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Saint the: to the 1020 anniversary of the Christianization of Kievan Rus'



SVYATA KRESTITEL: to the 1020 anniversary of the Christianization of Kievan Rus'

I got into a sacred font,

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and it was generated from Spirit and water,

krestivshis

in Christ dressed Christ;

also left a font, rehabilitated,

the son having become not decay,

the son of revival,

a name having accepted

forever

eminent from generation to generation — Vasily.

Under it wrote down it in the book of life

by

in a vyshny hail, in imperishable

Jerusalem.

Illarion, metropolitan.

Today, as well as for all long story of Christian Russia, the Orthodox Church remains to

"Word about the Law and Grace"

the keeper of the Russian majestic unity, pro-forming itself a unification state. In Moscow and Kiev, Chisinau and Odessa, Kharkiv, Poltava, Minsk, Vilnius, Vladivostok, Kazan, Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky, Alma-Ata and Grozny — everywhere in Orthodox churches on July 28 remember the Saint prince-baptist, the prince combiner of the Russian land, the prince who put the new basis of the Russian statehood — belief orthodox.

the Chronicle narrates

about the choice of belief by the prince, about preachers Christian and Mohammedan, about lawyers Judaic, seeking to talk over Vladimir. He sent the ambassadors to "neighbors in alien limits" to test, "which the people worship the Deity more adequately", perhaps, it was only the clever tactical move because further events find surprising political wisdom, bright state practicality of the prince and together his amazing Christian piety. Unearthly beauty of the Byzantine church service won the hearts of princely ambassadors, Vladimir decided to become a Christian, but, according to Karamzin's remark, "he took in head... to win Vera Hristianskaya and to accept her shrine a hand of the winner" 1. Having subdued Chersonese Taurian, the prince demanded to himself in the spouses the Byzantine tsarevna Anna, and, having accepted a sacred Epiphany in Chersonese, he contracted marriage with it on Christian custom here. Of course, not only one political benefit pushed the prince to this decision, and his grandma, the princess Olga, also, presumably, mother of the prince Malush was a Christian, and his famous uncle Dobrynya ispove-dyvat the right belief. Vladimir who in 17 years occupied the Princely table and establishing pagan idols in Kiev nevertheless was internally ready to the Epiphany, and, we will repeat that not only the political self-interest dictated to it this way.

the Christianity to apostolic times came to Russian lands, and the fact of a sermon of the new doctrine the apostle Andrew the First-Called fills this event with special sense — St. Andrey became the first pupil of Christ, as well as the people Russia one of the first accepted the Word of God in a bosom. "Ordinary at us contain up to five eras in a great cause of education of Russia the Gospel — before five baptisms. The sermon of the St. apostle Andrey is recognized our countries as the first era; the second — a sermon of Slavic apostles Kirill and Mefodiy in Bulgaria and Moravia and in particular their major work — the translation of the Scripture and prayer books on Slavic language; the third — the Epiphany of the first princes the Kiev Askolda and Deere; the fourth — the Epiphany of the grand duchess Olga; the fifth and final — the Epiphany of the grand duke Vladimir" 2.

the Christianization of Kievan Rus' in 988 g, i.e. consecration of soul national and construction of Christianity in a religion rank

1 N.M. Karamzin. History of the state Russian: In the 12th TM, 1989-1995. T. 1. Page 151.
2 Makari (Bulgakov), miters. History of the Russian Church. In 9 books by M., 1994-1997. Prince 1. Page 163.
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state, come true on God's Trade and at will princely, became an event immeasurable reason human scale, and it for all our history it is difficult to overestimate value — so once St. emperor Konstantin equal to the apostles opened a gate of paradise spiritual to the compatriots, having at the same time reported a powerful regal chord of the Byzantine statehood. The prince Vladimir summed up the logical result under thousand-year history of the early Russian Christianity [the linguistic investigations of the last years of the academician O.N. Trubachev about the Azovs-co-Chernomorskoy Russia indicating the ancient Slavic Southeast, opinion of the scientist that the ethnonym "рус" exactly here began to spread, Russia 3, allow us to speak even more with confidence about the 1000 anniversary of early Russian, dovladimirsky, Christianities, that to Slavs St. Andrew the First-Called bore Truth light, and only once again convince of correctness of the scientific concept of the metropolitan Makari (Bulgakov)].

