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Obstetric and gynecologic clinic of V.S. Gruzdev in days of the Great Patriotic War


UDC 618. 1 & #43; 618. 2/. 7 }: 355. 257. 6 (477): (470. 41) 1


A.A. Kozlov, D.N. Ablayeva

Department of obstetrics and gynecology No. 1 (manager. — dokt. medical sciences of A.A. Chasanoff) Kazan state medical university

& #34; Activity of department and clinic in reporting years proceeded in severe conditions of heavy patriotic war with German фашизмом" — so there began the reports a head of the department prof. P.V. Manenkov. Difficulties were generally mobilization and economic. In the first year of war were called up for military service dots. H.H. Meshcherov, assistants A.M. Romanov, I.V. Danilov, N.V. And-rezen, senior laboratory assistant Paul, laboratorian N.I. Frolova, all attending physicians and seven nurses. Remained only the head of the department and assortment M.V. Mona-sypova. Gradually staff shortage was liquidated by the medics evacuated to Kazan.

Associate professor Husain Halimovich Meshcherov since the beginning of war worked in hospital No. 1669 as the chief of office, since 1942 — in evakogospital No. 1665 the leading surgeon.

The assistant I.V. Danilov was called up for field army at the beginning of war. He began the difficult front way as the chief of field mobile surgical hospital of 1st Line, since 1943 was an army gynecologist of the 8th army of the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts. Five long military years are the daily, requiring full commitment and courage work of the front surgeon. For the service in the years of war I.V. Danilov was awarded the order Patriotic war of 1 degree, medals & #34; For fighting заслуги" & #34; For defense of Leningrada" & #34; For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945 & #34; War for Ivan Vasilyevich ended in December, 1945. After demobilization he returned to former work at department of obstetrics and gynecology of medical institute as the associate professor.

Nikolay Viktorovich Andrezen was called in ranks of field army on August 21, 1941. At the front till June, 1943 he worked as the chief surgical

the ORMU groups, since June, 1943 before the end of military service — the army gynecologist. During stay on service it was awarded with awards & #34; Red Zvezdy" and & #34; Domestic войны" The II degrees, medals & #34; For defense of Stalingrada" & #34; For a victory over Germaniey". Nikolay Viktorovich got to former work after demobilization as the assistant to department of obstetrics and gynecology at the end of 1945

In military years care of department and clinic fell only on the manager Pavel Vasilyevich Manenkov and Marshida Valeevna Mo-nasypovoy. It would be desirable to remember the assistant M.V. Monasypova separately. From the archival documents P.V. Manenko-va: & #34; Since February 23, 1941 was the manager of cancer office and a radio radiological office. Devoted herself to fight against malignant tumors of a female genital. Proved to be the qualified gynecologist-oncologist, conducted classes with students, was qualified преподавателем". In the Great Patriotic War Marshida Valeevna was reserved by the Kazan medical institute and worked at department of obstetrics and gynecology, fulfilling also duties of the consultant of Republican blood transfusion station, the main military of hospital No. 361 and a number of evakogospitaly Kazan, managing gynecologic and radiological offices of clinic, an economic part. Besides, she actively participated in public work as the deputy of the Kazan city council of People's Deputies, the secretary of society of obstetricians and gynecologists.

From M.V. Monasypova's memoirs:

& #34; Unexpectedly, in one of Sundays June 22, 1941, all of us heard Molotov's announcement of war with Germany. I went to clinic to say goodbye to all and to go to the front.

However, it turned out that I was reserved for department. Almost all nurses, doctors, interns were mobilized for the front. There were not enough hands, and there was many work, worked from morning to late evening. Often it was necessary even to spend the night in clinic. Selflessly not only doctors, but also all medical staff worked. About 3-4 chrevosecheniye in day under local infiltration anesthesia which was for the first time applied in obstetrics at our department operated together. Especially to me day when from 6 in the morning to 8 in the morning the next day 36 operations were performed was remembered. At the same time I performed scientific work on use of domestic medicine of radium in treatment of tumors of a female genital, and on a Victory Day this work was закончена".

M.V. Monasypova was awarded the medals: & #34; For a victory over Germaniey" & #34; For valorous труд" & #34; For labor доблесть".

Economic difficulties of clinic consisted in a lack of fuel and an exit completely out of operation of a heating system. The delivery room was for a long time closed and gynecologic is most reduced. Temperature in chambers sometimes fell in the winter to & #43;6 °C, and in cathedral rooms to & #43;3 °C. From P.V. Manenkov's reports: & #34; The Economic condition of clinic was on the verge катастрофы". Nevertheless the emergency gynecologic help did not stop as the clinic of the prof. V.S. Gruzdev was the only institution of a similar profile in the city. Since February, 1943 thanks to the help to administration of medical institute and government of TACCP and also big diligence of M.V. Monasypova who was also economic assistant, repair of clinic began. It was restored heating and water systems, glazing and warming of rooms are carried out, sa-nitarno-technical junctures are repaired, and forces of personnel of clinic prepared more than 200 cubic meters of firewood. All this promoted further normal work of department and clinic. By the end of war their activity was included into the pre-war course. In such conditions all types of works were conducted without interruption.

