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"Clinical record" of the Soviet psychology



RETSENZII. INFORMATION

A. APOSTLES

Book And. Petrovskogo1 is not the manual for students of psychological faculties, but on it it is possible to take examination in practical psychology quietly. Most likely it is the collection of essays and fragments of the lectures representing peculiar historical and psychological researches of the famous Russian Soviet teacher and psychologist, prominent head of the Russian pedagogical science of the end of the XX century.

the Book not only is informative

>, but owing to vivacity of statement is available as for psychologists, and for laymen.

by

the First part - "Psychology life" - is devoted to political history of psychology in the USSR. In essence it is "clinical record" of psychological science: its normal development, "serious illness", almost terminal state under a sword of Damocles of the Soviet total ideology, the history of painful "resuscitation" of psychology as science and its long "recovery".

the Second part - "Life psychology" - essays and stories in which the psychological analysis of the phenomena of everyday life in the USSR and in Russia of the latest time is given. Here the inquisitive reader will find for himself a lot of new, unknown for the reasons for all known earlier.

1 Artur Petrovsky. Psychologist's notes. - M.: URAO publishing house, 20001. - 464 pages
"Clinical record"

Soviet

of psychology

So, for example, in one of lectures the author for the first time accurately determined by

the main components of mentality of the so-called "Soviet person" (unaccountable fear, conformism, phenomena of "Tsakhes's Crumb" and "Ivan who is not remembering relationship", blockade consciousness, social xenophobia, the imposed besserebrennichestvo, a bezzako-noposlushnost, family a striptease-tion, a sanctimonious deseksualization, political and semantic deafness). In the book distinctly the answer to an urgent problem of the present is also accurately given: what does the mentality of the Soviet person differ from traditional mentality of the Russian person in?

Here, in the second part of "The psychologist's notes", the author (though it is shy) tries to explain to

from philosophical and psychological positions emergence of such social phenomenon, fantastic on grandness, as a phenomenon of mass political informing in the USSR ("informers in the law" and volunteer assistants of "bodies" for capture of spies, saboteurs and "enemies of the people").

to

Besides, to fans of psychological science, history and philosophy it will be interesting to read the author's reasonings about "effect Zeygarnik", about Stalin's charisma and V. Vysotsky's charisma, about double morals and a double life, about psychological duality of time, about "time machine" of the strongest hypnotist of the present Vladimir Raykov, about "live computers", about phenomenal effect of Roza KuleRetsenziya. Information

159

shovy and other mysterious phenomena of human mentality.

B "Notes of the psychologist" the whole series of memories of the author about the time and the contemporaries entered. A long chain pass before the reader social and psychological types, images of "the lost generation" against the background of an era of "hard times" when in miasmata of the Big lie and Great fear all borders and all differences between a dreadful dream and daily reality were erased.

So of the concrete, nonfictional, often documentary confirmed scenes and images the scientist-psychologist the three-dimensional picture of "great and terrible" an era consists.

E. LAVRIK, doctor of historical sciences

E. ZADOROZhNYuK, the student

Political psychology for Russia - science relatively, to be exact is unexpected, new. And at the same time sharply demanded by the conceiving citizens which present students who should think already not only of study, but also of what to do after it are: how to plan the political future, and through it and the future of Russia. Whatever specialty they in higher education institution received!

Especially as decades of the forced brain washing with use of mass psychoemotional mechanisms came to the end with the end of the century, and, God grant, that something similar did not return from now on... The Adaba of it did not occur, it is necessary not to cry on the advice of the philosopher (naduteryanny opportunities), not to laugh (at recent hopes and illusions), and to understand. And - respectively - to learn and study policy!

Few what manuals promote it in such degree as works on political psychology of professor of MGIMO, the director of the Center of the strategic analysis and the forecast D.V. Ol-shanskogo1 - the theorist and the teacher, but also the experienced diagnostician and the expert in the sphere of psychology and psychology of mass moods. From here a metodologichespolitgramotnost - to the student!

Kai's

and methodical value of the offered grants, actually reprezentuyu-shchy all levels of a psychologo - political knowledge.

statement of the basic concepts of political psychology as sciences is given to

In the monograph systemically and at the conceptual level; let's note that heads "Psychology of masses in policy", "Psychology of mass political moods" nosyatissledovatelsky character. Here the author considers features of psychology of mass of domestic society at critical stages of history of Russia of the XX century - final to fifteen - and so rough first twenty years opening century.

in general the book is intended by

not only to the psychologist-theorist, but also the expert psychologist - and to any practician! At the same time contents has it tool character because material can be used in "jointing" of many specific situations: numerous "guides" to advertizing psychology, pab1 Fundamentals of political psychology. - M, 2001. - 496 pages; Anthology "Psychology of modern Russian policy". - M.,2001.-656 pages; Reference book "Political and Psychological Dictionary". - M, 2002. - 586 pages

Elizabeth Howard
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