this thought is very important

A because, realizing this aspect of the act of the Epiphany, we remove limit of Christian culture of Russia for a millennium ago, that is we deepen its roots, a lot of things clear up this in our history, and, in particular, sheds light on a question of the beginning of Slavic writing. More century scientists fruitlessly argue that they for the alphabet brought to us svv. Kirill and Mefodiy who, by tradition, are called "pervouchitel of Slavs". The opinion on what Kirill "invented" the Glagolitic alphabet on which he stated a Slavic translation of the Gospel deserves, in our opinion, bigger attention, only, as it is represented, did not "invent", and probably "cleaned" a little those mysterious "rushky letters" with what our far ancestors wrote. This hypothesis, besides the rare facts of material culture, is supported by simple logic: first, and the child small feels needs of nature of a nachertavata what to speak about the mature people, and, according to chernorizets Is brave, Slavs wrote with "lines and cuts" (what signs were, he does not specify), but, krestivshis, began to use the Roman and Greek letters, i.e. is obvious and during the dokirillovsky period the Slavs had the alphabet; secondly, could not but just be because, even leaning only on the facts confirmed with chronicles about military progress of rus in Byzantium (long before 988 g), it is impossible to imagine the illiterate northern neighbors who passed not near sea way on the boats (here not only to write, but also it is necessary to consider to be able well); and, at last, Slavs lived in an environment of the written people, and, in particular, the intercourses with the trading Christian Greeks were quite close. The fact of the translation of the Writing by solunsky brothers on Slavic language demonstrates at all not to how it is often said by men of science that svv. Kirill and Mefodiy improved our language and created its literary form — no, so is not as any language is a fruit of joint efforts of ethnic group, his collective creativity, and even in the absence of written tradition of the literary language, that exists, but only in oral vestments that undoubtedly confirms the art legend naroda4. Slavic language by the time of the educational mission of Greeks had already such powerful conceptual, lexical, grammatical volumes that O.N. Trubachev could "contain ne3 . In search of unity. M, 1997. Page 207.

4 Often behind reasonings on "the beginning of Slavic writing", is categorically carried - mu only to the middle of the 9th century, the old myth about bad manners and youth of Slavic peoples, about primitiveness and unsociableness of our far ancestors — such pseudoscientific slavyanofobiya disappears. Supporters of such point of view are often quite categorical — they substitute for the formal concepts the live relations occurring in times very remote; besides "rigid" scientific designs quite often fall at unexpected detection of the new facts. Meanwhile at the thoughtful researcher the existence of writing at Slavs during a pre-Christian era does not raise doubts. But it is one side of the problem. Another — opens in the following: many high cultures existed at all without the fact that it is usually considered to be special achievements, for example, of writing or stone construction, mechanical devices or use in life of tools from metal. Probably, the purposes of carriers of such cultures, their judgment of terrestrial life significantly differed from our representations. These provisions were developed by the American erudite A. Kumarasva-mi in the work "Unless I am My Brother's Keeper?" (see: Am I my brother&s keeper? N.-Y., 1947; the same work was published also in London in 1947, but under the name "Literacy as Barrier" — "The bugbear of literacy"). "Kumarasvami personified steadily developing school of a mythological and anthropological thought which outgrew provincialism of the nineteenth century and ceased to equate concepts of wisdom, progress and culture to inherent in the modern West of affectation and a vzbudorazhennost" — see: A. Watts. The myth and a ritual in Christianity. M, 2003. Page 19.

vmestimy" — the Word of God! However, "contained" much earlier, but about it below.

