next 5-6 years the retirement age waited. It was required to know already now a surname of the candidate for a postgraduate study who could finish and become during this time successfully it literally a reserve on replacement. This person had to have the Leningrad registration, come to a postgraduate study at once from a student's bench of our higher education institution and at the same time have the potential for preparation of the doctoral dissertation in 5-10 years after protection candidate.

It is necessary to be able, Alexander Dmitrievich insisted, already on the II-III courses to see the person with the corresponding inclinations and to work consistently with the student, supplying him harder and harder and at the same time with the various tasks including including check of ability to live in collective, to work not only for itself, but also for others, etc. The candidate should not have been the student or the graduate of correspondence department at all (in this case the weakness of its general vocational training was meant). He could not be from among the graduates left at department for work as the laboratory assistant (in this case his low intellectual potential was assumed). At last, it is absolutely undesirable that it was from those who graduated from the institute more than three years ago.

At the beginning many managers of departments sought to make out a joke in similar requirements of the rector, tried to reduce a conversation to a joke. But Alexander Dmitrievich remained is unshakable. At the same time he was not limited to consideration of age parameters only of faculty members. Boborykin demanded from managers to have a clear idea of a reserve on replacement himself, of a form and terms of preparation of master's theses by young "neostepenenny" teachers and timely training of certified specialists of the top skills through doctoral studies.

"were opened by such way", came to a postgraduate study, and then many nowadays widely famous experts on whom actually and work in a number of the major divisions keeps today and which the work multiply glory of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia far beyond its limits became professors. Among them — the rector of the university G.A. Bordovsky, the first vice rector V.A. Kozyrev, the vice rector for scientific work

V.V. Laptev, vice rector for study V. of II. Culms, deputy first vice rector V.A. Bordovsky, director of scientific research institute of continuous pedagogical education N.F. Radionova, dean N.L. Choubina, managers of departments A.P. Tryapitsyna, L.A. Regush, V.D. Chernyak, Yu.N. Gladky, Yu.T. Matasov, E.I. Annenkova, N.L. Stefanova, T.G. Arkadyeva and many, many others.

Work of the rector on staff recruitment was very and very successful. Besides bright indicators of development and improvement of various parties of institute life, obvious criterion of such assessment was the lack of enthusiasm for intrigues and scheming. "Why from your institute there are no anonymous letters? We were already tired to deal with them in other higher education institutions" — it was necessary to hear not once from workers and regional committee, and the ministry. Yes therefore they were not, as the rector, both vice rectors, and deans, and managers of departments were united and rallied by care of business, of common cause.

"In process of the movement by 80th the humanitarian direction in activity of institute actively develops" — we read in the book published to bicentennial anniversary of the university. And Alexander Dmitrievich — the main motor of this activity. Gumanitar — to the core, chosen literature the specialty even when receiving high school education, he, having become the rector, pays the greatest attention to development of faculty of Russian and literature and faculty of foreign languages, many efforts directs to improvement of activity of art and graphic faculty and faculty of the people of Far North and also all-institute departments of social sciences. The dictionary office, language laboratory, a sculptural workshop, a postgraduate study on North languages, the special case for departments of social sciences develop the work at this particular time.

First of all on these faculties and departments the persistent search of cool experts and outstanding personalities as "on the party", and among own graduates is conducted. In scientific research of many departments the special attention is given to the identity of the teacher and the student. Not without participation of Alexander Dmitrievich elected in 1968 the corresponding member of Academy of pedagogical sciences of the USSR the decision of Academy the Gertsenovsky research institute becomes leading in big group of the teacher training Universities occupied with scientific development of problems of moral education of school students.

"The higher education institution begins with library" — as isty gumanitar, it liked to repeat. Very much was proud of million funds of books including the most rare editions stored in institute library. (Any provincial teacher training University and many Leningrad institutes could not even approach this indicator). Monitored timely orders of new receipts, found new rooms for placement of books after the next repair.

