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Category: History

Carpatho-Russian revival on the Moscow earth


Russinians - the people with a tragic story. In days of political and economic hard times his many representatives often were will against the forced to leave the native land. Part of them at the appeared opportunity returned, others remained in again made habitable places. In new conditions the immigrants met various problems on the way, usually it was necessary to start life with a clean slate, overcoming material poverty, but, despite natural influence of other cultures, always the main thing was not to assimilate and keep the originality.

Modern subcarpathian Russinians in Russia can conditionally be carried to two waves of migration: Soviet and Post-Soviet period. The first, caused by a complex of the reasons of integration of the new population into the Soviet society, began with the accession moment Under - the Carpathian Russia to the USSR. The second - result of the end of the 20th century of the system crisis which came to the end with disintegration of the Soviet state and the subsequent construction of new social systems burst critical last two decades. And, this transition period which was followed by various economic difficulties it is still fully impossible to consider successfully complete.

With crash of the Soviet bloc in Eastern and Central Europe the liberalization processes quickly get into all spheres of life, take place everywhere. There are external prerequisites of the Renaissance of Carpatho-Russian culture. So, in Slovakia, Poland and in the territory of the Subcarpathian Russia the numerous Carpatho-Russian cultural organizations began to arise. It should be noted that existence of the latent national Carpatho-Russian culture living in her specific representatives from different population groups - from the peasantry to the intellectuals was the cause of their emergence. And the factor of democratization of society was rather only limiting.

Similar processes happened also in Carpatho-Russian diaspora in the east. Only for formation of own public institutes more long term was required. Now, with official registration in Russia at the end of 2007 of regional public organization "Carpathian Russia", it is safely possible to speak about overcoming this important boundary.

The idea of creation of Carpatho-Russian association periodically arose at different activists at the end of 90 of the 20th century. However it and remained long time only a good idea. Probably, the main reason interfering it with realization can be considered remoteness from Moscow of the main territories of compact accommodation of Russinians. For opening and the subsequent development of such organization it is necessary to have close friendly contacts with representatives of Carpatho-Russian culture on the home ground. In a separation from the processes happening there such structure would remain only on paper, would be worthless dead education.

There was a time, and for several years it was succeeded to restore once interrupted cultural unity of the Russian Russinians from Rodina. During numerous trips of the best members of the Moscow Carpatho-Russian movement to various centers of Carpatho-Russian culture in the Carpathian region there were an exchange of views, mutual study and support. Here, in Moscow, now it is also aware of the main areas of work in full formation of Carpatho-Russian language, development of a system of national education, theater, mass media, science, etc. Gradually from a seed of friendship and mutual work the unification, inclusion of the Russian Russinians in the general family of the Carpatho-Russian people grew. And as there could be in a different way when together celebrated another small, but very important victories, whether it be a publication of the book in the native language or interesting transfer in an air, and over the reasons of failures often thought together.

It is deeply symbolical that founders of Carpatho-Russian association in Moscow became spokesmen of three main directions which usually are a life basis for any diaspora: the chairman Josef Gliwka, the highly respected representative of the first wave of Carpatho-Russian migration, the confessor father Mikhail Farkovets, the prior of Orthodox church in Moscow, and the vice-chairman historian-rusinist Mikhail Dronov, the graduate of the Pryashevsky university.

Really, the huge role of church in preservation of self-identification by any community which is torn off from the fatherlike house is known to all. The temple and various national liturgical traditions are that oasis of native culture in other social environment. In community life erudite researchers of history, language, sociology are also important. For example, among active members multimillion Polonius it is always possible to meet polonist, in the ranks of the German diaspora - germanists, etc. Often they have even no origin corresponding to the title nation that, however, does not prevent them to be experts on culture and national tradition, to be held in the deserved respect of other members of community. Existence of association cannot be presented without so-called elders, as a rule, of people of earlier generation of migrants, grown wise life experience, knowing firsthand about all burdens of resettlement.