English vizantolog I.B. Bury who was specially studying Konstantin Bagryanorodny's composition "About management of the Empire" (apprx. 952 g), points to the amazing fact of cultural domination of Slavs: first, Slavic words for designation of some state concepts (!) occur in the Greek text, secondly, negotiations with rusa were conducted from the very beginning in Slavic, thirdly, laws and customs of Pechenegs and also the Magyar (the last example as the researcher considers, is taken from Magyar sources) are designated by the Slavic word "law" in the Greek transliteration, but not the Greek vó^OQ leaders the Magyar are called by the Slavic term of a role of "voivode". And here conclusion of Bury: "I believe that this results from the fact that between those people which were in the constant intercourses with the neighbors, Bulgarians and east Slavs, Slavic language was some kind of linqua franca (common language) so the known number of Slavic words was very widespread among the non Slavic people of the Danube and Dnieper regions. In the intercourses with foreigners, Pechenegs and Magyars was the most suitable to use such words, and it their emergence in the treatise by Konstantin could speak".

is Deserved attention also by St. John Chrysostom's certificate that already in his time (4th century) at

of Scythians and Sarmatians. It is curious that, the metropolitan Makari giving, in particular, this fact in the "History of the Russian Church" immediately questions: "Who will assure us that if, precisely, Scythians and Sarmatians the Holy Father understood ours, then it is necessary to understand as these names by all means Slavs, but not other tribes living in limits of Russians?" 6. In the light of the last researches of the academician Trubachev, search of Slavic language relics by him just in northern limits of Tavrii7, it is already positively possible to claim today that most likely "Scythians and Sarmatians" Chrysostom understood under these, in any case, not only the Sarmatians calling themselves * arya-cf. Arraei Sarmatae at Pliny (RNp. NH IV, 41), Arii at Epiphanius (4th century AD) 8, but (with high probability) and the Slavs living in areas just of Russians because also itself "the name Russia was born only on the southeast periphery ancient

9 tch

of Slavic peoples". In the unique investigations Trubachev suggests about "the in-doariysko-Slavic cultural and language contacts focused on Old Scythia by Gerodota10. If we do not acknowledge the possibility of these contacts, we will not misunderstand or we will misunderstand language history" 11 — claims uchenyy12.

the science — divna your affairs My God — almost through one hundred and fifty years one uche5 Bury I.B So wonderfully moves. The treatise De administrando imperio//Byzantinische Zeitschrift. 1906. XV.

6 Makari (Bulgakov), miters. History of the Russian Church. Prince 1. Page 167.
7 See: Trubachev O.N. INDOARICA in Northern Black Sea Coast. M, 1999.
8 Harmatta J. Studies in the history and the language of the Sarmatians. Szeged, 1970. P. 29, 77; tsit. on: Trubachev O.N. INDOARICA... Page 115.
9 Trubachev O.N. INDOARICA. Page 123.
10 "Ancestors of Indians in the south of Ukraine! Whether not too strong assumption? No, not too, because ours (Slavic, Iranian, Indian) the general ancestors once lived exactly somewhere here. In general it is known long ago. But the science needs the new facts that better the nobility as they communicated with each other when they dispersed in the ways and who and as long remained on old places" — see: Trubachev O.N. INDOARICA. Page 123.
11 O.N. Trubachev. In the same place. Page 116-117.
12 Behind practical inaccessibility of the above-stated research of Trubachev we will quote this curious fragment of the head "& #34; Old Skifiya" Herodotus's (ApxaíqZKvqír¡) (IV, 99) and Slavs. Linguistic aspect": "Greeks appeared on coast of Old Scythia long ago (the beginning of the settlement on the island Berezan is carried to the 7th century BC). The ethnic relations, almost forever Scythia which disappeared then under the general name and opened by us now with such work in the ancient time were live and imposed the print on cultural and language contacts in this area. Quite stable (& #34; évoiKaSioi"), the agricultural Indo-Aryan population served as the conductor of information coming to Greek Emporia from depths of Scythia. So, calling some more remote people, at first Greeks, and after them and we still, perhaps, we use Indo-Aryan names. Big Iranian people famous as Zavpo^azai (Herod. IV, 21) and Sarmatae (Polib. XXV, 2), used about himself as, however, and other arias, the main self-name * arya-... & lt;...>