Distribution of duties in administration was quite accurate. The rector carried out practically all communications with the outside world, internal affairs were run by vice rectors on the basis of some kind of balanced independence. The rector, of course, constantly was aware of internal life — through participation in planning and fulfillment of large affairs and decisive, event steps, via the device not frequent, but always visits rounds, loud on consequences, one faculty, another. Enormous experience, a rich intuition, a sharp eye helped it even during lightning "raid" on the smallest details to understand an essence of the events and to make a right picture of a general state of affairs. In the same way and on visiting days on separate private "mentions" of the teachers and managers of departments coming to reception absolutely on other, especially specific questions he was able to take out right judgments of a condition of faculty life. Selection and arrangement of teaching personnel and also the organization of work of Council of institute what there was already a speech about were the key moments of institute life for it. But, besides, he so strictly headed the organization of enrollment of students on the I course and distribution of graduates to work (the same, as a rule, concerned also graduate students).

On reception he learned how each faculty worked by search of professionally focused entrants what level replenishment was received once again by Gertse-novsky institute. On distribution Alexander Dmitrievich saw the concentrated result of five years' work of teachers with students with all its flaws and achievements. (And here as evaluation criteria a lot of things were important for it: as enter, leave, sit down, answer, sign or do not sign the distribution to the concrete place of work.) There were also two more types of activity — on the verge of affairs internal and external — in which he systematically also participated personally, seeing in them important indicators of work of institute. These are the translations of students from other higher education institutions and a meeting with foreign colleagues.

At personal acquaintance to the students wishing to be transferred from other higher education institution to Gertsenovsky it had a rare opportunity to make sure personally of how quality of training at our institute in comparison with others looks.

Those years and the ministry, and party committees, being the supervising organizations, in words disowned from the fact that progress of students for them — the most important criterion for evaluation of higher education institution. And in practice, without having other distinct criteria, widely leaned on it. And, kind of sensitively reacting to it, the progress grew. But as the number of established posts of the faculty depended on the number of students, increase in insistence to knowledge was fraught with staff reduction. The scheme was iron: increase in insistence — increase in "two" — growth of number deducted — reduction of number of students — reduction of teachers. Why to tempt destiny?

Under this press many provincial teacher training Universities caved in. But at Gertsenovsky institute "from a rigid hand of" the venerable professorate which was not wishing "to renounce the principles", insistence was higher (and the progress, naturally, is lower). Alexander Dmitrievich to whom the high brand of institute was more expensive expensive completely shared this point of view. And not just divided, and, understanding, than it can end, systematically "was at war" with the ministry or was let in other difficult combinations to leave from under a reduction sword of Damocles.

For this reason each precedent of a discrepancy of knowledge of the translated student with his estimates in the record book was for Alexander Dmitrievich some kind of moment of truth and was regarded by it as a real award to persistence of teachers and its own, generously spent efforts. For this reason he, for example, almost in all high offices where happened, long repeated the story about how the student transferred to faculty of foreign languages (most often such cases met just at this faculty) with almost excellent estimates, was defined on a course below, then is two courses lower, and eventually came to the rector and told: "And it is impossible for me course below? — I do not understand what they speak about". (It about classes in language in the English group).

In the same way Alexander Dmitrievich sought to do not miss any meeting reception of foreign guests — employees of the higher pedagogical and high school from various foreign states, from year to year more often visiting institute. Liked to happen abroad and visited a set of the countries, every time attentively getting acquainted with particular practice of preparation of pedagogical shots, captiously compared, estimated, prepared the soil for establishing regular business contacts of students and teachers - gertsenovtsev with foreign colleagues.

the 1960-1980th — the culmination of the authority and power of our country as great world power in the 20th century. Our experience of development of secondary education and training of teachers drew attention of many. Millions of people stretched to learning Russian. And at our institute, departments of Russian for students and teachers of foreigners one by one appeared. The number of higher education institutions (of course, mainly in the countries of the socialist camp) with which long-term contracts on a partner sotrud-were signed grew

nichestvo. And Alexander Dmitrievich was the main driving force of development of these processes. By its efforts the international recognition of LG11I of A.I. Herzen was created and got stronger.