The curriculum of wartime was made with calculation of the termination of institute in 3.5 years at 8-hour school day and reduction of vacation time. Students only in August and September had a rest. Besides, students and teachers were often called for works of defensive character - dug trenches and ditches in several kilometers from the city.

At department of obstetrics and gynecology No. 1 lectures, a practical training, offsets, consultations and examinations at three faculties - medical, pediatric and sanitary and hygienic were regularly continued. For example, in 1942 1908.5 class periods, from them by the head of the department lecture and examination - 357.5 hours and an assistant practical training - 1551 hour were carried out. Lectures were given in 4 streams. A practical training was given with 11 groups, examinations in obstetrics - with 13.

Also scientific work was conducted. A.M assortment. Romanov defended the doctoral dissertation & #34; Thin innervation fallopian труб" and the doctor P.S. Arkhangelsky - the master's thesis & #34; The Immediate and remote results of some methods of expeditious treatment of losses матки". P.V. Manenkov published articles & #34; Value of a method of Budimlich as replacements of manual office плаценты" and & #34; Local infiltration anesthesia at gynecologic and obstetric laparatomny операциях". By it it is made & #34; The Index of domestic literature on obstetrics and гинекологии". Cancer therapy of a uterus was studied by domestic medicine of radium. For work & #34; Growth and weight of newborns for the last 30 лет" the prof. P.V. Manenkov, assortment of M.V. Monasypov and the pediatrician E.P. Osipova were awarded with the sign & #34; Excellent student здравоохранения" also received a reward from the people's commissar of health care of the USSR Miterev.

Despite difficulties, medical work was actively carried out. In delivery room the highly skilled help and operational grants, including Cesarean section were rendered to 3507 women. In gynecologic office there were lechena of 5929 women. Most of them were operated, including a laparotomny way. 27102 women were on an outpatient basis accepted, medical procedures were appointed much of them. In a rentgente-rapevtichesky office of 396 women, patients with cancer of a uterus, received more than 5 thousand sessions of X-ray therapy, in radiotherapeutic - to 502 women about 3 thousand sessions of radiotheraphy were held.

The qualified medical shots in an internship were continued to prepare. Among studying were Z.Sh. Yakubova (further professor, the department chair of obstetrics and gynecology No. 2 KGMI), N.I. Frolova (further professor, the department chair of obstetrics and gynecology of the Chelyabinsk medical institute), G.Sh. Tregulova (now it is alive at the age of 90 years), Ponomarev and Dementieva, A.C. Lepesh-kina (further manager of delivery room of RKB MZ TACCP).

Arrived 05.05.05.


On August 24, 2005 in the center of Kazan in the square on Volkov St. the monument to the outstanding scientist, founder of domestic school of sciences Vladimir Mikhaylovich Bekhterev was open.

Future scientist was born in the village of Sarali of the Yelabuga County of the Vyatka province — nowadays the village Bech-terevo of the Yelabuga district of Tatarstan. In Kazan V.M. Bekhterev within 8 years (from 1885 to 1893) headed department of nervous and sincere diseases of medical faculty of the Kazan imperial university. Here he gained wide clinical and scientific experience, changed the system of teaching psychiatry, provided department with clinical bases and achieved creation of the Russia's first psychophysiological laboratory.

For 1886 — 1892 in laboratory 30 researches on anatomy and physiology of nervous system and experimental psychology were executed. Results of these researches are the basis for the monograph & #34; The Carrying-out ways head and back мозга" (Kazan, 1892). The edition was translated into German (1894) and conferred an award of the academician. Rem.

One more considerable undertaking of V.M. Bekhterev embodied in Kazan — city psychoneurological hospital which design, financing and construction osushchestv-flew with its active participation. In 1911 the project of a clinic for the insane — the specialized clinic of Europe best at that time — was awarded a gold medal on the Berlin congress of psychiatrists.

Representatives of the medical public of Kazan participated in a ceremony of opening of a memorial bust to V.M. Bekhterev (the sculptor — Mahmut Gasimov, the architect — Herman Bakulin). In welcoming speech the vice-chairman of the State Council of RT Rimma Ratnikova told that this corner of Kazan where a number of educational, scientific and medical institutions is concentrated, it is possible by the right to consider a peculiar medical downtown. The Minister of Health of RT K.Sh. Zyyatdinov, the rector of KGMU academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Science prof. N.H. Amirov, the prof. M.F. Ismagilov in the bright performances lit a contribution of the outstanding scientist to world medical science and practice.

Opening of a monument to V.M. Bekhterev — an important event in a festive palette of the anniversary actions devoted to the millennium of Kazan.

Nash Peter
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