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Istoriya management and self-government in the south of Russia. The manual / Under the general editorship of E.M. Trusova. Rostov N / D, 2005. 262 pages.



a istoriya of management and self-government in the south of Russia. The manual / Under the general editorship of E.M. Trusova. Rostov N / D, 2005. 262 pages

In society the need for judgment of historical experience of public administration and local government in the North Caucasus is big. Today it is the most problem region because of low efficiency of activity of administrative structures. Scientific achievements of historians of public administration and self-government in the south of Russia laid the conceptual and factual foundation for preparation of the corresponding training and special courses. Their formation is in the beginning of a way. Therefore one of the first steps in this direction of teachers of the North Caucasian academy of civil service (A.G. Danilov, S.A. Kislitsyn, V.N. Sergeyev, etc.) deserves undoubted support.

The reviewed grant concretizes in relation to the South of Russia the conceptual and methodical approaches realized by authors in the famous and popular manual "History of Public Administration of Russia" which ran already several editions, the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation having a signature stamp.

The periodization of a course is tied to the all-Russian history of public administration that is quite admissible and proved, but shades specifics of public administration and local government in the North Caucasus and Lower Volga area, especially at early stages of history. Besides, the grant territorially covers after all not all South of Russia (in borders of the modern Southern Federal District) as it is noted in the name, and the North Caucasus and mainly Don.

Chapter 1 reveals features of self-government at the Don Cossacks in the XVI-XVII centuries, an initial phase of its submission to structures of the Russian state and also formation of the allied and vassal relations with political formations of the people of the North Caucasus. Restrictions which are imposed on authors by a special course format, nevertheless historical experience of management at the people of the North Caucasus, in particular Dagestan, as well as stay of the Subregions of Caucasus under control of Khazar Khanate, the Mongolian empire, the Ottoman Empire and Persia are clear, deserves bigger attention, than is given it in the manual. East channel of broadcast of culture and a politogenez dominated in the North Caucasus before accession to Russia, its influence continues to affect archetypic level and nowadays.

In this regard chapter 2 covering the second half of XVIII - the first half of the 19th centuries, time of completion of accession of the North Caucasus to Russia and establishments is submitted more balanced to the Russian administration here. Despite laconicism of statement, the head is saturated with the actual material from the history of the Russian management during E. Pugachev's revolt, the Caucasian war and numerous external wars. However and

here the Cossack plots prevail over the history of the first state experiments of mountaineers in Shamil's imamata and in the Northwest Caucasus at Circassians.

Historical experience of integration of the polietnichny North Caucasus into the socio-political system of the empire is instructively stated during reforms and counterreforms 60 - the 90th of the 19th century. However, having concentrated attention on constructive processes of formation in the region of the Russian statehood, authors bypassed the sharpest contradictions, including tragic (a muhajirun, repartition of lands, etc.) without what the picture of management and self-government is represented incomplete.

In details issues of management and self-government on Don and the North Caucasus at the beginning of the 20th century reveal. Pages about activity of regional deputies in the I-IV State Dumas, their participation in advance of issues of development of self-government in the North Caucasus, in the Cossack areas are of special interest. At the same time it is insufficiently given attention to other problems of this period: to attempts to create parallel governing bodies and self-government (councils, "republics" during revolution of 1905 - 1907), to restoration of the Caucasian namestnichestvo (1905), etc.

Fully also formation of new power institutions, processes of democratization and their contradiction after falling of autocracy and its political system is specifically shown. In our opinion, it was expedient to pay attention to growth of the oblastnichesky and separatist tendencies reflecting strengthening of processes of regionalization of Russia after the collapse of a former power vertical without what it is difficult to understand and explain management processes during civil war.

This period is comprehended in a grant as transition from the unitary state to federal. It is shown through fight of two incompatible projects: formation of the Soviet federalism on a national and territorial basis and its alternative - attempt to create federation of the anti-Soviet states on Don and the North Caucasus. So difficult stage of history in all concreteness could not be opened and still expediently to show a role of an Islamic factor in civil war and formation of new administrative structures in one chapter of a grant, the place of the anarkhistvuyushchy formations which arose across all territory of the North Caucasus.

The important place is given to the Soviet period of history of public administration and local government. Formation of regional community of the North Caucasus is tracked, administrative-territorial changes, specifics of manifestation in the multinational region of the Soviet political system during various periods of history are in details analyzed. Authors managed to leave from a publitsistichnost and politicization according to contradictory, but one of the most creative stages of history of the North Caucasus and

whole country. At the same time in some cases they are distracted by general historical plots.

Administrative activity in days of the Great Patriotic War is convincingly opened. In our opinion, it was necessary to show at least briefly the German regime in occupied territories.

The finishing head is devoted to the reorganization period, crisis and falling of the Soviet power. However its contents more reflects processes of all-union, but not regional character, having the specifics in each of administrative units of the North Caucasus.

Summing up the result, it should be noted that the group of authors took very important step, having prepared the first manual which, let in an ocherkovy form,

offers rather complete and system view on the history of public administration and local government on Don and the North Caucasus, shows contradictory, sometimes a painful way of formation of structures of the power and management, administrative methods in the most difficult polietnichny region, ensuring its integration in the all-Russian sociocultural system. The relevance of such special course and the manual is obvious.

Authors of the fastest preparation would like to wish it to the second added edition which would light both far historical roots, and the newest Post-Soviet processes of formation of modern regional government and local government in the south of Russia.

M.R. Gasanov, A.M. Shapovalova

Douglas Mathis
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