the ny husband, revealing a word secret, the answer echoes another. Knew, Slavs knew the God's Truth. Sacrifice as the main vertical of the nature proved it. And worship of our more than far ancestors of the Sun, Sveta whether honoring of Beauty of the universe confirm the bogonosny beginning of the soul of the Russian which so wonderfully affected in a native ancient epic word. Just for this reason the people Russia heart responded to Christ, belief responded, having called itself by krestiana.

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in the depth of centuries lose roots of the Russian spiritual culture, at all not in Byzantium them has to look for; wise Trubachev saw in these sources "the system enough high religious and ethical concepts expressed in the corresponding primordial terminology developed by everything the previous Slavic and Indo-European language and common cultural development. At random the taken phrase from a church liturgical ceremony — & #34; stvory occasional office of a gospodeva and bogova нашему" — all consists of even terms, pagan on the origin... Not on empty and wild

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the place built the majestic Christian temple" 13, but on deiform completeness of life.

Of course, the Christianity brought the Greek liturgical vocabulary to Russia. But! The scientists working on "The dictionary of the Old Russian XI-XVP language of centuries" found out that in the most ancient Russians — not liturgical — texts not less than 10,000 times the word god meets, and a word god has "deep-pagan origin". "Even without special calculations. a conclusion about the nuclear, basic and most frequency use of the terms taken by Christianity from an old pre-Christian cult is permissible: Saint, belief, god, paradise, spirit, soul, sin, law and some other. From now on what for centuries and even in the millennia served old belief (and, for example, the word god was issued as religious probably under the Iranian influence during a Scythian era, that is at least for more than one thousand years before the Christianization of Kievan Rus') began to serve new faith in Christ." 14.

So, year of the 988th. All life of the people by one vigorous movement as though concentrated in a high spiritual thought again. Belief values hristipodobno to how about Sarmatians the Greeks for the first time heard from Indo-Aryans of Northern Black Sea Coast, the same way several centuries later Greeks and with them learned the civilized world of that time about ancient Slavs. Similarly the name of a part of Slavs on the southeast outskirts & Ävrai (Prokopy), Antes (Jordan) was not the Slavic self-name, but also was not also the word of the Iranian origin; it arose in the Indo-Aryan language environment, cf. other - Indus. anta-& end, край&. These data and also some other, reported below, allow to suggest obindoariysko-Slavic cultural and language contacts (our italics. — N of M.), focused on Old Scythia Herodotus. & lt;...> So, Ptolemaeus mentions stavan: & ipt ^év roog OvOsvéSaq nakiv ralívSai Kam ZovSivom Kam ZmvavoM ^SXP1 T™v & 4^avwv (Ptol. Geogr. III, V, 9) & #34; and below vened — galinda and sudina, and stavana to аланов". Including this certificate doubtful reflection of the Slavic self-name * slovéne (a strong deviation of a form, too early fixing — 2nd century AD), scientists carried this name to Sarmatian, to the Baltic breeding names, cf. the valid neighbourhood of a name of a stavana from alana and also with undoubted Balts — sudina and galinda. However, it was truly noticed that this list just reflects quite good acquaintance of the ancient geographer to the people occupying & #34; Azov and Baltic коридор". It would be inexplicable and is unnatural if in this space absolutely there were no Slavs. Communication of forms * to slovéne and Zmoavoínesomnenna, it it is only necessary to explain. Cf. other - Indus. * stávana-or Iran., avistas. stavana-& хвалимый&, a participle from a verb other - Indus. * stauti, avistas. & to praise staolti, славить&. It is difficult not to see here that Indo-Aryan or — this time the general Indo-Iranian * stavana-, Zzavavoí — was transfer Slavic * slovéne with substitution of st-instead of the difficult sl-group (we will remember similar substitution of glories. sl-the Greek oqk in this name) and also with natural reflection of Slavic vocalism about-é in the form of unique Indo-Iranian and — and (can be, with the longitude of the second and, cf. vocalism of an Old Indian form above, against the background of the probable longitude of glories. é in * slovéne). Another is important. This transfer had character of the intelligent translation tracing-paper that speaks about a certain extent of engagement and also kind of confirms in our eyes here a rare example of a unification of national and scientific etymology which are distinguished from each other only by absence or existence of necessary steps of word formation why in one case the same communication is kind of incorrect (national etymology славяне< the glory), and in another — is right (scientific etymology * slovéne< * slovo, * sluti> * slava).