And that to indefatigable desire to meet foreign delegations, in it there was everything: both insatiable thirst new, and not cooled down memory of a youthful dream to become the diplomat, and the same steady aspiration to win in any including to the hidden polemic (especially every time over new "opponent"), and one more opportunity to observe how his closest employees cope with the story about institute affairs and answers to questions with twisting implication. At last, at these meetings, comparing, it could check achievements of institute a measure of foreign experience.

In the Soviet higher education institution in the context of state planning everything was solved "above": how many to accept students that to read to them and in what volume how many and what to have for this purpose teachers what sums to spend for material security of educational process, etc. If not to "twitch" and work in the old manner, on the plans approved by the ministry, then it is possible to make ends meet nevertheless. If "you twitch", then after long insisting any innovation can be resolved, but states, financing will leave former. Meanwhile the experimental curriculum is new objects, new shots, increase in loading at the same number of students. And states pay off on students. The new laboratory is a new room, and the same walls, it is the new equipment, and money for it is not provided. In any case the experimental curriculum, any even small updating something, as a rule, at once wound problems according to the same scheme. And without innovations there is no development. In these conditions to worry, boil, be indignant to such irrepressible nature as at Alexander Dmitrievich, it was necessary almost constantly and on the most wide range of questions. And still from all difficulties, cares and efforts by the most impassable and very heavy was a solution of tasks economic, problems of development and strengthening of educational material resources. His colleagues on the periphery, solved these problems with the effective help to local government in most cases quicker and easier. And it is not sophisticated. Then in absolute majority of the regional centers of Russia was only on one, is more rare — on two higher education institutions. And their rectors already therefore became outstanding figures in local administrative elite, were almost everywhere elected members of bureau of regional party committees. In Leningrad only of civil higher education institutions there were more than forty, and their rectors could apply only for membership in bureau of a district committee.

In most cases the institute was located in the buildings which are not adapted for concrete educational process. On the other hand, it buildings of HUSh-H1H of centuries, with wooden and now extremely decayed overlappings. They begin to fail one behind another so money it is required much and at once. It is absolutely impossible to punch them in the ministry in such quantity. But even if you will achieve partial financing, you will be washed in search of the contractor. In our country began to build by the principle in those days not so much how many I will be able, and how many I want. Everywhere the main thing began to lay the foundation, i.e. to pull out money for the beginning of construction. Then it was possible to hope that building will be finished sooner or later: cannot simply dig the state to the earth the national money invested in the base. As a result of dews "unfinished construction" as there were not enough construction capacities, certainly, was also multiplied.

Therefore extremely important was to find the contractor, to be included in the plan of its works. Money should have been looked for in Moscow, and the contractor in Leningrad, in regional committee, a city town committee of party as builders were necessary to all and these needs it was required to regulate. But the institute worked for the country to RSFSR, more precisely; to Leningrad in the 60-70th distributed very few graduates as here it was formed (let and temporary, but nevertheless it was) honor a surplus of teacher's shots on all specialties. In Leningrad first of all it was necessary to build and repair objects, other, more important for activity of the city.

In the light of told special respect really enormous on nervous expenses and exclusively various daily actions of this person on intellectual tricks directed to step by step to make impossible possible a large increase of the educational areas, input in a system new and repair of old cases cause those.

He made systematic arrivals to the ministry, regularly visited corridors of Smolny, held continuous telephone communication with the few sympathizers to his cares by employees, "sniffed up" what decisions are prepared, and tried to achieve in them the instruction for needs of institute. It systematically "threw" all imaginable instances on which though something could depend with detailed letters on heavy, almost catastrophic situation of educational material resources.

The majority of these efforts were vain. Both nevertheless he undertook them with rare, enviable constancy again and again.