Each association in the activity seeks to achieve the various objectives, to find sometimes a hard solution of objectives. At the same time the main thing is not to be fenced off from the world around, not to become isolated in itself, and on the contrary, to bring the traditions and understanding of any given questions to other culture, to participate with its carriers in equal dialogue. As a rule, such constructive relationship does well to both parties. And the closeness and estrangement lead only to accumulation of mutual misunderstanding and the unresolved problems which often have destructive force.

In this regard the first public action organized under the auspices of Carpathian Russia in Moscow is indicative. On December 20, 2007 in Russian Abroad Library fund the historical and culturological seminar "the Subcarpathian Russinians and Russia" took place. As speakers and active listeners scientists from various scientific organizations, including three institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences participated in it the head Soyma of podkaraptsky Russinians the father Dimitrii Sidor from Uzhhorod (Slavic studies, ethnology and anthropology, scientific information on social sciences), the Center of an ukrai-nistika and a belorusistika of Moscow State University, the State public historical library of Russia and also orthodox clergy, including decent Uspensky deanery of Moscow the father Stefan Pripaya. The greetings sent the secretary of the World Council of Russinians Alexander Zozulyak (Pryashev, Slovakia) and the president of Public organization "Russia" Sergey Sulyak (Chisinau, Moldova). The activity of widely presented youth - students and graduate students of the known Moscow higher education institutions is remarkable.

Initially, as well as it was stated by organizers, the subject of a seminar served only as a reference point for the main questions posed that meant more extended and their comprehensive coverage. It is appropriate to divide actually scientific part of a meeting into three blocks, according to the perspective uniting them. In the first theoretical and practical aspects of formation of Carpatho-Russian national identity were considered. Development of this process and its analysis were covered in reports "Fight of Russinians of Transcarpathia for national identity and its reflection in a historiography" (M. Dostal, to. and. N), "Historical and legal justifications of the requirement by Russinians self-governed

territories" (the lake D. Sidor, to. b.), "Russianness and rusinstvo" (O. Nemen-sky). In them a historiography on this problem, the modern situation and also the theoretical prerequisites allowing to analyze processes of formation of various national projects were mentioned. The second part was devoted to Russian-Carpatho-Russian contacts and relationship. The existing directions of their study and data on the most known personnel of the Russian Russinians sounded in messages "Russian-Carpatho-Russian communications: topical issues of study" (M. Dronov) and "Karpatorussky intellectuals in Russia (Orlay, Baludyansky, Lody, the Puppeteer, Venelin)" (N. Pashayeva, and. N). The third block is allocated by us on territorial sign. The history of the Pryashevsky region through a prism of interaction of Russians and Russinians is presented in performances: "Russinians eyes of the Russian traveler of the 1st half of the 19th century" (P. Kupriyanov, to. and. N), "To a question of the periodical press Pryashevskoy of Russia (1919-1944)" (E. Gurko-Kryazhina) and "An orthodox mission in Ladomirova in the 20-40th of the 20th century" (S. Sloistov).

In breaks between work the guests and participants could not only continue brisk discussions, but also get acquainted with rather extensive exhibition of Carpatho-Russian editions and visit the presentation of Carpatho-Russian materials of the Low-Russian national historical bibliotechka which is kindly prepared by A. Chubrikov. The greatest interest was caused by books and handbooks on Carpatho-Russian language and also editions on history and the culture of the Subcarpathian Russia.

Finishing the short review, it would be desirable to emphasize importance of such actions both for formation still of absolutely young association "Carpathian Russia", and for all Carpatho-Russian movement. Of course, it is necessary to make much, but the general image of the concrete organization, and with it and the main directions of Carpatho-Russian revival in this region is gradually formed of similar public actions. And from where forces will be applied, the present and the future of the Carpatho-Russian people living in the different states, but always uniform in the national culture and traditions depend.


Jack Martin Claude
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