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seriously did not bring up So far a question of Old Indian influence on praslavyansky, except for the controversial book Traymera (TreimerK. Die Ethnogenese der Slawen. Wien, 1954. S. 22, 37, 41, 47, 75) in which, by the way, it is already told (the truth, it is unsubstantiated) about reflections of Slavic contacts with praindiyets, about the Indian upper layer in Scythian society and about the competition Old Indian with Iranian in the south of Russia" (Trubachev O.N. INDOARICA... Page 115-118).

13 O.N. Trubachev. In search of unity. Page 37.
14 In the same place. Page 38 and further.
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ansky were in consonance to soul Slavic, because Russia so joyfully met Christ — Gryady in the name Lord's is blessed. Beloved Kiyev became a clean font of Russia. Here twelve sons of the grand duke were baptized in one source which kept the memory of this event in the name — the Khreshchatyk. Together with them accepted fertile ablution of waters and many boyars here (and as the point of the Kiev events developed here on Khreshchatyk, gloomy fall of 2004 is terrible!), and a little bit later Pochayna's coast endured sacred and solemn minutes of the Christianization of Kievan Rus' when almost all residents of Kiev, and young and old alike, entered pure waters of the Russian Jordan, with that forever our people became Christian. It is an indissoluble great Precept of the Russian people good luck — the Kiev Vladimir Precept!

In the first three years Orthodoxy triumphed on all great way "from Greeks in Varangians", was stretched to Northern lands, only Novgorod, showed to Rostov da Moore resistance, but gradually and it was preodoleno1. Creating the new great power, the prince Vladimir saw a basis of durability it in unity national, strengthened by a creative Life-giving Word and Spirit. According to the legend, in 990 or 992 g. the prince equal to the apostles visited the country Suzdal where he itself brought the certificate of the Truth to which with humility, like Kiev residents, inhabitants of these edges listened; and on the bank of the river of Klyazma put the city named by Vladimir where constructed wooden church of the Dormition of the Theotokos.

we do not vdaditsya by

in reasonings on the spiritual meaning of the Epiphany — to that the best witness is history of our people, life of the Russian Saints — this surprising chronicle of the Russian sanctity. But we will address generalization of results of state construction work of the St. prince equal to the apostles.

the prince Vladimir "did not want to force conscience, apparently; but took the best, most reliable measures for destruction of pagan delusions: he tried to educate Russians. To approve Vera on knowledge of books Divine, in the 9th century

translated into Slavic language by Kirill and Mefodiy and undoubtedly for a long time known to the Kiev Christians, Veliky Knyaz got for adolescents of school, being the first basis of national education in Russia" 16. — What excellent answer to the modern persecutors of education of our stray people who under any pretexts are seeking to forbid for study at school only of "Bases of orthodox culture", who are covered with imaginary democratic character and so-called toleration. — Well the grand duke understood: knowledge which is not united by spirit of belief that the scattered riches which are easy for using for the most various purposes including in the evil. In essence, the orthodox government, starting with the prince Vladimir, undertook care about education of the people — it was absolutely new fruitful tradition.

Vladimir Baptist entered Russia into great Christian family. He created new type of the Russian statehood — Christian which indispensable ideal was a distribution of the world on the earth, God's glories, but not human, umire-ny passions, hostility and "hated discord of this world", opposition to a sin and defect; "not to us, not us, but your name" was served in all history of Russia while there was an orthodox kingdom, the best Russian people.