He systematically changed vice rectors for administrative work in search of the optimum candidate, weekly (especially in recent years) held meetings of administration, mainly, concerning economy, repair and construction, achieved an additional position — the vice rector for capital repairs and construction, and under it and creations of special repair and construction management. But almost right after expansion a job of management was got on bureau of regional committee of the CPSU by a strict reprimand with entering in the registration form "for illegal creation at institute of the construction organization". This reprimand could be regarded quite as final warning (the following punishment — an exception of party and removal from work). At many in such situation hands, but only not at Alexander Dmitrievich could fall. And he goes again, goes, begs, insists, has "a ball" everywhere where it is possible to snatch "though comb through a shred" on funds, limits, permissions.

It is known that the drop and a stone sharpens — there were also on its street holidays, also large victories were gained. If to glance over everything that was acquired, repaired, constructed by institute, fair will believe: the area of the real estate in twenty years of a rektorstvo of Alexander Dmitrievich, at least, doubled. Here and the construction of three cases in the campus which solved a problem of security of students with the hostel and return to institute of the 20th building which was historically belonging to it, both commissioning which was long standing dilapidated and the 14th case imprinted in the movie "Republic of SKID" under the heading "On Count Ruins", and receiving buildings on Kakhovsky Lane, 2, Moskovsky Ave., 80, Ligovsky Ave., 46, etc. the "blue" hall Was perfectly repaired (the 4th case, premises of club), but the rector dreamed to restore and "white". And how many tortures were with restoration of a chandelier for the columned hall and artly executed front lattices on Moika Embankment, with repair of the academic building on Small Posadskaya, 26, with development of a biological research station in the settlement of Vyritsa and the geostation in the natural boundary "Iron", etc.

Of course, any of progress (in the sphere economic) was not reached without not to break something. Such is there was time — the bans and deficiency. But Alexander Dmitrievich did not give up and constantly took the risk to run on personal troubles for the benefit of gertsenovets, for the sake of institute. Such is there was a person — a ball of fire and will. Not without reason upon completion of the rectorial career it had not only up to ten reprimands, party and administrative, strict, very strict and not really, but also two awards — the Labour Red Banner and the October revolution.

If to speak about his hobbies, then again, first of all, it is necessary to call work — violent service to business. Here he, undoubtedly, had and thoroughly used expanse to express itself both the inspired production director, and the leading man concentrating attention on himself, and the most picturesque figure of the second plan in uncountable

series of intellectual and business games. Except work had passion for reading fiction, Russian and foreign, classical and, especially, modern, brought together wonderful library. Consistently and hotly was interested in painting, did not miss any exhibition, acquired books on art, pictures of modern artists. Was a frequenter of theatrical premieres. In general was it is inexhaustible inquisitive, especially in the humanitarian sphere. In all this he saw magnificent food for spiritual and intellectual and emotional and esthetic pleasure. And on the other hand, he immediately, next day, used all fruits of the hobbies at work. Very much liked to share impressions about read and seen, caused for discussion (in a conversation in private) the thinnest nuances of a plot and form, kind of checking human essence of the interlocutor on an oselka of the impressions.

It is characteristic that in this regard he was absolutely indifferent to jokes. And it is only extremely rare when the joke which is very distinguished and found in the stylistics came across to him some, retold it often and every time — greedily.

Alexander Dmitrievich definitely was a hazardous person. However did not love either sports support, or collecting mushrooms, or fishing, or hunting. All his self-igniting passion was married all to the same job. Here it was impatiently fast in big and small: did not like to go by train, preferred to fly by plane, almost till last days walked so upstairs that hardly kept up with it. Having offered the person new work and having heard from him: "Let think", immediately jumped and submitted the sheet of paper with words: "Write the application".

If to look at all these characteristic qualities more widely, then it is easy to see that Alexander Dmitrievich Boborykin was a person of boomingly pulsing temperament. He never and at anybody did not look for sympathy, from powerlessness groaned, and swore. It was necessary for it — always! — to look the winner.

Lewis Davis
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