Russian world as the chronicle of world events shows, was the main stronghold of a Christian civilization — destruction led it to catastrophic consequences for all mankind. And the attempt of restoration of the empire in the 40th of the 20th century and creation vseslavyansky (the East European socialist camp) the union, alas, bore poor fruits. Success was short-lived because the godlessness became a cornerstone of this formation. Veliky deception of the Russian people during World War II, and in the Soviet Union, and in dispersion, became indispensable guarantee of shattering falling of all communistic design, but not only it. Everything that occurs today in the world, is, on

15 Of course, not everything was smoothly and without serious consequences; historical evidences speak about fight against pagan gods. "It is touching, however, that, at all sharpness, revolutionism of change of paganism by Christianity in Russia, as well as in all Slavic world, being followed by ruin of former shrines, the Saint the leaving paganism transferred the idea of sanctity and a concept to Christianity. The former belief was exposed only then as superstition, that is & #34; naprasnovery, vain вера"... All accusatory imenoslovy was born in fight, and earlier it, probably, was called differently and was related to wisdom, prophetic spirit, kind sense" (O.N. Trubachev. In search of unity. Page 39).
16 N.M. Karamzin. Decree. soch. Page 154.

our look, result of century genocide of the Russian people — the people of bogonosets, with his world responsiveness and richness of Christian soul. This definition of our national egoism given by Dostoyevsky amazingly was confirmed especially by events of the 20th century: frenzied forces of darkness started, first of all, tormenting Russian people, Orthodoxy which carrier of spirit are Russians. And today strongly interferes with builders of "the global Universe" our people with his pronounced state, imperial consciousness, with the blood sense of justice, absolute good granted only by God.

These precious qualities of Russian to soul - and an umonachertaniye as if Nachalokhudozhnik, carefully cultivated the Saint prince Vladimir, excellently understanding that only good luck in soul of people there is a creation sensible that only such person is a builder, the creator of the living world, a sorabotnik Domostroitelstva Bozhiya. Having endured the real repentance with acceptance of the Epiphany, Vladimir sought to set and eternal an example of Christian piety. In 983 g in the face of the prince Feodor and John, the father and the son, Christian Varangians were tortured. Vladimir did not forget this, and after a sacred Epiphany he on the place of death of these martyrs for Christ's belief erected the Deiparous temple, the well-known "Tithe" church, in pursuance of the God's precept to give to the Lord tithe from the manors ("And any tithe on the earth from seeds of the earth and from fruits of a tree belongs to the Lord: it is the Lord's shrine... And any tithe... from everything that passes under a staff the tenth has to devote to the Lord". Lion. 27. 30, 32).

Widely knows to

nishchelyuby the Saint prince. The chronicler tells how Vladimir enjoined to everyone orphaned and poor to come to his yard and to raise to everyone on a potreba of food and drink, and money; the prince constructed for cripples and poor people of almshouse who contained on his means. It is curious feature of the Russian government which already from the very beginning actually undertook social functions that was not known by Europe, Vladimir's time, later, there these duties were transferred to Church. In internal government the prince for the first time recognized value of the law written, and also princely charters will appear later. The church and the territorial authorities will apprehend bases of the Byzantine right.

the Russian Church from the first days of the existence became force state and unifying. The word of the Truth soldered together the Russian people forever, the religion was the major consolidating factor in the course of formation of our national consciousness. The Christ's spirit of the doctrine and the authority of Church got all parties of the state and national life. The church and the State went hand in hand — so was also at the St. prince, and in the subsequent times up to the known events of the second half of the 17th century. In fact, the prince Vladimir established that symphony of the authorities about which the emperor Justinian wrote in the short stories, that vivifying principle of internal balance that came to us from Byzantium and generally remained throughout the entire period of the Moscow kingdom.

Vladimir Veliky put the basis to a monarchist system of our power. This system on the being is a system theocratic. God is the highest lord of the sky and earth. And the Saint prince, itself having accepted the Epiphany, already consecrated with this act the ruling right hand: the power is consecrated, it from God Istinn now.

Russia from now on found the status of the kingdom and entered a rank of great powers (as the tradition is deep and integral!).

the Marriage of the prince Vladimir on the Byzantine princess Anna became an event outstanding; Greeks did not want to give the tsarevnas and for the western emperors, and only after long negotiations in 972 g the bonds of matrimony connected the tsarevna Feofano, Anna's sister, with Otton II. Tsars Konstantin and Vasily became related only with the German emperor and the Russian grand duke! Vladimir managed to hold a firm place brilliantly in Europe and on the Varangian communications, and on new German relationship, and at the same time kept the kind relations with Byzantium (he helped Byzantium with difficult campaigns to Syria against Mohammedans), seeking to maintain those with Rome. The policy had it a certain all-European character. And by marriages of the children it fixed communications Polish, Hungarian, Swedish even stronger. On the death of the tsarevna Anna the prince married again, having taken this time the spouse from the German imperial house, Otton Veliky's granddaughter, but who was also a native niece Feofano. Thus the Russian Land at St. Vladimir found a high position among the European states and together

held strong communication with Byzantium; and the grand duke consciously proved the European way of development of the Russian power. But, apparently, it was possible only in the conditions of a uniform Christian oykumena.

And therefore, on the one hand, today's political concept of inclusion of Russia in the all-European union has very deep roots, but, with another — promyslitelno our history went in other ways, in the ways of maintaining the right belief, to that, obviously, there was a will national after 1054, tragic for life of a Christian civilization, Vladimir Baptist rested in 1015, however it is simple to assume which would be its position, happen falling away of the Roman department during lifetime of the prince. In any case, the metropolitanate the Russian kept strong bonds with the Byzantine Mother Church, values of belief were higher momentary and, as a rule, than vain political hopes. In the middle of the 15th century, after fall of Byzantium, the Moscow Russia which endured the Tatar-Mongolian invasion and revived appeared in private with the West, with Europe which already in many respects lost the Christian principles and seeking to subordinate in any ways to itself orthodox to Giperborey. And the state will of our people which only passed through a hearth of an overseas yoke, the Christian spirit it grown by the Saint prince will keep the Russian kingdom before accident of 1917

the memory of the people of Russian of Vladimir and his Power, of the Sacred Hail Kiev was strong. The Moscow princes, collectors of the Russian Land, remembered the great-grandfather St. Volodimere; in the diploma about election on Mikhail Feodorovich Romanov's kingdom it was specially told about the grand duke who was translucent Russia a sacred Epiphany and for equal to the apostles called, expanded the possession and through autocratic named.

So, the reviving Russian state, I sozidayemoit Moscow, stored Vladimir Baptist's Precept in the historical memory, great continuity of the generations from generation to generation transferring "& lt so remained; legends of clever old times", so

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updated sacred tradition of the Russian orthodox statehood which Moscow inherited from Kiev.

of St. grand duke Vladimir was remembered in the word by the Kiev metropolitan Sylvester when he together with Little Russian clergy met on January 16, 1654 the boyar Buturlin accepting Small Russia in connection with the Moscow kingdom because there was no other such historical figure, other such name which would become an original symbol of unity of the Russian people. St. Vladimir's power was the basis of national and cultural association of east Slavs as Slavs of Russians; and its this great value remained at all stages of history of our people, especially, when there were three of its mighty branches — malorusa, velikorusa and Belarusians.

I it is not accidental the Russian refugees in exile, in the same Europe at all, with special respect will celebrate day of remembrance of Vladimir Baptist. This holiday will begin to be called Day of the Russian Glory. For many thousands of orthodox sufferers this day will find value of a hope, hope for revival of the Fatherland. Special honoring of the Saint prince, founder of the orthodox power, in the Russian Abroad will precisely indicate the source of spiritual power of not broken Russia. In 1934 in Harbin St. Vladimir's Institute with theological, economic and polytechnical faculties will be created, in Belgrade there will be St. Vladimir's Brotherhood, after the war in Brazil (San-Pa-ulo) there will be "the Vladimir Bulletin" (1956-1968). And the celebration of the 950 anniversary of the Christianization of Kievan Rus' will take place with improbable scope and rise; 1938 really will become for the Russian exiles year St. Vladimir — the rough surge in orthodox Vladimir celebrations as though last time before terrible war will wash a fertile wave tired Europe.

But a similar wave rose and a year before, in the 1937th, in century of death of Pushkin. And the birthday of the poet is other special holiday of the Russian refugees — became Day of the Russian Culture.

17 it is not accidental in far Harbin (but which spiritually, of course, was closer to historical Russia) in 1937 the hot patriot, the hieromartyr archbishop Nestor/Anisimov/, lord Kamchatsky and Seoul, noting I sow date, mournful for Russians, wrote: "Among painful experiences of the present when our Rodina groans under heavy oppression, and we, her exiles, eat the most bitter bread of exile in poverty and humiliation when the despair sometimes is ready to capture the cowardly, suffered much heart — it is joyful to realize suddenly, not reason only, but heart to feel that contrary to all humiliations, any contempt which we drink a full bowl nevertheless possess us to the great, most big people in the world.

So, two days in a year — on May 26 (articles) and on July 15 (articles) — almost for 20 years (and after war though, for obvious reasons, any more not with that scope) were especially solemnly noted by our compatriots abroad.

"Remember that you Russian" — these words could be read in many classrooms of the Russian educational institutions, for example, in Yugoslavia. Helped to remember it also both holidays — Vladimir and Pushkin.

Truly surprising, by time and space, a meeting of two great names, a meeting, so clear and close to the Russian heart, and it is absolutely amazing — a meeting, documentary justified: long-term works of the domestic Pushkin scholar devotee, Andrey Andreevich A.A., authentically established the family tree

A.S. Pushkin's

going from Rurik, from the Saint grand duke Vladimir equal to the apostles — the Baptist of Rusi18!

it is So delightful spiritual history of the people is not casual, pulse of our life is so amazing, depths of soul national are so immense.

But if slightly more fixedly to peer into two of these faces, that general is easy to see

between them that, just, and "Russian" is called. Fortress and strength of mind, the unbending will granted only by strong belief that you serve the Truth, a living faith in God, belief and fidelity, both sacrifice, and passionate love to the people and the Fatherland.

"Prophetic spirit" and "kind sense" an essence the primordial Russian beginnings, and memories of sacred old times induce us to store that mustard grain that is granted to us by the Creator.

© N.V. Maslennikova

A is feeling, this indisputable consciousness nobody in us awakes so clearly, so brightly, how exactly Pushkin...

his restless, his distressful soul as in a mirror, reflected all completeness of the Russian soul, and its course of life executed moral falling, the highest rises of spirit, so brightly displays a historical way of our Homeland to which both deep abysses, and the highest tops of spirit are equally close.

by

I not without reason with a name of Pushkin in further history of the Russian thought so connected the largest turning points of revival and awakening of national pure feelings. The celebration of opening of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow in 1880 when the fiery word of Dostoyevsky, a name of Pushkin, the Russian society was awakened from charms of international and revolutionary nonsense was such moment and suddenly felt to the Russians, Orthodox Christians invested by the highest spiritual calling again. Perhaps, this spiritual awakening delayed our heavy accident for forty years and gave many healthy sprouts in the Russian soul, not the dead and hitherto.

Who knows

what consequences for awakening of the Russian feeling will be had by a current celebration of his name. Whether it will be connected with a dawn of revival of our Homeland?

Yes the Lord will make this miracle" (Our way. Harbin, 1937. No. 37).

of 18 Cm: A.A. A.A. Thousand-year tree of A.S. Pushkin. M, 1998.

prince vladimir kiev precept christianization of kievan rus' god russian church orthodox statehood metropolitan saint russian land power
Ruth Wilson
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